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MICROBIAL METABOLISM.

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MICROBIAL METABOLISM. Catabolic And Anabolic Reactions. ENZYMES. Enzymes. Introduction: Catalytic Activity. Naming Enzymes: 6 Classes. Enzyme Components:Apoenzyme, Cofactor, Holoenzyme, Coenzyme.

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microbial metabolism

MICROBIAL METABOLISM.

Catabolic And Anabolic Reactions.

enzymes
ENZYMES.
  • Enzymes.
  • Introduction: Catalytic Activity.
  • Naming Enzymes: 6 Classes.
  • Enzyme Components:Apoenzyme, Cofactor, Holoenzyme, Coenzyme.
  • Coenzymes: Derivatives of vitamins- NAD+(Catabolic Rxns), NADP+(Anabolic Rxns),FMN, FAD(Electron carriers), COA
factors affecting enzyme activity
FACTORS AFFECTING ENZYME ACTIVITY.
  • Temperature.
  • pH.
  • Substrate Concentration.
  • Competitive Inhibitors.
  • Non-Competitive Inhibitors.
  • Feedback Inhibition.
energy production
ENERGY PRODUCTION.
  • Oxidation-Reduction Reactions.
  • Substrate-Level Phosphorylation.
  • Oxidative phosphorylation.
  • Photophosphorylation.
  • Chemiosmotic Mechanism of ATP Generation.
carbohydrate catabolism
CARBOHYDRATE CATABOLISM.
  • Glycolysis: Embden-Mayerhoff Pathway.
  • The Krebs cycle: TCA, Citric Cycle.
  • The Electron transport chain.
the electron transport chain
THE ELECTRON TRANSPORT CHAIN.
  • Oxidative Phosphorylation.
  • Steps of The Electron Transport Chain.
glycolysis
GLYCOLYSIS.
  • Splitting of Sugar.
  • Oxidation of glucose to pyruvic acid with the production of some ATP and energy containing NADH.
  • Preparotory stage.
  • Energy-conserving stage.
  • Substrate-Level Phosphorylation.
alternatives to glycolysis
ALTERNATIVES TO GLYCOLYSIS.
  • Pentose Phosphate Pathway: Hexose Monophosphate Shunt.
  • Entner-Doudoroff Pathway.
the krebs cycle
THE KREBS CYCLE.
  • Decarboxylation.
  • Carbon Dioxide production.
  • Steps of Krebs Cycle.
  • End Products of Krebs Cycle.
  • Substrate-Level Phosphorylation.
definition of respiration
DEFINITION OF RESPIRATION
  • Aerobic respiration.
  • Anaerobic respiration: Fermentation-Lactic Acid fermentation, Alcohol fermentation.
anaerobic respiration
ANAEROBIC RESPIRATION.
  • Introduction.
  • Fermentation.
  • Lactic Acid Fermentation.
  • Alcohol Fermentation.
catabolism of other macromolecules
Catabolism of other macromolecules.
  • Lipid Catabolism.
  • Protein Catabolism.
biochemical pathways of energy use anabolism
Biochemical Pathways Of Energy Use- Anabolism.
  • Biosynthesis of Polysaccharides.
  • Biosynthesis of Lipids.
  • Biosynthesis of Amino Acids and Proteins.
  • Biosynthesis of Purines and Pyrimidines.
photosynthesis
PHOTOSYNTHESIS.
  • The Light Reactions: Photophosphorylation.
  • The Dark Reactions: Calvin-Benson Cycle.
nutritional patterns among organisms
Nutritional Patterns Among Organisms.
  • Photoautotrophs.
  • Photoheterotrophs.
  • Chemoautotrophs.
  • Chemoheterotrophs.
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