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MAKING TOY ADAPTATIONS. Brian Simms, M.A. CCC-SLP Assistive Technology Specialist Assistive Technology Partners. A Plan for Our Time. Review purpose of play Identify steps to adapting toys Identify how children use toys and techniques for play facilitation

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Making toy adaptations

MAKING TOY ADAPTATIONS

Brian Simms, M.A. CCC-SLP

Assistive Technology Specialist

Assistive Technology Partners


A plan for our time
A Plan for Our Time

  • Review purpose of play

  • Identify steps to adapting toys

  • Identify how children use toys and techniques for play facilitation

  • Examine materials for making adaptations

  • ACTIVITY- Brainstorm your toys

  • Other?


Why do children play
Why Do Children Play?

  • Cognitive Understanding

  • Problem solving

  • Practice new skills  persistence in problems solving

  • Perseverance- pleasure from completing a task

  • Social-emotional development

  • Practice social skills

  • Language Use

  • Motor Development

  • BECAUSE IT SURE BEATS WORKIN’ !!

Transdisciplinary Play Based Assessment (Linder, 1993)


Children with disabilities and play
Children with Disabilities and Play

  • Children with developmental delays progress through the same sequence of development, but

    • Reduced repertoire of play skills

    • Reduced language during play

    • Less sophisticated representational play

    • Limited selection of play materials (Not the case after today )

Transdisciplinary Play Based Assessment (Linder, 1993)


Steps to adapting toys
STEPS TO ADAPTING TOYS

  • Assess the Child’s Abilities (Child)

  • Target Play Behavior (Play Skill)

  • Select Toy (Toy)

  • Make Adaptations & Modifications (Materials)

  • PLAY!!!!


Step 1 child s abilities

Cognitive

Sensory

Hearing

Vision

Integration

Motor

Gross

Fine

Communication

Comprehension

Production

Social-Emotional

STEP 1: Child’s Abilities


Step 2 target play behavior
STEP 2: Target Play Behavior

  • What is the next developmental play step?

  • What category of play you would like to target?


Step 2 target play behavior cont d
STEP 2: Target Play Behavior (cont’d)

  • Developmental Sequence of Play Behavior (handout)

  • Categories of Play

    • Exploratory-sensory toys

    • Functional- telephone, pots n’ pans

    • Constructive- blocks

    • Dramatic or Symbolic- using a shoe for a phone

    • Games-with-rules- board games, tag, etc.

    • Rough-and-tumble- wrestling

Transdisciplinary Play Based Assessment (Linder, 1993)


Step 3 select the toy
STEP 3: Select the Toy

  • Developmentally appropriate

  • Multi-sensory appeal

  • Method of activation

  • Opportunities for success

  • Self-expression

  • Adjustability

  • Safety and durability

  • Potential for interaction

The National Lekotek Centerwww.lekotek.org


Step 4 make adaptations materials to use

Velcro (there’s a variety!)

Tongue depressors

Dycem

Fabric

Dowel Rods

Wooden handles

Switches

Magnets

Felt Dots

Battery Interrupter

Rubber Bands

Pipe insulation/hair curlers

PVC pipe

Suction cups

STEP 4: Make AdaptationsMATERIALS TO USE

IMAGINATION!!!


Step 5 play techniques for facilitating play
STEP 5: Play!!Techniques for Facilitating Play

  • Parallel play- playing along side child

  • Imitation- copying child’s activity

  • Modeling- demonstrating how to play

  • Expansion – building upon play skills


Activity
ACTIVITY

  • Get in groups/teams of …

  • Pick a toy from the bin

  • Describe child’s abilities (Child)

  • Target play behavior (Play Skill)

  • Select the Toy. Tell why you selected that toy. (Toy)

  • How will you adapt the toy or activity?(Materials)



What we covered
What we covered

  • Why children need to play

  • Resources for identifying play skills

  • Examined materials to adapt toys

  • Created our own, unique adaptations!

  • What did you learn that was useful? How will you apply it?


Review steps to adapting toys
Review: Steps to Adapting Toys

  • Assess the Child’s Abilities (Child)

  • Target Play Behavior (Play Skill)

  • Select Toy (Toy)

  • Make Adaptations & Modifications (Materials)

  • PLAY!!!!


Useful websites
Useful Websites

  • Lekotek

    • Great resource for accessible play ideas

    • www.lekotek.org

  • Patty King-Debaun

    • Alternative communication strategies and resources

    • www.creative-comm.com


Useful websites1
Useful Websites

  • Let’s Play Project

    • Toy adaptations, communication and play

    • cosmos.buffalo.edu/letsplay/AT/at.html

  • Simplified Technology

    • Assistive technology and early childhood

    • www.lburkhart.com


Other resources
Other Resources

  • PVC Book

    • Great ideas for the early childhood

    • How to make inexpensive toys & seating out of PVC pipe.

    • Created by our own Diane Brians



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