MAINFRAMES

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MAINFRAMES

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1. MAINFRAMES ? 40 anos de Inova??o

2. 2 A nossa Agenda de hoje cobrir? os seguintes t?picos: Apresenta??o, Hist?rico da IBM, da Industria de TI e do Mainframe A arquitetura do Mainframe, os produtos e uma vis?o na linha do tempo O Valor do Mainframe para os Clientes, para IBM e para Comunidade ? Ecossistema Perguntas e Respostas EncerramentoA nossa Agenda de hoje cobrir? os seguintes t?picos: Apresenta??o, Hist?rico da IBM, da Industria de TI e do Mainframe A arquitetura do Mainframe, os produtos e uma vis?o na linha do tempo O Valor do Mainframe para os Clientes, para IBM e para Comunidade ? Ecossistema Perguntas e Respostas Encerramento

3. 3 Do s?culo XX ao s?culo XXI 1911 ? Funda??o da C-T-R Computing Tabulating-Recording Company 1917 ? C-T-R abre filial no Brasil ? Rio de Janeiro 1924 - International Business Machines Corporation (IBM) 1944 - Mark I ? Calculadora Eletronica- (ASSC) 1952 ? IBM 701 ? primeiro computador de V?lvulas 1956 ? IBM 305 - RAMAC ? Primeiro Disco Magn?tico 1964 ? IBM System/360 ? Uma aposta de US$ 5 BILH?ES e um MARCO na hist?ria da computa??o ? NASCE O ?MAINFRAME? 1964 a 1970 ? DRAM, CICS, COBOL, VM A IBM foi fundada oficialmente nos EUA em 15 de Junho de 1911 com o nome de Computing- Tabulating- Recording Company (C-T-R), suas origens vem do final do sec XIX quando foi inventado o primeiro Dial Recorder (tipo de m?quina de escrever) por Dr. Alexander Dey em 1888, e depois viria a fazer parte da CTR e que depois se uniria com Bundy Manufacturing Co que 1889 fez a primeira empresa de registro de cart?o de ponto do mundo. J? em 1914 a empresa tinha o Capital aberto e o Sr Thomas J. Watson, Senior foi contratado como Gerente Geral (Presidente) nesta ?poca eram 1300 funcion?rios, neste mesmo ano contratou tamb?m um funcion?rio com limita??es fisicas, 59 years before the passage of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 and 76 years before the Americans with Disabilities Act. Em 1916 a IBM realizou o primeiro programa oficial de treinamento de seu time de vendas. The Computing-Tabulating-Recording Company abriu no Canad? com o nome International Business Machines Co., Limited. No mesmo ano C-T-R abre filial no Brasil. Em 1924 a empresa consolida o nome como IBM ? International Business Machines Corporation Surge o Cart?o Perfurado para armazenar informa??es e em larga escala passa ser usado 1930 a 1940 ? Decada da depress?o Americana, a IBM assegura aos seus funcion?rios trabalho, beneficios, cria plano de f?rias e tamb?m passa A investir em Pesquisa e Desenvolvimento, primeira impressora 1940 a 1950 - Automatic Sequence Controlled Calculator(ASCC), denominado Mark I, concluido em 1944, depois de 6 anos de desenvolvimento com th Harvard University. Primeira m?quina a fazer calculos de grande valor. Pesava quase 5 toneladas, hoje fazemos isso com calculadoras de celular !!! Era construido com V?lvulas Eletronicas. Em 1946 - Thomas J. Watson, Jr., is elected to the Board of Directors. Em 1949 - Thomas J. Watson, Sr., is elected IBM Chairman of the Board. Sequence Electronic Calculator (1948) as the company's first large-scale digital calculating machine, the successful 604 Electronic Calculating Punch (1948) - 5,600 of which were built in a 10-year period - and the Card-Programmed Electronic Calculator (1949), the first IBM product designed specifically for computation centers. IBM made a number of key technological changes in the decade of the 1950s. In 1952, the company introduced the IBM 701, its first large computer based on the vacuum tube. The tubes were quicker, smaller and more easily replaced than the electromechanical switches in the Mark I (1944). The 701 executed 17,000 instructions per second and was used primarily for government and research work. But vacuum tubes rapidly moved computers into business applications such as billing, payroll and inventory control. By 1959, transistors were replacing vacuum tubes. The IBM 7090, one of the first fully transistorized mainframes, could perform 229,000 calculations per second. The U.S. Air Force used the 7090 to run its Ballistic Missile Early Warning System. IBM led data processing in a new direction with the 1957 delivery of the IBM 305 Random Access Method of Accounting and Control (RAMAC), the first computer disk storage system. Such machines became the industry's basic storage medium for transaction processing. In less than a second, the RAMAC's "random access" arm could retrieve data stored on any of the 50 spinning disks. At an IBM exhibit at the 1958 World's Fair in Brussels, the RAMAC answered world history questions in ten languages. Also in 1957, IBM introduced FORTRAN (FORmula TRANSlation), a computer language based on algebra, grammar and syntax rules. It became one of the most widely used computer languages for technical work. A IBM foi fundada oficialmente nos EUA em 15 de Junho de 1911 com o nome de Computing- Tabulating- Recording Company (C-T-R), suas origens vem do final do sec XIX quando foi inventado o primeiro Dial Recorder (tipo de m?quina de escrever) por Dr. Alexander Dey em 1888, e depois viria a fazer parte da CTR e que depois se uniria com Bundy Manufacturing Co que 1889 fez a primeira empresa de registro de cart?o de ponto do mundo. J? em 1914 a empresa tinha o Capital aberto e o Sr Thomas J. Watson, Senior foi contratado como Gerente Geral (Presidente) nesta ?poca eram 1300 funcion?rios, neste mesmo ano contratou tamb?m um funcion?rio com limita??es fisicas, 59 years before the passage of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 and 76 years before the Americans with Disabilities Act. Em 1916 a IBM realizou o primeiro programa oficial de treinamento de seu time de vendas. The Computing-Tabulating-Recording Company abriu no Canad? com o nome International Business Machines Co., Limited. No mesmo ano C-T-R abre filial no Brasil. Em 1924 a empresa consolida o nome como IBM ? International Business Machines Corporation Surge o Cart?o Perfurado para armazenar informa??es e em larga escala passa ser usado 1930 a 1940 ? Decada da depress?o Americana, a IBM assegura aos seus funcion?rios trabalho, beneficios, cria plano de f?rias e tamb?m passa A investir em Pesquisa e Desenvolvimento, primeira impressora 1940 a 1950 - Automatic Sequence Controlled Calculator(ASCC), denominado Mark I, concluido em 1944, depois de 6 anos de desenvolvimento com th Harvard University. Primeira m?quina a fazer calculos de grande valor. Pesava quase 5 toneladas, hoje fazemos isso com calculadoras de celular !!! Era construido com V?lvulas Eletronicas. Em 1946 - Thomas J. Watson, Jr., is elected to the Board of Directors. Em 1949 - Thomas J. Watson, Sr., is elected IBM Chairman of the Board. Sequence Electronic Calculator (1948) as the company's first large-scale digital calculating machine, the successful 604 Electronic Calculating Punch (1948) - 5,600 of which were built in a 10-year period - and the Card-Programmed Electronic Calculator (1949), the first IBM product designed specifically for computation centers. IBM made a number of key technological changes in the decade of the 1950s. In 1952, the company introduced the IBM 701, its first large computer based on the vacuum tube. The tubes were quicker, smaller and more easily replaced than the electromechanical switches in the Mark I (1944). The 701 executed 17,000 instructions per second and was used primarily for government and research work. But vacuum tubes rapidly moved computers into business applications such as billing, payroll and inventory control. By 1959, transistors were replacing vacuum tubes.The IBM 7090, one of the first fully transistorized mainframes, could perform 229,000 calculations per second. The U.S. Air Force used the 7090 to run its Ballistic Missile Early Warning System. IBM led data processing in a new direction with the 1957 delivery of the IBM 305 Random Access Method of Accounting and Control (RAMAC), the first computer disk storage system. Such machines became the industry's basic storage medium for transaction processing. In less than a second, the RAMAC's "random access" arm could retrieve data stored on any of the 50 spinning disks. At an IBM exhibit at the 1958 World's Fair in Brussels, the RAMAC answered world history questions in ten languages. Also in 1957, IBM introduced FORTRAN (FORmula TRANSlation), a computer language based on algebra, grammar and syntax rules. It became one of the most widely used computer languages for technical work.

4. 4 Hist?rico Parte 1 In the most important product announcement in company history to date, IBM introduces the IBM System/360 - a new concept in computers which creates a "family" of small to large computers incorporating IBM-designed Solid Logic Technology (SLT) microelectronics and uses the same programming instructions. The concept of a compatible "family" of computers transforms the industry. A sede da IBM saiu de NY para Armonk (estado de NY) onde est? at? hoje Neste momento a IBM assume definitivamente seu papel de ?Criadora e Lider da Industria da Tecnologia da Informa??o? O faturamento da IBM nesta ?poca era de 3Bilh?es de US$ , o investimento no System/360 foi de 5 Bilh?es de US$ Em 1967 IBM researcher Robert H. Dennard invents Dynamic Random Access Memory (DRAM) cells, one-transistor memory cells that store each single bit of information as an electrical charge in an electronic circuit. The technology permits major increases in memory density, and is widely adopted throughout the industry where it remains in widespread use today. IBM's Customer Information Control System (CICS), first developed in conjunction with Michigan Bell in 1966, is introduced. Designed to effectively market all components of an online system for multiple requests to single file in a high volume fast response environment, CICS has remained the industry's most popular transaction monitor. IBM computers and personnel help NASA put the first men on the Moon. An onboard computer in the Orbiting Astronomical Observatory II operates for a full year. IBM announces the IBM System/3 for small businesses, the first IBM system to use Monolithic System Technology (MST) logic circuits and feature a new, smaller punched card (the first major innovation to punched cards since the 80-column "IBM Card" was introduced in 1928); the 2770 Data Communication System and the 2790 Data Communication System; and the Mag Card "Selectric" Typewriter IBM announces Systems Network Architecture (SNA), a networking protocol for computing systems. SNA is a uniform set of rules and procedures for computer communications to free computer users from the technical complexities of communicating through local, national, and international computer networks. SNA becomes the most widely used system for data processing until more open architecture standards were approved in the 1990s. 1981 - The appointment of John R. Opel as CEO in 1981 coincided with the beginning of a new era in computing. Thanks to the birth of the IBM Personal Computer or PC, the IBM brand began to enter homes, small business and schools. Though not a spectacular machine by technological standards, the IBM PC brought together all of the most desirable features of a computer into one small machine. It offered 16 kilobytes of user memory (expandable to 256 kilobytes), one or two floppy disks and an optional color monitor. When designing the PC, IBM for the first time contracted the production of its components to outside companies. The processor chip came from Intel and the operating system, called DOS (Disk Operating System) came from a 32-person company called Microsoft. Hist?rico Parte 1 In the most important product announcement in company history to date, IBM introduces the IBM System/360 - a new concept in computers which creates a "family" of small to large computers incorporating IBM-designed Solid Logic Technology (SLT) microelectronics and uses the same programming instructions. The concept of a compatible "family" of computers transforms the industry. A sede da IBM saiu de NY para Armonk (estado de NY) onde est? at? hoje Neste momento a IBM assume definitivamente seu papel de ?Criadora e Lider da Industria da Tecnologia da Informa??o? O faturamento da IBM nesta ?poca era de 3Bilh?es de US$ , o investimento no System/360 foi de 5 Bilh?es de US$ Em 1967 IBM researcher Robert H. Dennard invents Dynamic Random Access Memory (DRAM) cells, one-transistor memory cells that store each single bit of information as an electrical charge in an electronic circuit. The technology permits major increases in memory density, and is widely adopted throughout the industry where it remains in widespread use today. IBM's Customer Information Control System (CICS), first developed in conjunction with Michigan Bell in 1966, is introduced. Designed to effectively market all components of an online system for multiple requests to single file in a high volume fast response environment, CICS has remained the industry's most popular transaction monitor. IBM computers and personnel help NASA put the first men on the Moon. An onboard computer in the Orbiting Astronomical Observatory II operates for a full year. IBM announces the IBM System/3 for small businesses, the first IBM system to use Monolithic System Technology (MST) logic circuits and feature a new, smaller punched card (the first major innovation to punched cards since the 80-column "IBM Card" was introduced in 1928); the 2770 Data Communication System and the 2790 Data Communication System; and the Mag Card "Selectric" Typewriter IBM announces Systems Network Architecture (SNA), a networking protocol for computing systems. SNA is a uniform set of rules and procedures for computer communications to free computer users from the technical complexities of communicating through local, national, and international computer networks. SNA becomes the most widely used system for data processing until more open architecture standards were approved in the 1990s. 1981 - The appointment of John R. Opel as CEO in 1981 coincided with the beginning of a new era in computing. Thanks to the birth of the IBM Personal Computer or PC, the IBM brand began to enter homes, small business and schools. Though not a spectacular machine by technological standards, the IBM PC brought together all of the most desirable features of a computer into one small machine. It offered 16 kilobytes of user memory (expandable to 256 kilobytes), one or two floppy disks and an optional color monitor. When designing the PC, IBM for the first time contracted the production of its components to outside companies. The processor chip came from Intel and the operating system, called DOS (Disk Operating System) came from a 32-person company called Microsoft.

5. 5 Do s?culo XX ao s?culo XXI 1981 ? Nasce o IBM PC em parceria com Intel e Microsoft 1995 ? IBM System/390 com processador CMOS ? 4a Evolu??o 1998 - IBM S/390 G5 ? ultrapassa 1000 MIPS 2000 - IBM eserver zSeries z900 e System z/OS 1.1 ? 5a Evolu??o 2001 ? IBM zSeries suporta Linux comercialmente 2003 ? IBM zSeries z990 ? T-REX - suporte a JAVA ? 64 bits full 2004 - MAINFRAMES = 40 ANOS ? THEY ARE BACK!!! 2006 ? IBM System z9 ? EC e BC e System z/OS 1.8 2006 - IBM PC faz 25 anos, 12 de agosto de 2006 2006 ? RAMAC 305 1o disco magn?tico faz 50 anos. . In the most important product announcement in company history to date, IBM introduces the IBM System/360 - a new concept in computers which creates a "family" of small to large computers incorporating IBM-designed Solid Logic Technology (SLT) microelectronics and uses the same programming instructions. The concept of a compatible "family" of computers transforms the industry. A sede da IBM saiu de NY para Armonk (estado de NY) onde est? at? hoje Neste momento a IBM assume definitivamente seu papel de ?Criadora e Lider da Industria da Tecnologia da Informa??o? O faturamento da IBM nesta ?poca era de 3Bilh?es de US$ , o investimento no System/360 foi de 5 Bilh?es de US$ Em 1967 IBM researcher Robert H. Dennard invents Dynamic Random Access Memory (DRAM) cells, one-transistor memory cells that store each single bit of information as an electrical charge in an electronic circuit. The technology permits major increases in memory density, and is widely adopted throughout the industry where it remains in widespread use today. IBM's Customer Information Control System (CICS), first developed in conjunction with Michigan Bell in 1966, is introduced. Designed to effectively market all components of an online system for multiple requests to single file in a high volume fast response environment, CICS has remained the industry's most popular transaction monitor. IBM computers and personnel help NASA put the first men on the Moon. An onboard computer in the Orbiting Astronomical Observatory II operates for a full year. IBM announces the IBM System/3 for small businesses, the first IBM system to use Monolithic System Technology (MST) logic circuits and feature a new, smaller punched card (the first major innovation to punched cards since the 80-column "IBM Card" was introduced in 1928); the 2770 Data Communication System and the 2790 Data Communication System; and the Mag Card "Selectric" Typewriter IBM announces Systems Network Architecture (SNA), a networking protocol for computing systems. SNA is a uniform set of rules and procedures for computer communications to free computer users from the technical complexities of communicating through local, national, and international computer networks. SNA becomes the most widely used system for data processing until more open architecture standards were approved in the 1990s. 1981 - The appointment of John R. Opel as CEO in 1981 coincided with the beginning of a new era in computing. Thanks to the birth of the IBM Personal Computer or PC, the IBM brand began to enter homes, small business and schools. Though not a spectacular machine by technological standards, the IBM PC brought together all of the most desirable features of a computer into one small machine. It offered 16 kilobytes of user memory (expandable to 256 kilobytes), one or two floppy disks and an optional color monitor. When designing the PC, IBM for the first time contracted the production of its components to outside companies. The processor chip came from Intel and the operating system, called DOS (Disk Operating System) came from a 32-person company called Microsoft. . In the most important product announcement in company history to date, IBM introduces the IBM System/360 - a new concept in computers which creates a "family" of small to large computers incorporating IBM-designed Solid Logic Technology (SLT) microelectronics and uses the same programming instructions. The concept of a compatible "family" of computers transforms the industry. A sede da IBM saiu de NY para Armonk (estado de NY) onde est? at? hoje Neste momento a IBM assume definitivamente seu papel de ?Criadora e Lider da Industria da Tecnologia da Informa??o? O faturamento da IBM nesta ?poca era de 3Bilh?es de US$ , o investimento no System/360 foi de 5 Bilh?es de US$ Em 1967 IBM researcher Robert H. Dennard invents Dynamic Random Access Memory (DRAM) cells, one-transistor memory cells that store each single bit of information as an electrical charge in an electronic circuit. The technology permits major increases in memory density, and is widely adopted throughout the industry where it remains in widespread use today. IBM's Customer Information Control System (CICS), first developed in conjunction with Michigan Bell in 1966, is introduced. Designed to effectively market all components of an online system for multiple requests to single file in a high volume fast response environment, CICS has remained the industry's most popular transaction monitor. IBM computers and personnel help NASA put the first men on the Moon. An onboard computer in the Orbiting Astronomical Observatory II operates for a full year. IBM announces the IBM System/3 for small businesses, the first IBM system to use Monolithic System Technology (MST) logic circuits and feature a new, smaller punched card (the first major innovation to punched cards since the 80-column "IBM Card" was introduced in 1928); the 2770 Data Communication System and the 2790 Data Communication System; and the Mag Card "Selectric" Typewriter IBM announces Systems Network Architecture (SNA), a networking protocol for computing systems. SNA is a uniform set of rules and procedures for computer communications to free computer users from the technical complexities of communicating through local, national, and international computer networks. SNA becomes the most widely used system for data processing until more open architecture standards were approved in the 1990s. 1981 - The appointment of John R. Opel as CEO in 1981 coincided with the beginning of a new era in computing. Thanks to the birth of the IBM Personal Computer or PC, the IBM brand began to enter homes, small business and schools. Though not a spectacular machine by technological standards, the IBM PC brought together all of the most desirable features of a computer into one small machine. It offered 16 kilobytes of user memory (expandable to 256 kilobytes), one or two floppy disks and an optional color monitor. When designing the PC, IBM for the first time contracted the production of its components to outside companies. The processor chip came from Intel and the operating system, called DOS (Disk Operating System) came from a 32-person company called Microsoft.

6. 6 System IBM 3090 ? refrigerado a ?gua Produzido no final dos anos 80 inclusive no Brasil ? Planta Hortolandia-SP 1988 - IBM announces the Enterprise System/3090 Model 600S, the industry's most powerful general purpose processor. The Model 600S leads a new 10-model S series of advanced mainframe computers that take advantage of IBM's Enterprise Systems Architecture/370, Multiple Virtual System/ESA and Virtual Machine/Extended Architecture operating systems and data management software. IBM makes its most comprehensive product announcement in 25 years by introducing the System/390 family consisting of 18 Enterprise System/9000 processors ranging from midrange computers for office environments to the most powerful computers IBM has ever offered. 1994 IBM announces the System/390 Parallel Sysplex Offering, encompassing the Coupling Facility, the S/390 Parallel Transaction Server, high-speed coupling links and software enhancements. IBM introduces a new generation of AS/400 computers called the AS/400 Advanced Series. The IBM RAMAC Array Family is announced. With features like highly parallel processing, multi-level cache, RAID 5 and redundant components, RAMAC represents a major advance in information storage technology. Consisting of the RAMAC Array Direct Access Storage Device (DASD) and the RAMAC Array Subsystem, the products become one of IBM's most successful storage product launches ever, with almost 2,000 systems shipped to customers in its first three months of availability. IBM Belgium/Luxemburg announces the implementation of 16-megabit DRAM memory chip technology in an IBM ES/9000 processor at the Universite de Liege, the first 16M-bit memory chip installation in a large high performance processor in the world. 1995 ? Na corrida da eficiencia/performance a IBM inicia a produ??o do IBM System/390 Parallel Enterprise Server, com Processador complementary metal oxide silicon (CMOS). 1998 - IBM introduces the IBM S/390 - Generation 5 (G5) server, the most powerful S/390 computing system; IBM says the S/390 G5 Parallel Enterprise Server 10-way Turbo model has smashed the 1,000 MIPS barrier, making it the world's most powerful mainframe. The company ships its 1,000th S/390 Parallel Enterprise Server - Generation 5 - less than 100 days after G5 manufacturing began, marking the largest ramp-up in S/390 history. 1999 - IBM's S/390 G5 Server sets a new record for Internet performance, posting a rating of 21,591 hits per second - a 50 percent increase over the previous record. 2000 - The 2000's are also marked by a transition in IBM's leadership. Samuel J. Palmisano becomes president and chief operating officer in 2000 and then, two years later, he is named chief executive officer of IBM. As CEO, Palmisano succeeds Louis V. Gerstner, Jr., who remains IBM chairman through 2002. 2000 - IBM introduces the IBM eServer, a new generation of servers featuring mainframe-class reliability and scalability, broad support of open standards for the development of new applications, and capacity on demand for managing the unprecedented needs of e-business. The new servers feature technology from IBM's high-end servers applied across the entire product line, and include: the eServer zSeries -- the most reliable, mission-critical data and transaction server in the industry; eServer pSeries -- the most powerful, technologically advanced UNIX server; eServer iSeries -- the high performance, integrated business server for mid-market companies; and the eServer xSeries -- the affordable Intel-based server with mainframe-inspired reliability technologies. 2001 ? Linux roda em Mainframe em aplica??es comerciais e revitaliza o sistema operacional VM/ESA agora chamado de z/VM (Virtual Machines) 2003 ? IBM anuncia o z990 (tres vezes mais potente que o z900) nomeado como T-REX em alus?o aos Dinossauros, pois o MAINFRAME quando fez trinta anos foi dado como extinto por um analista do Gartner 2004 ? IBM MAINFRAME completa 40 anos 2005/2006 ? IBM anuncia o IBM System z9 ? EC (entreprise Class ) e BC (Business Class) ? com suporte a Linux, Java e Bancos de Dados Distribuidos para executar tarefas de Data Warehouse, Minning .. Integra??o , INOVA??O Produzido no final dos anos 80 inclusive no Brasil ? Planta Hortolandia-SP 1988 - IBM announces the Enterprise System/3090 Model 600S, the industry's most powerful general purpose processor. The Model 600S leads a new 10-model S series of advanced mainframe computers that take advantage of IBM's Enterprise Systems Architecture/370, Multiple Virtual System/ESA and Virtual Machine/Extended Architecture operating systems and data management software. IBM makes its most comprehensive product announcement in 25 years by introducing the System/390 family consisting of 18 Enterprise System/9000 processors ranging from midrange computers for office environments to the most powerful computers IBM has ever offered. 1994 IBM announces the System/390 Parallel Sysplex Offering, encompassing the Coupling Facility, the S/390 Parallel Transaction Server, high-speed coupling links and software enhancements. IBM introduces a new generation of AS/400 computers called the AS/400 Advanced Series. The IBM RAMAC Array Family is announced. With features like highly parallel processing, multi-level cache, RAID 5 and redundant components, RAMAC represents a major advance in information storage technology. Consisting of the RAMAC Array Direct Access Storage Device (DASD) and the RAMAC Array Subsystem, the products become one of IBM's most successful storage product launches ever, with almost 2,000 systems shipped to customers in its first three months of availability. IBM Belgium/Luxemburg announces the implementation of 16-megabit DRAM memory chip technology in an IBM ES/9000 processor at the Universite de Liege, the first 16M-bit memory chip installation in a large high performance processor in the world. 1995 ? Na corrida da eficiencia/performance a IBM inicia a produ??o do IBM System/390 Parallel Enterprise Server, com Processador complementary metal oxide silicon (CMOS). 1998 - IBM introduces the IBM S/390 - Generation 5 (G5) server, the most powerful S/390 computing system; IBM says the S/390 G5 Parallel Enterprise Server 10-way Turbo model has smashed the 1,000 MIPS barrier, making it the world's most powerful mainframe. The company ships its 1,000th S/390 Parallel Enterprise Server - Generation 5 - less than 100 days after G5 manufacturing began, marking the largest ramp-up in S/390 history. 1999 - IBM's S/390 G5 Server sets a new record for Internet performance, posting a rating of 21,591 hits per second - a 50 percent increase over the previous record. 2000 - The 2000's are also marked by a transition in IBM's leadership. Samuel J. Palmisano becomes president and chief operating officer in 2000 and then, two years later, he is named chief executive officer of IBM. As CEO, Palmisano succeeds Louis V. Gerstner, Jr., who remains IBM chairman through 2002. 2000 - IBM introduces the IBM eServer, a new generation of servers featuring mainframe-class reliability and scalability, broad support of open standards for the development of new applications, and capacity on demand for managing the unprecedented needs of e-business. The new servers feature technology from IBM's high-end servers applied across the entire product line, and include: the eServer zSeries -- the most reliable, mission-critical data and transaction server in the industry; eServer pSeries -- the most powerful, technologically advanced UNIX server; eServer iSeries -- the high performance, integrated business server for mid-market companies; and the eServer xSeries -- the affordable Intel-based server with mainframe-inspired reliability technologies. 2001 ? Linux roda em Mainframe em aplica??es comerciais e revitaliza o sistema operacional VM/ESA agora chamado de z/VM (Virtual Machines) 2003 ? IBM anuncia o z990 (tres vezes mais potente que o z900) nomeado como T-REX em alus?o aos Dinossauros, pois o MAINFRAME quando fez trinta anos foi dado como extinto por um analista do Gartner 2004 ? IBM MAINFRAME completa 40 anos 2005/2006 ? IBM anuncia o IBM System z9 ? EC (entreprise Class ) e BC (Business Class) ? com suporte a Linux, Java e Bancos de Dados Distribuidos para executar tarefas de Data Warehouse, Minning .. Integra??o , INOVA??O

7. 7 Arquitetura do MAINFRAME PROCESSADORES (SINGLE OU DUAL CORE) CP ? uso geral SAP ? processador assistente para gerenciamento de I/O e balanceamento de carga Dedicado ? ICF, IFL, zAAP, zIIP, Criptografia, spare ? fun??es especificas CLOCK ? velocidade do processador MEM?RIA (CACHE L1, CACHE L2, RAM) I/O ? entrada e sa?da de dados (Discos/Fitas/Terminais/Impressoras) Rede de Comunica??o TCP/IP ? comunica??o externa Hipersockets ? rede virtual interna Sistemas Operacionais ( z/OS, z/VM, z/VSE, TPF, Linux) Microc?digo gest?o de recursos (Particionamento, Integra??o, Seguran?a) A arquitetura do MAINFRAME ? caracterizada por um conjunto de Hardware, Firmware (MICROC?DIGO) e Software que fornecem ao ambiente computacional alta capacidade de processamento (Processador + Mem?ria + I/O ) de dados e informa??o, confiabilidade, disponibilidade, escalabilidade, disciplinas operacionais ( RAS 24 x 7 ), seguran?a (Criptografia ), Gerenciamento de Sistema, Mixed Workloads ( Aplica??es Variadas) ? Gartner Group 1999 ( CISC - A arquitetura do MAINFRAME ? caracterizada por um conjunto de Hardware, Firmware (MICROC?DIGO) e Software que fornecem ao ambiente computacional alta capacidade de processamento (Processador + Mem?ria + I/O ) de dados e informa??o, confiabilidade, disponibilidade, escalabilidade, disciplinas operacionais ( RAS 24 x 7 ), seguran?a (Criptografia ), Gerenciamento de Sistema, Mixed Workloads ( Aplica??es Variadas) ? Gartner Group 1999 ( CISC -

8. 8 Arquitetura do MAINFRAME - Evolu??o zSeries System/360? (1964) Evolved through the System/3000, S/390? into the zSeries Commercial environment Multiple applications per machine Heterogeneous workloads Data Intensive Highly Secure Environments Virtual Images (CP67) System Assist Processors Channel I/O OS/VS1, MVS?, VM/ESA?,OS/390?, z/OS? Centralized topology Error Free Processing Logical Partitioning (PR/SM?) via Microcode Open standards for interoperations & new apps - 1990s UNIX? and Linux? Open Standards Interfaces and I/O DP/IT organization review and procedure for acquisition High $ investment Scrutinized implementations pSeries RT/PC and AIX? announced in 1986 Compute Intensive work CADCAM Scientific and Technical Graphics and Animation Simulation etc. POWER2? (RS/6000?) announced in 1990 Evolved to large SMP POWER5 Networked, distributed topology Single application type per instance Added Virtualization and multiple application support Open System ? Interfaces and I/O RS/6000 SP? Announced 1992 Massively Parallel Computing Parallel System Support Program High Speed Switch Locally managed (often by department) Function of $ clip level Function of rapid implementation zSeries System/360? (1964) Evolved through the System/3000, S/390? into the zSeries Commercial environment Multiple applications per machine Heterogeneous workloads Data Intensive Highly Secure Environments Virtual Images (CP67) System Assist Processors Channel I/O OS/VS1, MVS?, VM/ESA?,OS/390?, z/OS? Centralized topology Error Free Processing Logical Partitioning (PR/SM?) via Microcode Open standards for interoperations & new apps - 1990s UNIX? and Linux? Open Standards Interfaces and I/O DP/IT organization review and procedure for acquisition High $ investment Scrutinized implementations pSeries RT/PC and AIX? announced in 1986 Compute Intensive work CADCAM Scientific and Technical Graphics and Animation Simulation etc. POWER2? (RS/6000?) announced in 1990 Evolved to large SMP POWER5 Networked, distributed topology Single application type per instance Added Virtualization and multiple application support Open System ? Interfaces and I/O RS/6000 SP? Announced 1992 Massively Parallel Computing Parallel System Support Program High Speed Switch Locally managed (often by department) Function of $ clip level Function of rapid implementation

9. Desde da introdu??o do Processador CMOS em 1995 no MAINFRAME esta ? a evolu??o das gera??es de servidores IBM com esta tecnologia e outras adicionais como Processador de Cobre, SOI (Silicon on Isolator), Processadores para Criptografia on board, Interface disco/fita FICON /FCP Rede TCP/IP e outros, tecnologia hoje 100% 64bitsDesde da introdu??o do Processador CMOS em 1995 no MAINFRAME esta ? a evolu??o das gera??es de servidores IBM com esta tecnologia e outras adicionais como Processador de Cobre, SOI (Silicon on Isolator), Processadores para Criptografia on board, Interface disco/fita FICON /FCP Rede TCP/IP e outros, tecnologia hoje 100% 64bits

10. 10 Evolu??o da CPUs CMOS da IBM a partir de 1998 em capacidade de processamento e escalabilidade, hoje passa os 17000 MIPS e at? 54 processadores z9-EC Evolu??o da CPUs CMOS da IBM a partir de 1998 em capacidade de processamento e escalabilidade, hoje passa os 17000 MIPS e at? 54 processadores z9-EC

11. 11 O que determina a capacidade do sistema Single system capacity is determined by: Processor Effectiveness (Memory Time) Utilization Single system capacity is determined by many factors: Processor speed Memory hierarchy I/O structure Processor Speed (CPU Time) Fundamental chip technology Limited ?silicon budget? results in trade-offs for other characteristics Processor Effectiveness (Memory Time) Caches, bus speeds I/O capabilities Characteristics of workload Utilization Hardware and software issues Partitioning capabilities Desired response time Single system capacity is determined by many factors: Processor speed Memory hierarchy I/O structure Processor Speed (CPU Time) Fundamental chip technology Limited ?silicon budget? results in trade-offs for other characteristics Processor Effectiveness (Memory Time) Caches, bus speeds I/O capabilities Characteristics of workload Utilization Hardware and software issues Partitioning capabilities Desired response time

12. 12 Compara??o onde mainframe deve ser usado Capacity Metric can vary (MIPS, MHz, tpm, tpc-c, n? engines, ...) Utilization (%) can be measured with various tools (vmstat, top, Task Manager ...) WLF is measured in [CB]/[CA] units i.e., LSPR values are MIPS/MIPS workload factors for two zSeries machines at same utilization WLF difficult to measure! not enough benchmarks to cover all the cases driven by cache miss rate, which cannot be directly measured ?Cloud of uncertainty? around measured values Capacity Metric can vary (MIPS, MHz, tpm, tpc-c, n? engines, ...) Utilization (%) can be measured with various tools (vmstat, top, Task Manager ...) WLF is measured in [CB]/[CA] units i.e., LSPR values are MIPS/MIPS workload factors for two zSeries machines at same utilization WLF difficult to measure! not enough benchmarks to cover all the cases driven by cache miss rate, which cannot be directly measured ?Cloud of uncertainty? around measured values

13. 13 Compara??o onde mainframe n?o deve ser usado Very High Utilization requires: High Saturation Design Point (hardware design) Discretionary workload Implies mixed workload, which in turn drives cache misses and lowers processor effectiveness Sophisticated workload management software High Utilization ? potential concerns Contention in I/O subsystems Decreases cache effectiveness and increases memory time Peak utilization affects response time Typically limited to allow good response time ? ?headroom? LPARS designed to drive up overall utilization Results in context switches Can decrease effectiveness Workload skew introduces its own set of challenges Reduces ?overall average? Impacts memory time Different cache designs respond differently Mixed workloads put greater stress on caches More context switches Make processor affinity more difficult to maintain Facilitates running at higher utilization Discretionary workload can be paused to service high priority work WLM Potentially reduces pathlength Having applications ?close to the data? can eliminate network calls Some changes in application architecture to receive benefit Very High Utilization requires: High Saturation Design Point (hardware design) Discretionary workload Implies mixed workload, which in turn drives cache misses and lowers processor effectiveness Sophisticated workload management software High Utilization ? potential concerns Contention in I/O subsystems Decreases cache effectiveness and increases memory time Peak utilization affects response time Typically limited to allow good response time ? ?headroom? LPARS designed to drive up overall utilization Results in context switches Can decrease effectiveness Workload skew introduces its own set of challenges Reduces ?overall average? Impacts memory time Different cache designs respond differently Mixed workloads put greater stress on caches More context switches Make processor affinity more difficult to maintain Facilitates running at higher utilization Discretionary workload can be paused to service high priority work WLM Potentially reduces pathlength Having applications ?close to the data? can eliminate network calls Some changes in application architecture to receive benefit

14. 14 A estrat?gia de On Demand prev? uma simplifica??o dos servi?os de infraestrutura. Esse simplifica??o ser? alcan?ada atrav?s da constru??o de uma malha global que permita sanar os gaps existentes entre plataformas heterog?neas garantindo uma flexibiliza??o de toda a infraestrutura de uma empresa. Isso garantir? a integra??o e conex?o total da infraestrutura para otimizar a utiliza??o de recursos e o controle de seguran?a, resili?ncia e ger?ncia de cargas. Pe?as chave nessa integra??o ser?o o suporte ? padr?es abertos, virtualiza??o, grid e automatiza??o. Como todo o direcionamento de On Demand, a grande objetivo da constru??o/disponibiliza??o desta malha global de infraestutura ser? garantir o atendimento das prioridades do Neg?cio, ou seja, possibilitar a empresa gerenciar sua infraestrutura de acordo com as necessidades do seu neg?cio. Como o Mainframe se apresenta neste cen?rio, veremos a seguir : A estrat?gia de On Demand prev? uma simplifica??o dos servi?os de infraestrutura. Esse simplifica??o ser? alcan?ada atrav?s da constru??o de uma malha global que permita sanar os gaps existentes entre plataformas heterog?neas garantindo uma flexibiliza??o de toda a infraestrutura de uma empresa. Isso garantir? a integra??o e conex?o total da infraestrutura para otimizar a utiliza??o de recursos e o controle de seguran?a, resili?ncia e ger?ncia de cargas. Pe?as chave nessa integra??o ser?o o suporte ? padr?es abertos, virtualiza??o, grid e automatiza??o. Como todo o direcionamento de On Demand, a grande objetivo da constru??o/disponibiliza??o desta malha global de infraestutura ser? garantir o atendimento das prioridades do Neg?cio, ou seja, possibilitar a empresa gerenciar sua infraestrutura de acordo com as necessidades do seu neg?cio. Como o Mainframe se apresenta neste cen?rio, veremos a seguir :

15. 15 System z9-EC (enterprise class)System z9-EC (enterprise class)

16. 16 System z9-EC (enterprise class)System z9-EC (enterprise class)

17. 17 Arquitetura Mainframe ? conceitos b?sicos HiperSockets ? Rede TCP/IP Virtual interna, velocidade de 24 GBytes/seg ? barramento interno do servidor Parallel Sysplex Timer ? interligar e sincronizar v?rios servidores MAINFRAME no mesmo DataCenter e em DataCenters diferentes usando GDPS (Geographic Disperse Parallel Sysplex ) para Contingencia/Recupera??o de Desastres e Alta DisponibilidadeArquitetura Mainframe ? conceitos b?sicos HiperSockets ? Rede TCP/IP Virtual interna, velocidade de 24 GBytes/seg ? barramento interno do servidor Parallel Sysplex Timer ? interligar e sincronizar v?rios servidores MAINFRAME no mesmo DataCenter e em DataCenters diferentes usando GDPS (Geographic Disperse Parallel Sysplex ) para Contingencia/Recupera??o de Desastres e Alta Disponibilidade

18. 18 Arquitetura de Virtualiza??o do Mainframe (desenho l?gico)

19. 19 Mainframe = Aplica??es que rodam da plataforma Arquitetura Mainframe ? flexivel, padr?es abertos e multi-sistema operacional (SO)Arquitetura Mainframe ? flexivel, padr?es abertos e multi-sistema operacional (SO)

20. 20

21. 21 Exemplo: direcionamento da carga no processador

22. 22 System z9 ? MAINFRAME Como parte dessa estrat?gia, a IBM anuncia que estar? estendendo as funcionalidades de zSeries para torn?-lo o integrador dessa malha global nas 3 ?reas citadas ? Seguran?a e resili?ncia, Ger?ncia e Resili?ncia - aproveitando as capacidades atuais que j? est?o sedimentadas na plataforma. Em Seguran?a e Resili?ncia: Aproveitar a alta disponibilidade atual da plataforma, ger?nciamento inteligente de recursos por prioridade e a capacidade de seguran?a e integridade de dados Inicialmente: Estender GDPS para ambientes heterog?neos e ambientes de site ?nico Possibilitar associa??o de ativos e recursos para mapear processos de neg?cio Estender a habilidade de prover integra??o de seguran?a atrav?s do uso de technologias abertas Estender essas capacidades para o mundo On Demand: Provendo capacidade de monitorar fun??es de neg?cio e identificar a??es apropriadas de recupera??o Estender a resili?ncia de zSeries para plataformas heterog?neas atrav?s da utiliza??o interfaces comuns Capacitando zSeries para liderar a ger?ncia de ativos e recursos heterog?neos Vis?o de futuro: =>Tornar-se o ?Cofre Seguro? da empresa atrav?s da ger?ncia automatizada de zSeries baseada no suporte ? politicas de neg?cio para ativos e recursos heterog?neos =>Tornar-se a ?Autoridade Confi?vel? da empresa atrav?s da lideran?a de Seguran?a de zSeries com o ODEO Em Ger?ncia: Aproveitar a capacidade atual de ger?ncia automatizada de cargas diversas e recursos do sistema baseada em pol?ticas de neg?cio e objetivos de performance de cargas, ger?ncia inteligente de recursos que possibilita altos ?ndices de utiliza??o da m?quina e a capacidade de virtualiza??o. Foco Inicial: =>Possibilitar a participa??o de zSeries na ger?ncia completa de recursos em ambientes heterog?neos Prover visibilidade dos recursos de zSeries no ambiente heterog?neo Estender essas capacidades para o mundo On Demand: =>Prover capacidade de monitoramento e ger?ncia dos recursos como parte de um ambiente heterog?neo e identifica??o de a??es apropriadas =>Prover disponibiliza??o din?mica de infraestrutura para aplica??es Vis?o de Futuro: =>Tornar-se o Gerenciador inteligente de Neg?cio disponibilizando o ambiente servidor mais resiliente para fun??es de ger?ncia de miss?o cr?tica automatizadas =>Disponibilizar integra??o completa na plataforma para prover um ambiente otimizado para hospedar servi?os de aplica??o de miss?o cr?tica virtualizados Em Integra??o: Aproveitar a capacidade de integra??o de ativos em todo ambiente zSeries de cargar mistas, lideran?a no ambiente de dados de miss?o cr?tica e processamento de transa??es eintegra??o e otimiza??o profunda de hardware, software e middleware. Foco Inicial: =>Capacitar o zSeries para servi?os web com suporte a SOA =>Maior integra??o da plataforma com ambiente Java atrav?s de zAAPs Estender essas capacidades para o mundo On Demand: =>Estender o ferramental para mapear consistentementeos requerimentos de neg?cio para prover infraestrutura para impementa??o e opera??o =>Gerenciar aplica??es em todas as plataformas de maneira consistente e otimizada para zSeries =>Posicionar zSeries como um componente cr?tico para o barramento empresarial de neg?cios explorando as capacidades de integra??o e ger?ncia da plataforma Vis?o de Futuro: =>Prover um hub para aplica??es e dados de miss?o cr?tica atrav?s do fortalecimento das capacidades de integra??o da plataforma e possibilitando um fortalecimento da integra??o de plataformas da empresa =>Possibilitar completa modelagem, implanta??o e opera??o de aplica??o atrav?s da representa??o dos recursos de sw e SO consistente e integrada que suporte os objetivos de neg?cio de maneira mais direta System z9 ? MAINFRAME Como parte dessa estrat?gia, a IBM anuncia que estar? estendendo as funcionalidades de zSeries para torn?-lo o integrador dessa malha global nas 3 ?reas citadas ? Seguran?a e resili?ncia, Ger?ncia e Resili?ncia - aproveitando as capacidades atuais que j? est?o sedimentadas na plataforma. Em Seguran?a e Resili?ncia: Aproveitar a alta disponibilidade atual da plataforma, ger?nciamento inteligente de recursos por prioridade e a capacidade de seguran?a e integridade de dados Inicialmente: Estender GDPS para ambientes heterog?neos e ambientes de site ?nico Possibilitar associa??o de ativos e recursos para mapear processos de neg?cio Estender a habilidade de prover integra??o de seguran?a atrav?s do uso de technologias abertas Estender essas capacidades para o mundo On Demand: Provendo capacidade de monitorar fun??es de neg?cio e identificar a??es apropriadas de recupera??o Estender a resili?ncia de zSeries para plataformas heterog?neas atrav?s da utiliza??o interfaces comuns Capacitando zSeries para liderar a ger?ncia de ativos e recursos heterog?neos Vis?o de futuro: =>Tornar-se o ?Cofre Seguro? da empresa atrav?s da ger?ncia automatizada de zSeries baseada no suporte ? politicas de neg?cio para ativos e recursos heterog?neos =>Tornar-se a ?Autoridade Confi?vel? da empresa atrav?s da lideran?a de Seguran?a de zSeries com o ODEO Em Ger?ncia: Aproveitar a capacidade atual de ger?ncia automatizada de cargas diversas e recursos do sistema baseada em pol?ticas de neg?cio e objetivos de performance de cargas, ger?ncia inteligente de recursos que possibilita altos ?ndices de utiliza??o da m?quina e a capacidade de virtualiza??o. Foco Inicial: =>Possibilitar a participa??o de zSeries na ger?ncia completa de recursos em ambientes heterog?neos Prover visibilidade dos recursos de zSeries no ambiente heterog?neo Estender essas capacidades para o mundo On Demand: =>Prover capacidade de monitoramento e ger?ncia dos recursos como parte de um ambiente heterog?neo e identifica??o de a??es apropriadas =>Prover disponibiliza??o din?mica de infraestrutura para aplica??es Vis?o de Futuro: =>Tornar-se o Gerenciador inteligente de Neg?cio disponibilizando o ambiente servidor mais resiliente para fun??es de ger?ncia de miss?o cr?tica automatizadas =>Disponibilizar integra??o completa na plataforma para prover um ambiente otimizado para hospedar servi?os de aplica??o de miss?o cr?tica virtualizados Em Integra??o: Aproveitar a capacidade de integra??o de ativos em todo ambiente zSeries de cargar mistas, lideran?a no ambiente de dados de miss?o cr?tica e processamento de transa??es eintegra??o e otimiza??o profunda de hardware, software e middleware. Foco Inicial: =>Capacitar o zSeries para servi?os web com suporte a SOA =>Maior integra??o da plataforma com ambiente Java atrav?s de zAAPs Estender essas capacidades para o mundo On Demand: =>Estender o ferramental para mapear consistentementeos requerimentos de neg?cio para prover infraestrutura para impementa??o e opera??o =>Gerenciar aplica??es em todas as plataformas de maneira consistente e otimizada para zSeries =>Posicionar zSeries como um componente cr?tico para o barramento empresarial de neg?cios explorando as capacidades de integra??o e ger?ncia da plataforma Vis?o de Futuro: =>Prover um hub para aplica??es e dados de miss?o cr?tica atrav?s do fortalecimento das capacidades de integra??o da plataforma e possibilitando um fortalecimento da integra??o de plataformas da empresa =>Possibilitar completa modelagem, implanta??o e opera??o de aplica??o atrav?s da representa??o dos recursos de sw e SO consistente e integrada que suporte os objetivos de neg?cio de maneira mais direta

23. | 23 Quote from Baldor: ?Weighing heavily in support of the mainframe was its track record. There hadn?t been any mainframe downtime since 1997? Three years ago, Shackelford had investigated migrating to a Windows server environment with cluster fail-over. ?We thought we were going to save a ton of money?, but the systems crashed all the time, he noted and the idea was quickly abandoned.? Quote from Baldor: ?Weighing heavily in support of the mainframe was its track record. There hadn?t been any mainframe downtime since 1997? Three years ago, Shackelford had investigated migrating to a Windows server environment with cluster fail-over. ?We thought we were going to save a ton of money?, but the systems crashed all the time, he noted and the idea was quickly abandoned.?

24. 24 Toda essa estrat?gia refor?a o Mainframe Charter do ano passado que prometia cont?nuos investimentos na plataforma zSeries. 2003Toda essa estrat?gia refor?a o Mainframe Charter do ano passado que prometia cont?nuos investimentos na plataforma zSeries. 2003

25. 25 Lista de Clientes e Parceiros de Neg?cio IBM. Distribuidores Ingram Micro, A??o Inform?tica, CPM, MainlineLista de Clientes e Parceiros de Neg?cio IBM. Distribuidores Ingram Micro, A??o Inform?tica, CPM, Mainline

26. 26 Mercado de Trabalho Estima-se a necessidade de pelo menos 20 mil profissionais em mainframe at? 2010. Em torno de 15% no Brasil. Clientes dobraram suas instala??es de System z nos ?ltimos 5 anos O Brasil est? inserido neste cen?rio tamb?m. As oportunidades existentes T?cnico Comercial Parceiros Clientes IBM

27. 27 Por que Mainframe? Empregabilidade Mainframe processa 80% de todos os dados globais. 95% dos dados do sistema financeiro/seguros mundial s?o processados em mainframe. Global Delivery (servi?os em mainframe), foco no BRIC (Brasil, Russia, ?ndia e China). 60% dos dados acessados via web est?o em mainframe. Quase 100% das 100 maiores empresas globais utilizam mainframe. M?o de obra escassa (IBM e Mercado), devido a grande demanda e pouca forma??o de profissionais.

28. 28 Alguns dados sobre mainframe Os 25 maiores bancos do mundo possuem mainframe. 23 dos 25 maiores varejistas mundiais tamb?m. 9 das 10 maiores empresas seguradoras globais usam. Os 7 maiores bancos brasileiros usam. As 3 maiores empresas de telecomunica??es do Brasil. Os grandes datacenters brasileiros, p?blicos e privados tamb?m. Linux roda em mainframe. Um ?nico mainframe pode rodar milhares de m?quinas Linux virtuais ao mesmo tempo. Mais de 1300 aplica??es de empresas desenvolvedoras no mundo todo rodam em mainframe.

29. 29 F?bricas de Software IBM Brasil 2500 profissionais

30. 30 Porcentagem de demanda por perfil profissional This chart highlights Brazil current skill capability in Application Maintenance and Development Skills. The IBM account work also allows IBM to develop skills that can be later rotated to our customer accounts.This chart highlights Brazil current skill capability in Application Maintenance and Development Skills. The IBM account work also allows IBM to develop skills that can be later rotated to our customer accounts.

32. 32 Oportunidades de Empregos/Est?gios na IBM BrasilOportunidades de Empregos/Est?gios na IBM Brasil

33. 33

34. 34 Educa??o em mainframe no mundo Parceria entre IBM e Institui??es de Ensino de todo o mundo. Mais de 250 institui??es oferecendo cursos de mainframe. Investimento da IBM em HUBs de mainframe (EUA, China, Brasil). Crescimento na oferta de recursos qualificados em mainframe no mercado de trabalho.

35. 35 Modelo HUB Unicamp

36. 36 Tela Inicial do Hub Unicamp

37. | 37

38. | 38 Perfis Demandados dos Profissionais com Forma??o em mainframe

39. 39 Video do AssaltoVideo do Assalto


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