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1. Laura Plantation By: Julie Viviano
History of Louisiana
3. How the Plantation was Established Guillaume DuParc fought under the Spanish military against the British. He was given land grants for his service which led him to St. James Parish. DuParc started a sugarcane plantation and built his home on the land around 1805. He then named it “DuParc Plantation”.
5. DuParc married Nanette Prud’ Homme and they had three children:, Flagy DuParc Elisabeth DuParc and, Louis DuParc.
DuParc’s wife took over the plantation when he died in 1808. Nanette had 17 slaves to operate along with the sugar cooperation and several other crops. She was the first of the four generations of women to take care of the DuParc plantation, but in 1829 she decided to retire leaving her kids in charge. The only one out of the kids that was reliable to take the responsibility was Elisabeth although the others did help. Elisabeth took care of all DuParc’s business transactions and the slaves. A woman in this time running a plantation didn’t have much of a social life that is why she married last of all three children.
6. Elisabeth DuParc and Raymond Locoul The couple married in 1822 at the St. Louis Cathedral in New Orleans. They started out as a wealthy couple because Raymond expanded his wine market from France to Louisiana and Elisabeth was one of the partners of DuParc sugar plantation until both of her brothers died. She and Raymond had two children: Emile Locoul and Aimee Locoul. Raymond Locoul died of Cholera around 1850. By this time Elisabeth was running a very successful sugar plantation so she expanded the land acreage to house the many slaves she bred.
7. Then and Now Slave Quarters in 1840’s Slave Quarters still standing 2009
8. Desiree Archinard & Emile LocoulEngagement pictures.
9. Emile Locoul and Desiree Archinard This couple is Laura Locoul’s parents. They were very generous people. Elisabeth Locoul despised her son Emile Locoul because he was a ‘nigger spoiler”. In other words, Desiree and Emile were too nice to their slaves. Emile also wanted to be a lawyer and his mother forbidded it because it would embarrass the family . A man in those days should be business owners. Therefore, Elisabeth said that she would have to sell the family business. Emile thought about his mother’s ultimatum and married Desiree Archinard. “ In Creole Louisiana, marriage and an heir would give him the lawful recourse that he needed against Elisabeth’s threat of disinheritance (Laura Locoul).” Now Emile had to have a child in order to keep his inheritance of the family fortune so they had Laura Locoul.
10. How the Duparc Plantation became “The Laura” Laura Locoul was born in1861 on the Duparc Plantation. Laura had a little brother named George in 1864. Emile’s sister Aimee and her family lived in the big house as well. Elisabeth, the grandmother never gave Laura nor George the time or day of loving and attention. Emile’s mother favored Aimees’s children because they despised his marriage to Laura’s mother. Of course Emile and Aimee’s husband Ivan de Lobel did not get along because of the fight for inherence of the Duparc plantation. Grandmother Locoul finally decided to divide the plantation between Emile and Aimee. This caused so much controversy because Emile and Ivan had to share the sugar mill until another was built. After the new sugar mill was built Emile Locoul had a big celebration and Laura’s cousin, Lily LeGendre thought of the name “The Laura”. Emile Locoul declared to change his half of the Duparc Plantation to “The Laura Plantation” which resides today. In the mean time, Aimee and her family moved about two miles down the river.
11. The Sugar Mill In 1880’s
12. Laura Locoul
13. Laura Locoul was asked to be one of Julia Braughn’s maids of honor for the Rex Ball.
14. Life on the Plantation
15. This is a copy of an advertisement in the Louisiana Courier newspaper.
16. A Day on the Plantation
17. Br’er Rabbit Folklore
19. Laura Locoul in Later Years
20. The Final Years of the Plantation Desiree Locoul was having a hard time keeping up with the business and the big house. The Laura Plantation became run down so it was time to sell.
21. The Selling of The Plantation The plantation was sold on March 14 of 1891 under the conditions that the name will always remain “The Laura”. Laura’s mother and siblings moved to St. Louis to be close to Laura and her three children. Laura’s mother died in 1911.
22. The Last Years of Charles & Laura Gore Charles died of arteriosclerosis in 1922 and poor Laura became ill there after. Before her memory was gone she decided to write a book of her memories of the plantation life. The book was called “Memories of the Old Plantation Home” dedicated to her three children so they would know about their past generations. Laura Locoul Gore died at 101 years old in 1963 and she was buried in St. Louis along with her husband.
23. What Happened to the Old Plantation In 1891 the Florian Waguespack Family bought the plantation. The house was passed down through the Waguespack family until 1980. The plantation was forgotten until 1988 when an architecture professor by the name of Eugene Cizek noticed the site. He presented the site to a historical preservationist, Norman Marmillion.
24. Still Stands Today The plantation is open to the public remaining under the name “The Laura”. People may tour, dine, sleep and entertain on the Laura Plantation.
25. Preserving “The Laura” With the help of about 30 investors the plantation was estimated to cost 1.3 million dollars and a construction period of five years. Norman Marmillion was the general manager and would open to the public for tours and dining in 1994. The plantation was so famous among all others because of the six slave cabins still shown today. Also Norman and his wife Sand Marmillion traveled to get original pieces of furniture ,pictures and many heirlooms that were sold of the generations who lived in the plantation. There were so many documents left to put together to see the whole story of the plantation life along with Laura Locoul Gore’s book.
26. Acknowledgements Have you ever heard of the saying, “never judge a book by it’s cover”? I did that by judging The laura Plantation. Driving pass the plantation while viewing others it did not appear to be the traditional antebellum plantation, therefore it didn’t interest me. I would like to give thanks to my professor, Mitzell Nelson for suggesting this research topic. I now appreciate this plantation more than any other since I've researched the routes of true Creole life. This plantation is not one to pass up, in fact it is the most authentic style of plantations with history.
27. Works Cited http://www.travelblog.org/North-America/United-States/Louisiana/New-Orleans/blog-379471.html
Memories of the Old Plantation Home & A Creole Family Album by Laura Locoul Gore commentary by Norman and Sand Marmillion (Book)