The Situation of Muslims in the Philippines & YOUNG MUSLIM FILIPINOS PEACEBUILDING EFFORTS. Shahana E. Abdulwahid Graduate Student, Institute of Islamic Studies Student Regent, University of the Philippines. Outline of Discussion.
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The Situation of Muslims in the Philippines
YOUNG MUSLIM FILIPINOSPEACEBUILDING EFFORTS
Shahana E. Abdulwahid
Graduate Student, Institute of Islamic Studies
Student Regent, University of the Philippines
Outline of Discussion
Mindanao – Southern Philippines
Muslims in the Philippines
2005 Mda Population: 20.23 M 24.1 % of Phil. population estimated at 84.2 million
Davao Region: largest population with 4.09 million
CARAGA: Region with lowest population, 2.44 million people
Source: National Statistics Office
*Created into a region under RA No. 7901, dated
23 Feb. 1995, and taken from Regions 10 and 11.
Understanding Muslims’ Filipinos History
Land Initiatives and Controversies
Land registration Act No 496 –
Public Land Act No. 718
Public Act 926 enacted in October 1903
Cadastral Act of 1907
Acts 2254 and 2280 of 1913
The Moros who were mostly uneducated and did not want to recognize any new laws failed to register their lands
Legislative Act. No. 4197 of February 12, 1935 (Qurino Colonization) - Deployment of settlers to Moroland legitimized the taking Morolands
Commonwealth Act No. 141 Sec. 84 provides “ all Moro landholdings as public lands”
By a simple piece of legislation, the Moros became landless and were deprived of their ancestral land holdings.
The Moro National Liberation Front (MNLF) was organized under the leadership of Nur Misuari on November 14, 1972.
In 1977, Hashim Salamat broke away from the MNLF and organized the MILF (Moro Islamic Liberation Front)
President Ferdinand E. Marcos (1965-1986)
The regime’s initial response to the MNLF was military
1975 marked the beginning of the MNLF-GRP peace talks that led to the signing of Tripoli Agreement in 1976 (unimplemented)
Signing into law PD 1083 otherwise known as the Muslim Personal Laws in the Philippines in
Creation of the OMA and Amanah Bank
President Corazon C. Aquino (1986 – 1992)
Jeddah Accord 1987
RA 6734 Organic Act for ARMM, August 1, 1989
President Fidel V. Ramos ( 1992-1998)
1995 Interim Agreement – third round of formal peace talks between the GRP and the MNLF with the participation of the Ministerial Committee of Six and the Secretary General of the OIC. ( held in Jakarta, Indonesia on December 1)
1996 Final Peace Agreement
Establishment of SZOPAD (Special Zone for Peace and Development) and SPCPD (Southern Philippines Council for Peace and Development)
Integration Program (Former MNLF integrated to the AFP)
President Joseph E. Estrada (1998-2001)
All out war against the MILF in 2000
Suspension of Peace Process
Declaration of Jihad by MILF chairman against the Philippine Government
Fall of 47 major and satellite MILF camps i.e. Camp Abubakar
President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo
Ten point agenda program
Full Implementation of RA 9054 in Support to the 1996 GRP-MNLF Peace Agreement
DepED Order No. 51, s. 2004. ARMM had adopted the national standard curriculum by virtue of ARMM RG Executive Order No. 13-A, s. 2004.
Resumption of the MILF peace talks
Declared a unilateral cease-fire and initiated exploratory talks with the MILF and responded favorably to the three conditions:
that the talks be mediated by the OIC or by an OIC member country
that the parties comply with the terms of past agreements;
and that the talks be held in a foreign venue. (Malaysia took an active role as third-party facilitator in the exploratory phases held in Kuala Lumpur)
The region of Mindanao , particularly Muslim and the Indigenous Peoples (Ips) dominated – i.e. the ARMM , Caraga, Regions 9 and 12 – continue to experience economic, social and political constraints that severely limit their full participation in the development process.
Formations of Some Youth Organizations
Inititatives and Youth-initiated Projects
Youth organizations gather during summer and breaks to conduct cleanups and hold consultations in Muslim areas
Muslim medical students hold regular medical missions in non-Muslim communities.
Women have special concerns in the community. The theme of the seminars usually focus on the role of women in community building.
Convening youth organizations to come up with resolutions pertaining Muslim-Christian-Indigenous concerns and issues
Loobying to public officials re issues and concerns of the Muslims in the Philippines. Muslim youth organizations have taken active participation in this endevour.
This annual affair showcases rich culture of Muslims in the Philippines
Youth organizations hold regular interfaith meetings to discuss pertinent and current issues
Roundtable discussions, leadership and peacebuilding seminars regularly conducted for Muslim youth
High Mortality Rate due to conflict
Low life span compared to counterparts in other parts of the country
Technological, Economic, Social, Political Concerns
Poor social, health services delivered