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The Asian Broad Bans:. Laws affecting freedom of expression on the Internet. BURMA . Computer Science Development Law 1996 Web Regulation 2000 Emergency Provision Act 1950 Official Secrets Act 1923 State Protection Law 1975. CHINA.

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the asian broad bans

The Asian Broad Bans:

Laws affecting freedom of expression on the Internet

burma
BURMA
  • Computer Science Development Law 1996
  • Web Regulation 2000
  • Emergency Provision Act 1950
  • Official Secrets Act 1923
  • State Protection Law 1975
china
CHINA
  • Complex series of laws and regulations that control the access to and publication of material online.
  • Over 60 online writers have been detained.
  • Most of them were imprisoned and charged under the Criminal Code.
  • pornography on the Internet (State Council Order No.195, 1 February 1996)
  • Other laws: Law on Protection of State Secret
india and pakistan
INDIA and PAKISTAN
  • India
    • IT Act (2000) regulates e-commerce, hacking, privacy
    • Yahoo website was blocked for promoting sedition.
  • Pakistan
    • censors “anti-Islamic” and “blasphemous” websites.
    • In March 2006, Supreme Court directed government to block internet sites displaying sacrilegious cartoons.
    • Laws that can be used: Penal Code, Maintenance of Public Order ordinance, Anti-terrorism law
malaysia
MALAYSIA
  • Communications and Multimedia Act
  • Penal Code/Blasphemy
  • Internal Security Act
  • Official Secrets Act
  • Sedition Act
  • Defamation Act
  • College and University Act
singapore
SINGAPORE
  • Singapore\'s Internet content regulation depends primarily on access controls (such as requiring political sites to register for a license) and legal pressures (such as defamation lawsuits and the threat of imprisonment)
  • Telecommunication Act
  • Bloggers registration with theMedia Development Authority (MDA) if they want to openly and regularly defend a political line.
  • During election: no online discussion about politics at all.
  • Other laws: Official Secrets Act, Sedition Act, Internal Security Act
vietnam
VIETNAM
  • Internet Law
  • web content is extensively censored and email is monitored
  • 7 cyber-dissidents are in prison; most accused of spying and sentenced to up to 12 years in prison.
  • Criminal Code: spying (Article 80), propaganda against the Socialist Republic of Vietnam (Article 88); illegally using information in computer networks (Article 226)
  • Various decrees and directives
other asian countries
Other Asian Countries
  • Bangladesh: Official Secrets Act, Special Power Act, Defamation
  • Cambodia: UNTAC Penal Code, draft Penal Code (defamation and insult)
  • East Timor: draft Penal Code (criminal defamation)
  • Japan: Public Offices Election Law
  • Indonesia: criminal and civil defamation laws; Anti-terrorism law; draft Antipornography and pornaction
other asian countries9
Other Asian Countries
  • Nepal: revised TADO
  • Philippines: draft Anti-Terrorism bill, Penal Code (incitement to rebellion or insurrectiondefamation)
  • South Korea: law on viewing and distributing materials on the Internet, National Security Law
  • Sri Lanka: contempt of court
  • Thailand: Defamation laws in Criminal and Civil Codes.
conclusion
Conclusion
  • Bloggers and on-line media are vulnerable to legal prosecution.
  • Defamation, sedition, OSA, ISA, anti-terrorism laws can be used to repress on-line FOE.
want to know more
Want to know more?
  • http://www.article19.org/publications/regions/asia/index.html
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