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Shelter or Evacuate? Alan Goodwin Deputy Chief Constable ACPO Emergency Procedures Committee

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Shelter or Evacuate? Alan Goodwin Deputy Chief Constable ACPO Emergency Procedures Committee. Introduction. Risk Based Planning – National/Regional/Local Civil Contingencies Act 2004 Duty to produce Community Risk Register Duty to plan and exercise accordingly

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Presentation Transcript
slide1
Shelter or Evacuate?

Alan Goodwin

Deputy Chief Constable

ACPO Emergency Procedures Committee

introduction
Introduction
  • Risk Based Planning – National/Regional/Local
  • Civil Contingencies Act 2004
    • Duty to produce Community Risk Register
    • Duty to plan and exercise accordingly
  • Shelter and Evacuation as options
  • Generic considerations
    • No Case Studies – valuable to workshop discussions
national risk assessment
National Risk Assessment
  • “Mass” Evacuation
    • National advice or decision making involved
    • Highly unlikely due to risks involved
  • Large Scale Evacuation
    • Regional/National support may be needed
    • E.g. Flooding, Transport/Utilities failure, industrial accidents, acts of terrorism.
local planning
Local Planning
  • Much already in place
    • COMAH, Sports venues, City/Town Centres
  • Scaleable Flexibility
    • Generic planning capable of scaling up/down
  • Quality Assurance
    • Interdependencies, conflicts, integration with neighbouring areas
    • Planning & Exercising regime
purpose of evacuation
Purpose of Evacuation
  • “To move people and, where appropriate, other living creatures away from an actual or potential danger to a safer place.”(CCS Draft Guidance unpublished)
  • Always the preferred option?
shelter or evacuate
Shelter or Evacuate?
  • Often better to shelter in buildings in response to events.
  • Challenges of Shelter
    • Supporting dependent people in their homes.
    • Maintenance of key services.
    • Potential for spontaneous self-evacuation.
    • Rational people doing irrational things.
  • Decision for Gold Commander based on prevailing circumstances. Dynamic Risk Assessment.
shelter or evacuate7
Shelter or Evacuate?
  • Evacuation requires a well co-ordinated multi agency response.
  • People require to leave their homes must be supported and reassured.
  • Considerations:
    • Where are they going to?
    • How will we get them there?
    • How long will they be there for?
    • How will they and their homes be protected?
    • How will we communicate with them and others affected by the evacuation?
  • Plan before the Decision!
planning considerations 1
Planning Considerations (1)
  • Logistics
    • are the necessary resources available to deliver the plan? (e.g. are individual elements predicated upon the same police resources?)
    • Is there a reliance on military MACA? Is it realistic?
  • Infrastructure
    • Is the necessary transport infrastructure still in place?
    • Are key communications channels still available?
  • People and Places
    • Vulnerable people in communities
    • High risk premises – hospitals, prisons, schools.
planning considerations 2
Planning Considerations (2)
  • Command & Control Arrangements
    • Strategic Coordinating Group (“Gold”)
    • Role of Regional Government Office
    • Central Government arrangements (CONOPS)
  • Mutual Aid Arrangements
    • Police - PNICC activation
    • Local Authorities - reciprocal resource sharing
  • Role of Voluntary Sector
    • Transportation
    • Assistance at rest centres
    • Social and welfare support
  • Media Strategy
    • Key Messages
    • Access to evacuees
legal considerations
Legal Considerations
  • Compulsory Evacuation?
    • No Police Powers to order evacuation
    • CC Act Emergency Powers? Unlikely (e.g. Triton)
    • US experience – mandatory evacuation problematic
    • Effective & persuasive media strategies essential.
  • Local Authority Housing Duty?
    • Displaced people but for how long?
    • Relationship with outsourced housing providers?
  • Animal Welfare?
    • Legislation relating to livestock, zoos and pets.
    • How DO we evacuate a family of giraffes?
warning informing
Warning & Informing
  • Communication Strategies
    • Any decision to shelter or evacuate must be underpinned by a robust communication strategy.
    • People need to know what they need to do.
  • Duty under CC Act 2004
    • Local responders must have arrangements in place to warn and inform the public in times of emergency.
    • Utilise Regional Media Emergency Forum. Links to Government News Network.
    • Consider mirroring RMEF at Local level.
    • Exercise communication plans in their own right.
  • Role of Gold Command
    • Early delivery of communications strategy when considering shelter or evacuation.

www.preparingforemergencies.gov.uk

conclusion
Conclusion
  • Cabinet Office Evacuation Guidance
    • Conferences/Booklets now
    • Guidance/Policy issues early Summer
    • Will incorporate issues discussed today

BUT

  • Evacuation or Shelter is a Command Decision
    • Part of contingency planning wherever possible
    • Requires dynamic risk assessment as events unfold.
    • Consider short and long term impact of decisions.
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