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Russian Revolutionary Festivals: The Making of a New Time. Mark D. Steinberg. “365 Revolutionary Days” Building panel for the festival of the first anniversary of the October revolution, 7 November 1918.

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Russian Revolutionary Festivals: The Making of a New Time

Mark D. Steinberg

“365 Revolutionary Days”

Building panel for the festival of the first anniversary of the October revolution,

7 November 1918


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“The anniversary of the October Revolution became the first day of a new era”- Semen Rodov, a young Proletkult (Proletarian Culture movement) writer

Procession of workers, Petrograd, 7 November 1918

K. Petrov-Vodkin design for Theater Square, Petrograd, 7 November 1918


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“The anniversary of the October Revolution became the first day of a new era”- Semen Rodov, a young Proletkult (Proletarian Culture movement) writer

Mars Field illumination, Petrograd, 7 November 1918

V. and A. Vesnin, design for Trinity Tower entrance to Moscow Kremlin, 7 November 1918


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“The anniversary of the October Revolution became the first day of a new era”- Semen Rodov, a young Proletkult (Proletarian Culture movement) writer


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Designs for First Anniversary of October Revolution, 7 November 1918

Proletkult design for Smolny institute facade, Petrograd

Nikolai Tyrsa street decoration, Petrograd


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Andrei Rublev, November 1918Christ in Glory, (1410-1415)

Folk icon (around 1900)


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Kuz’ma Petrov-Vodkin, “Bathing of the Red Horse,” 1912 November 1918

Kazimir Malevich, Red Square, 1915



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Proletcult designed flag for Smolny November 1918

Mstislav Dobuzhinsky, design for the Admiralty, Petrograd

Engraving of Smolny institute (Bolshevik headquarters in Petrograd 1917)


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Natan Altman, Designs for Uritsky (formerly Palace) Square for first anniversary celebrations, 1918

“I did not seek harmony with the old but contrast with it.” – Natan Altman


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Alexander Column, November 1918 for first anniversary celebrations, 1918


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Arch at entry to Smolny for first anniversary celebrations, 1918 (slogan in light bulbs)

“Soviet Constitution” Obelisk, Moscow

“Triumph of Labor” Arch (Liteinyi St.)


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Banner at first anniversary procession, 7 November 1918

May Day 1921 poster

Banners at funeral for fallen in February revolution, 1917


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Sergei Gerasimov, 1918

“Lord of the Earth”

Panel for city Duma building, Moscow 1918





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Sergei Konënkov, “To Those Who Fell in the Struggle for Peace and the Brotherhood of Peoples” – unveiled 7 November 1918, Moscow Kremlin


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…Come down from the cross, Peace and the Brotherhood of Peoples” – unveiled 7 November 1918, Moscow Kremlin

crucified people

And be transformed . . .

Roar, land, with the final storm,

Gather for battle, for the feast,

Let a new day shine in the azure,

The old world transfigured.

-- from Mikhail Gerasimov, Sergei Esenin, and Sergei Klychkov, “Kantata” (1918)


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1. Saviors: titans, gods, and messiahs Peace and the Brotherhood of Peoples” – unveiled 7 November 1918, Moscow Kremlin

“To the Sorrow of All the Bourgeois We will Fan a World Conflagration,” 1918

“The Lord of the World will be Labor: Three Years of Proletarian Dictatorship,” 1920

Ignaty Nivinsky, “Red Lightning,” 1919


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from Peace and the Brotherhood of Peoples” – unveiled 7 November 1918, Moscow KremlinVladimir Kirillov, “Iron Messiah” (1918)

There he is—savior, master of the earth,

Multi-faced and insurgent.

He strides across the abyss of the seas.

Made of steel, undeviating and aspiring,

He scatters sparks of rebellious ideas,

And spews cleansing flames.

Wherever his powerful shout rings forth,

The depths of the earth reveal themselves,

Mountains give way in an instant before him,

The world's poles draw closer.…

A new sun he brings to the world…

He erases boundaries and borders.

With his crimson banner—symbol of struggle

We will crush the yoke of fate,

And capture enchanting paradise.

Boris Kustodiev, “The Bolshevik,” 1920


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“Let the ruling classes shudder before the communist revolution” (Poster for fifth anniversary of the revolution, 1922)

Gustav Klutsis, “Electrification of the Whole Country,” 1920


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“To World October” revolution”



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2. Wings Motherland,” 1935

Banner for Mars Field, Petrograd 1918: “Glory” in flight

Konënkov, “To Those Who Fell in the Struggle…”

7 November 1918, Moscow Kremlin

Wall decoration, first anniversary, Petrograd




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3. The solar myth of the revolution November 1918

“From Ruination to Creation”

Panel design by E. R. Eberling for anniversary celebrations, Petrograd 1918


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Typical solar-mythic imagery (“cosmism” “astronomic hyperbole”):

The “sun of the new Lord”

The “sun of universal love”

The “Sun of Eternity”

“A universal dawn”

“A new sun”

“Becoming the sun”

Alexander Apsit, “One Year of Proletarian Dictatorship” (1918)




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4. Apocalypse Itself!)” (1921)

Wall decoration by unknown artist, Petrograd, 1918:

“Revolutionary procession”


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“Mystery Bouffe” Itself!)” (1921)

7-9 November 1918

Text: Mayakovsky

Staging: Meyerhold

Set: Malevich

Mayakovsky in photo montage by Rodchenko, 1926


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V. Mayakovsky, design for “Mystery Bouffe,” 1918: Itself!)” (1921)

“The Promised Land”(обетованная страна)


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Lenin’s “Monumental propaganda,” 1918 (inspired by Campanella’s La città del Sole (1602))

Marx

Blanqui

Heine

Danton




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Vladimir Mother of God, 12 Campanella’s th century

Kuzma Petrov-Vodkin, “Petrograd, 1918” (1920)




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Vladimir Tatlin, “Monument to the Third International,” 1919-20

(Planned for third anniversary of the October revolution, Petrograd)


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Easter 1917 Poster (March) 1919-20

“Christ is risen” (traditional Easter greeting)

“Long live the republic!”


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“The Dead of the 1919-20PARIS COMMUNE have been Resurrected Under the Red Banner of the Soviets,” 1921



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