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I Thessalonians. Resurrection of the Dead. Stan Crowley Church of Christ at Buda/Kyle Buda, Texas December 1999-February 2000. I Thessalonians. Resurrection of the Dead Lesson 1: Introduction & Overview Lesson 2: Resounding of the Gospel (1:1-3:13)

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I Thessalonians

Resurrection of the Dead

Stan Crowley

Church of Christ at Buda/Kyle

Buda, Texas

December 1999-February 2000


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I Thessalonians

Resurrection of the Dead

  • Lesson 1: Introduction & Overview

  • Lesson 2: Resounding of the Gospel (1:1-3:13)

  • Lesson 3: Response to the Gospel (4:1-12)

  • Lesson 4: Resurrection of the Dead (4:13-5:11)

  • Lesson 5: Religious Duties (5:12-28)


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Lesson 1

Key Questions for

Introduction & Overview

  • Who was the author of I Thessalonians?

  • Who was the audience for I Thessalonians?

  • What was the occasion for writing I Thess.?

  • Where does I Thessalonians fit in Paul’s writings?

  • Outline of I Thessalonians.

  • What to remember from Lesson 1.


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Who was the author of I Thessalonians?

  • Paul wrote I Thessalonians.

    (1 Th 1:1 NKJV) Paul, Silvanus, and Timothy, To the church of the Thessalonians …

    (1 Th 2:18 NKJV) Therefore we wanted to come to you; even I, Paul, time and again; …

  • An Apostle

    (1 Th 2:6 NKJV) … when we might have made demands as apostles of Christ.

    (2 Cor 11:5 NKJV) For I consider that I am not at all inferior to the most eminent apostles.

    (2 Cor 12:11-12 NKJV) ... for in nothing was I behind the most eminent apostles, though I am nothing. Truly the signs of an apostle were accomplished among you …


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Who was the author of I Thessalonians?—Cont’d

  • A Jew (Pharisee taught by Gamaliel)

    (Acts 22:3 NKJV) "I am indeed a Jew, ... but brought up in this city at the feet of Gamaliel, ….

    (Phil 3:5 NKJV) ... concerning the law, a Pharisee;

  • A Persecutor of Christians

    (Acts 26:10-11 NKJV) … many of the saints I shut up in prison, ... and when they were put to death, I cast my vote against them. And I punished them often in every synagogue and compelled them to blaspheme …

  • A Convert to Christianity

    (Acts 9:15 NKJV) ... he is a chosen vessel ... to bear My name before Gentiles, kings, and the children of Israel.

    (Acts 26:19 NKJV) ... I was not disobedient to the heavenly vision,


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Major Milestones in Paul’s Life

  • 33-36 Persecuted the church

  • 36 Converted

  • 36-38 In Damascus & Arabia

  • 38-44 In Tarsus, Syria, & Cilicia

  • 44-48 In Antioch

  • 48-49 On 1st Missionary Journey

  • 50 At Jerusalem Conference

  • 51-54On 2nd Missionary Journey

  • 54-58 On 3rd Missionary Journey

  • 59-63 In prison

  • 63-67 Later travels

  • 68 In prison

  • 68 Death


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Paul’s 2nd Missionary Journey(AD 51-54)


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Who was the audience for I Thessalonians?

  • The “church of the Thessalonians”

    (1 Th 1:1 NKJV) Paul, Silvanus, and Timothy, To the church of the Thessalonians in God the Father and the Lord Jesus Christ: …

  • Thessalonica during the time of Paul:

    • Was a “free city” of Greek character.

    • Had a large settlement of Jews.

    • Was the largest city and “capital” of Macedonia (N. Greece).

    • Remained a stronghold of Christianity for centuries.

    • Modern Salonika has maintained importance.


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What was the occasion for writingI Thessalonians?

  • On his 2nd Missionary Journey, Paul had been “directed” to Macedonia.

    • He was not allowed to go to Asia or Bithynia.

      (Acts 16:6 NKJV) … they were forbidden by the Holy Spirit to preach the word in Asia.

      (Acts 16:7 NKJV) … they tried to go into Bithynia, but the Spirit did not permit them.

    • He progressed to Troas, where he was called by the Lord to go to Macedonia.

      (Acts 16:9 NKJV) And a vision appeared to Paul in the night. A man of Macedonia stood and pleaded with him, saying, “Come over to Macedonia and help us.”


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What was the occasion for writingI Thessalonians?—Cont’d

  • In Macedonia (N. Greece), Paul visited:

    • Philippi

      • Converted Lydia and a prisonkeeper

      • Was shamefully treated (Acts 16:22-37)

    • Thessalonica

      • Converted some Jews and many Greeks

      • Was supported by Philippians (Phil. 4:15-16)

      • Was threatened by uproar by envious Jews

      • Left abruptly at night (with Silas) for Berea

    • Berea

      • Converted Jews and Greeks (noble students)

      • Was harassed by Jews from Thessalonica

      • Went to Athens (Silas and Timothy stayed)


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What was the occasion for writingI Thessalonians?—Cont’d


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What was the occasion for writingI Thessalonians?—Cont’d

  • In Achaia (S. Greece), Paul visited:

    • Athens

      • Disputed with Jews in synagogue

      • Spoke to Areopagus about the “unknown God”

      • Sent Timothy to Thessalonica (when he arrived from Berea)

      • Moved on to Corinth

    • Corinth

      • Worked as tentmaker (with Aquila and Priscilla)

      • Wrote 1 Thessalonians (when Timothy arrived from Thessalonica in Macedonia; Silas also returned from Macedonia)


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What was the occasion for writingI Thessalonians?—Cont’d

  • Timothy’s report:

    • Brought good new about the faithfulness of the Thessalonians

    • Implied some were discrediting Paul and his ministry

    • Caused concerns about their emphasis on moral purity

    • Revealed misunderstanding about the resurrection of the dead and the return of Christ

    • Prompted the writing of I Thessalonians from Corinth about 52 AD (about the time Gallio was proconsul of Achaia, Acts 18:5)


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60

50

70

The Period of Paul’s Writings (52-68)

I Thess.

I & II Cor., Gal.

I Tim. & Titus

57

52

62

67

Eph., Phil.,

Col., Phm.

58

53

68

II Thess.

Rom.

II Tim.

Death

67--

61----- 63

-----------

48-49

51------- 54

------------- 58

68

First

Journey

Second Journey

Third Journey

In

Prison

Later

Travels

In

Prison

Where does I Thessalonians fit in Paul’s writings?

Dates are primarily from Life and Epistles of St. Paul, Conybeare and Howson.


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Outline of I Thessalonians: Resurrection of the Dead

I. Resounding of the Gospel(1:1-3:13)

A. Receipt of Gospel (1:1-2:16)

B. Report of Timothy (2:17-3:13)

II. Response to the Gospel(4:1-12)

III. Resurrection of the Dead(4:13-5:11)

A. Return of Jesus Christ (4:13-5:5)

B. Remaining Watchful (5:6-11)

IV. Religious Duties(5:12-28)

A. Respect for Others (5:12-15)

B. Remaining Faithful (5:16-28)


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What to Remember

From Introduction & Overview

  • I Thessalonians was likely the first written of Paul’s letter we have in the Bible (about AD 52).

  • Thessalonica was in Macedonia, where Paul was directed to go preach the gospel.

  • I Thessalonians was prompted by Paul receiving a report about them from Timothy indicating that they:

    • were remaining faithful in spite of opposition,

    • could use some instruction about the resurrection of the dead and return of Christ,

    • needed some admonitions to purity.


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