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Four Things You Should Do to Your Computer Today. Don Yarman OLC IT Division OLC Chapter Conferences Spring 2007. The Four Things. Automatic Updates Firewall Anti-Virus Plus: A little discussion of spam & phishing filters That’s all I’m saying; you may go about your business.

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Four things you should do to your computer today l.jpg

Four Things You Should Do to Your Computer Today

Don Yarman

OLC IT Division

OLC Chapter Conferences

Spring 2007

The four things l.jpg
The Four Things

  • Automatic Updates

  • Firewall

  • Anti-Virus

    Plus:A little discussion of spam & phishing filters

    That’s all I’m saying; you may go about your business.

    If you need to know more or want to argue, please stay.

My objectives l.jpg
My Objectives

  • Doing anything is better than doing nothing.

  • My recommendations may not be the absolute “best” thing you can do -- that’s a moving target anyway.

  • I’ll present a baseline of what you must do, some recommendations of how to do it, and we’ll discuss what you can do above and beyond the minimum.

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Credit where it’s due

  • OPLINTECH list, 30 June 2004“How to keep your PC spyware and malware free for nothing!”Jim Kenzig, Cuyahoga County PL

  • “Security Baseline”

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What I’m talking about

  • Personal computers (at home or library)

  • Windows operating system (esp. XP)

  • Any Internet connection (esp. broadband)

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1. Enable Automatic Updates

  • Latest service packs and hotfixes

  • To enable:

    • Go to your Control Panel (Start>Settings>)

    • Automatic Updates or Security Center

    • Second or Third radio button

      • Second option? You have to install

      • Third button not good choice if you don’t have broadband at home

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Older PC without Automatic Updates

  • You can try updating manually , but Microsoft no longer supports Windows 98

  • WARNING:New Microsoft Update includes Office(Do you know where your Office disks are?)

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2. Install a good firewall

  • Enable Windows Firewall.

  • [Automatically enabled in Service Pack 2]

  • Directions on Microsoft site

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Not Windows XP?

  • Obtain good software or purchase router with a hardware firewall

  • Norton Internet Security 2007(PC Mag Editor’s choice)

  • recommends Linksys hardware firewallsandZoneAlarm Internet Security Suite

  • With software firewalls, the first time that you run any program that tries to access the Internet, a pop-up will ask if you want to allow it. (You will be amazed).

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3. Maintain Antivirus

  • No excuses.

  • Review leaders: says“Scot’s Newsletter,,”

    • Best: Kaspersky (compatibility conflicts) NOD32 (usability complaints)

    • Worst: McAfee and Grisoft AVG; Norton mixed

    • Free: AOL Active Virus Shieldhttp://www.activevirusshield.comGrisoft AVG Free edition

  • Spend the money. Update definitions daily.

Windowsecrets com security baseline l.jpg Security Baseline

  • Hardware FirewallLinksys Wireless-G WRT54GL

  • Security SuiteZoneAlarm Internet Security Suite

  • Antispyware ProgramWebroot Spy Sweeper

  • Update ManagementWindows Automatic Update

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3.5. Remove Ad/Spyware

  • Best: SpyWare Sweeper

  • Runner Up: Spyware Doctor

  • Free: Microsoft Windows Defender http://www.windowsdefender.comAd-Aware SE Personal

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Spam & Phishing

  • Bad News:

    • Spamming has grown beyond exponentially

    • “Phishing” has become a severe problem

  • Good News:

    • Browsers, email clients, and anti-virus software are now more holistic, and protection measures overlap.

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Bottom line:Updates Updates Updates

  • Critical updates to your operating system

  • Access updates in your firewall rules

  • Definition updates for your antivirus

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Other things that help

  • Spam management

    • Yarmando loves Gmail

  • Pop-up blockers

    • AdBlock and FlashBlock

  • Get off the bandwagon

    • Use Firefox (Thunderbird is nice too)

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  • OPLINTECH list unofficial member list of the OLC IT division

  • This presentation is available online at