Early greece
Download
1 / 44

Early Greece - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 457 Views
  • Updated On :

Early Greece. Aegean Culture. Cyclades Islands Bronze tools Imaginative/humorous pottery Marble statues/idols Peaceful fishing / agriculture society. Bronze Age in Crete. Arthur Evans, 1894-1900 Crete King Minos / Knossos Early Minoan Increasing growth Scattered Towns. [Image 1.22]

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Early Greece' - Melvin


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

Aegean culture l.jpg
Aegean Culture

Cyclades Islands

  • Bronze tools

  • Imaginative/humorous pottery

  • Marble statues/idols

  • Peaceful fishing / agriculture society


Bronze age in crete l.jpg
Bronze Age in Crete

  • Arthur Evans, 1894-1900

  • Crete

    • King Minos / Knossos

  • Early Minoan

    • Increasing growth

    • Scattered Towns


Slide6 l.jpg

[Image 1.22]

Palace of Minos at Knossos


Middle minoan l.jpg
Middle Minoan

  • Evolution of large urban centers

  • Art = lively and colorful

  • Little interest in monumental art

  • Writing system of hieroglyphic signs


Slide10 l.jpg

[Image 1.25]

Wasp Pendant


Late minoan l.jpg
Late Minoan

  • Period of rebuilding after earthquakes

  • High point of Minoan culture

  • Linear A / Linear B writing

  • Religion centered upon mother goddess connected with fertility


Slide12 l.jpg

[Image 1.27]

Snake Goddess


Slide15 l.jpg

[Image 1.28]

Funerary Mask


Mycenaean culture l.jpg
Mycenaean Culture

  • Heinrich Schliemann, 1870-1873

    • The Trojan War (1250 B.C.E.)

  • Strongly influenced by Minoan Culture

  • Art = preoccupied with death and war

  • Fall of the Mycenaean empire (1200 B.C.E.)


History of early greece l.jpg
History of Early Greece

Three Main Periods

  • The Heroic Age

  • The Age of Colonization

  • The Archaic Period


The heroic age l.jpg
The Heroic Age

  • Religious Worldview

    • Civic (city-state deities)

    • Private (chthonic deities)

  • Urban Lifestyle

    • Polis

    • Acropolis

    • Agora

  • Human – not divine Solutions


Slide20 l.jpg

[Image 2.1]

Zeus (Poseidon?)


The iliad the odyssey l.jpg
The Iliad & The Odyssey

  • “the Homeric question”

  • Oral Tradition

    • Epithets

  • Iliad

    • Theme of Human Responsibility

    • Elaborate Similes

  • Odyssey

    • Return of the Epic Hero


The iliad l.jpg
The Iliad

Greeks:

Achilles

Agamemnon

Menelaus

Helen

Patroclus

Trojans:

Hektor

Paris

Priam

Key Players:

Thetis

The Gods


Themes l.jpg
Themes

  • Anger

  • War

  • Glory

  • Honor


The odyssey l.jpg
The Odyssey

  • Continues after the Trojan War

  • Odysseus’ journey home to Ithica

  • Hero’s returns despite trials


Art and heroic age society l.jpg
Art and Heroic Age Society

  • Painted Vases

    • Protogeometric (1000-900 B.C.E.)

      • Concentric circles, semi-circles

    • Geometric (900-700 B.C.E.)

      • Linear designs, the meander

      • Human Forms (~800 B.C.E.)

  • Amphora /Amphorae


Age of colonization l.jpg
Age of Colonization

  • Prosperity of City-States

    • Competition, Image

  • Wealth + Over-Population = Colonization

    • Italy, Sicily, Egypt, Asia Minor

  • Trade and Cultural Exposure

    • Orientalizing


Visual arts at corinth and athens l.jpg
Visual Artsat Corinth and Athens

  • Corinthian Art

    • Eastern Motifs

    • Commercially Successful

  • Athenian Art

    • Narrative style (Myth, Daily Life)

  • Trade Rivalry: Corinth vs. Athens


The beginnings of greek sculpture l.jpg
The Beginnings ofGreek Sculpture

  • Heavy Egyptian influence

  • Kore / Korai (Female)

  • Kouros / Kouroi (Male)

  • Increasing Realism, Naturalism

    • Careful study of human anatomy

    • Representation of Life and vigor


Sculpture and painting in the archaic period l.jpg
Sculpture and Painting in the Archaic Period

  • Tyrants / Artistic Patronage

  • Artistic Developments

    • Freestanding Figures

    • The “Archaic Smile”

    • Vase Painting

      • Black- and Red-Figure Styles


Slide32 l.jpg

[Image 2.9]

Calf-Bearer


Slide33 l.jpg

[Image 2.13]

Kritios Boy


Slide35 l.jpg

[Image 2.15]

Euphronios, painter, Euxitheos, potter, red-figure calyx krater


Architecture the doric order l.jpg
Architecture:The Doric Order

  • Simple dignity

  • No Base/20 flutes

  • Capital

    • Echinus, Abacus

  • Entablature

    • Architrave, frieze, triglyphs/metopes

  • Cornice, Pediment


Slide37 l.jpg

[Image 2.16]

Basilica at Paestum


Architecture the ionic order l.jpg
Architecture:The Ionic Order

  • Ornate, fanciful

  • Tiered Base/24 flutes

  • Capital

    • Volutes

  • 3-D Architraves

  • Running Frieze


Literature l.jpg
Literature

  • Lyric verse vs. Heroic verse

    • Sappho

  • Herodotus (Father of History)

    • History of the Persian Wars

    • Right over Might

    • Hubris


Protagoras l.jpg
Protagoras

“Man is the measure of all things, of the existence of those that exist, and the nonexistence of those that do not”

First culture to be human-centered.


Pre socratic philosophy l.jpg
Pre-Socratic Philosophy

  • Materialists

    • Explain phenomena through elements

    • Thales – water

    • Anaxagoras – reason

  • Pythagoranism

    • Mathematics - underlying principle of the universe / moral life


Pre socratic philosophy43 l.jpg
Pre-Socratic Philosophy

  • Dualists

    • Two universes

      • One of perfection - Reason (unseen)

      • One of change (temporal)

  • Atomists

    • Unchanging Reality consists of small unseen particles (atoms) in the void


Chapter 2 discussion questions l.jpg
Chapter 2: Discussion Questions

  • What significant differences exist between the cultures of the iron age and those of the bronze age? Explain.

  • Consider the role of religion in Early Greece. What does Early Greek theology suggest about the concerns of the society? Explain.

  • What were the causes for and the results of Greek colonization? Cite specific examples.

  • Explain the new directions of art in the Archaic Period. What do these changes suggest about the culture that was producing and patronizing this art?


ad