Diabetes
Download
1 / 24

Diabetes in Oman - Home - Bibliotheca Alexandrina - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 350 Views
  • Updated On :

Diabetes National Diabetes Control Programme National Diabetes Control Committee with members from MOH and outside National Policy for the control of diabetes Regional diabetologists - focal points. Diabetes in primary care Mini diabetes clinics Standard guidelines

Related searches for Diabetes in Oman - Home - Bibliotheca Alexandrina

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Diabetes in Oman - Home - Bibliotheca Alexandrina' - Melvin


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
Slide1 l.jpg

  • Diabetes

  • National Diabetes Control Programme

  • National Diabetes Control Committee

  • with members from MOH and outside

  • National Policy for the control of

  • diabetes

  • Regional diabetologists - focal

  • points


Slide2 l.jpg

  • Diabetes in primary care

  • Mini diabetes clinics

  • Standard guidelines

  • Diabetes care team

  • • Diabetes registry:The total number of cases

  • reported till 2005 were 48,972 with 4,862

  • new cases diagnosed in the year 2005.

  • World Diabetes Day

  • Other health education


Slide3 l.jpg

  • Diabetes

  • Various surveys over the last decade have shown that ten percent of Omani adults suffer from diabetes and a similar proportion has impaired glucose tolerance.

  • A survey conducted in 1991 showed a diabetes prevalence of 8.3% based on fasting blood glucose. A more recent National Health Survey (2000), has shown diabetes to have increased significantly to 11.6%.


Slide4 l.jpg

National Health Survey, 2000

Total: 5856

IFG: 6.1%

IFG+diabetes: 17.8%


Slide5 l.jpg

Prevalence of Diabetes and IGT in Oman using 1999 WHO diagnostic criteria

DM: diabetes mellitus, IGT: Impaired glucose tolerance, IFG: Impaired fasting glucose




Slide8 l.jpg

Body Mass Index, overweight and obesity survey, 2000

Dhofar: 71%, Muscat and Dahirah: 50%


Slide9 l.jpg

  • Metabolic syndrome (IDF criteria) survey, 2000

  • Central obesity (waist circumference 94 cm for men and 80 cm for women),

  • plus any 2 of the following 4 factors:

  • Raised triglyceride (TG) levels 1.7 mmol/L, or specific treatment for this lipid abnormality

  • Reduced high density lipoproteins (HDL) cholesterol: <1.03 mmol/L in men and <1.29 mmol/L in women, or specific treatment for these lipid abnormalities

  • Raised systolic BP 130 or diastolic BP 85 mmHg, or treatment of previously diagnosed hypertension

  • Raised fasting plasma glucose: FPG 5.6 mmol/L, or previously diagnosed type 2 diabetes


Slide10 l.jpg

Prevalence of metabolic syndrome in Oman survey, 2000

Females: 40.0% (95% CI 35.6% to 44.3%)

Males: 18.4% (95% CI 14.5% to 22.3%)

(p-value for the gender difference <0.001).



Slide12 l.jpg

Diabetes Prevalence in GCC survey, 2000

Ages 20+ years

MOH, UAE, 2000

Abedlla et al, 1998

Al-Nuaim, 1997

Asfour et al, 1991


Slide13 l.jpg

Diabetes Mellitus, survey, 2000GCC Estimates, 1995-2025

Source: The World Health Report, 1997, WHO


Prevalence 1991 vs 2000 oman l.jpg
Prevalence survey, 20001991 vs 2000Oman


Age diabetes l.jpg
Age & Diabetes survey, 2000

National Health Survey, Oman, 2000


Slide16 l.jpg

Fasting Blood Glucose for Diabetes survey, 2000

Do you have Diabetes

+

-

Total

Yes

192

75

267

No

5139

5519

Total

572

5214

5786

Undiagnosed Diabetes in Oman

380

National Health Survey, Oman, 2000



Slide21 l.jpg

Insulin Resistance Syndrome survey, 2000(Metabolic Syndrome)

Central/abdominal obesity

High TG

Microalbuminuria

Low HDL

Metabolic Syndrome

or

INSULIN

RESISTANCE

HBP

Endothelial dysfunction

High FPG

Atherosclerosis, cardiovascular disease


Slide22 l.jpg

Al-Lawati JA, Prevalence of the metabolic syndrome among Omani adults.

Diabetes Care 2003;26(6):1781-5.

Central/abdominal obesity 24.6%

High TG 20.7%

Microalbuminuria

Low HDL 75.4%

Oman

21%

HBP 23.1%

Endothelial dysfunction

High FPG 18.1%

Atherosclerosis, cardiovascular disease


Overweight in gcc l.jpg
Overweight in GCC Omani adults.


Obesity in gcc l.jpg
Obesity in GCC Omani adults.


ad