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Credibility. Who and what can one trust? Is it fact or reliable information?. What is Credible?. Claims-are they suspicious in themselves (inherently)? “The moon is made of green cheese.” “There is a pink elephant coming in the door.”. Credible sources?. Observations?- when, who, why?

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Presentation Transcript
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Credibility

Who and what can one trust? Is it fact or reliable information?


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What is Credible?

  • Claims-are they suspicious in themselves (inherently)?

  • “The moon is made of green cheese.”

  • “There is a pink elephant coming in the door.”


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Credible sources?

  • Observations?- when, who, why?

    • “The robber was young and 6 feet tall.” 4’ 3” lady of 81 years.

    • “The robber was old and small.”- young 6’ 5” body builder.


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Credible source?

  • Experts

    “Dr. Hart, a surgeon, says this economic solution is bogus.”

    “ My horoscope tells me that the world will come to an end tomorrow.”


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How do we know?

  • Is a claim credible?

    • Conflicts with what is known.

    • Conflicts with own observations.

    • Is likely a joke or exaggeration or downplay.



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Eye Witnesses

  • Conditions of observation?

  • Conditions of observer?

  • Assumptions of observer?


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Credible Expert?

  • Has proper credentials.

  • Field has agreement.

  • Experts disagree-”insanity decisions.”

  • Expertise is relevant to the area– forensic.


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Circumstantial Evidence

  • “Evidence does not bear directly on the fact in dispute but on various attendant circumstances from which the judge or jury might infer the occurrence of the fact in dispute.”


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Problems to note.

  • Assume normal circumstances-this out of ordinary- “running late at night.”

  • Indirect inference always only probable.

  • Can be manipulated- “I was framed!!”


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Critical & Cautious

  • Be critical and check claims.

  • Innocent until proven guilty.


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Bandwagon, Appeal to People

  • Accept this conclusion because many people (my peers) (my kind of people) accept it.

  • “Millions of Americans are switching to Hotsun, so should you!”


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