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Cooperation with China - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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EMARS II China. China. All tasks include the horizontal issue China How to address China related issues within EMARS II? . Background. Chinese products imported into the EU reached €230.8 Billion in 2007 and accounted for 60% of the products notified under RAPEX

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  • All tasks include the horizontal issue China

  • How to address China related issues within EMARS II?

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  • Chinese products imported into the EU reached €230.8 Billion in 2007 and accounted for 60% of the products notified under RAPEX

  • Chinese imports account for 85% of the toys on the EU market.

  • (Recently Chinese export reduced with 25 % !! due to the global economic crises)

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Current EU-China Co-operation

  • MoU on Co-operation between China and EC

  • China-RAPEX

  • Trilateral initiative with China, USA and EU

  • EU-China Trade Project (e.g. traceability)

  • Joint training seminars

  • Some bilateral agreements between China and national authorities e.g. with France and Germany.

  • Other national initiatives (e.g. the Netherlands)

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  • 2916 notifications are stored in database

  • China has investigated 599

  • Preventative or restrictive measures were adopted in 303 cases (51%)

  • No action was taken in 296 investigated cases (49%) mainly because manufacturer could not be traced

  • EU-China RAPEX Risk Assessment Seminar

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EU-China Agreement

  • Regular coordination meetings

  • Exchange of officials now possible under revised agreement!!

  • Co-operation on joint actions also foreseen under new agreement

  • Challenges and chances for MS-Authorities from both sites!

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Case Study – Netherlands

Brief insight in motivation and (planned) activities.

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Introduction (1)

  • A political and practical need to improve safety of consumer products in 2007.

  • Almost 80 % of those products come from China, so ….

  • The Netherlands are the 2nd trade partner of China in Europe

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Introduction (2)

  • But: to little staff and budget to intensify border controls to an appropriate level.

  • Vision: try to close the tap in stead of drying the floor.

  • ‘China’ is not known, only by ‘hearing from others’.

  • So …. discover (production and trade activities in) China.

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Approach (1)

  • Research to current trade practice with and in China and detect critical points.

  • Detection of opportunities for improving ‘production and trade of safe products’ (holistic approach, not only MarServ)

  • Development of pilot projects in cooperation with Chinese colleagues (AQSIQ (state level) & CIQ regional level)

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Approach (2)

  • Involve stakeholders, like business associations and Ministry of Trade and Economic Affairs, etc.

  • Carry out Pilots.

  • Evaluation and recommendation.

  • Implementation.

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First phase August – December 2008:

Research to current trade practice

  • About 20 interviews of Dutch importers: how do importers of Chinese products act?

  • Study visit to China: how do Chinese producers and exporters act? What’s the role of the Chinese government? How do they act?

  • Study visit to Chinese producers of different consumer products and analysis of trade statistics.

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Preliminary insights (1)

  • Chinese producers deliver what western companies or importers ask.

  • Chinese people are naturally and continues focused on reducing costs. Cost reducing product modifications can influence the safety (f.i. change of paint on toys or cheaper burner in a gas boiler).

  • Producers are not always aware of this influence and forget to inform their customers.

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Preliminary insights (2)

  • Most medium and small producers do not have quality control systems at a western level (yet).

  • Chinese producers have to comply with many many standards (‘factory of the world’), but have a lack of knowledge .

  • The Chinese are willing to learn!

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Opportunities (1)

  • Market Surveillance has to focus on border controls, has to stay at least at current level and must be coordinated in the EU. [joint actions]

  • Stress the need of clear orders to China at western importers and advise them to control their producers continuously. [Workshops and communication projects to business]

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Opportunities (2)

  • Help Chinese producers to comply to European standards [seminars in China, training programmes for Chinese producers]

  • Support Chinese producers to improve their quality systems [role for business and NoBo’s?]

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Opportunities (3)

  • Build trustful relationships with Chinese MS-colleagues (AQSIQ and CIQ’s) [frequent low level and informal meetings in China and Europe]

  • Exchange information between MS-Authorities about products, but also MS-visions, MS-practice and MS-procedures. [communication systems and workshops]

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How to address China-related issues in EMARS II

  • Collect data on national market surveillance activities involving China

  • Include China in Knowledge Base

  • Address co-operation with China in specific joint actions

  • Examine best practice in dealing with Chinese authorities and tracing Chinese manufacturers and suppliers

  • Examine needs for guidance material for European importers

  • ???