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Color Review. The Color Wheel. Primary Colors. Red, yellow, and blue In traditional color theory, these are the three pigment colors that can not be mixed or formed by any combination of other colors All other colors are derived from these three hues. Secondary Colors.

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Primary colors l.jpg
Primary Colors

  • Red, yellow, and blue

  • In traditional color theory, these are the three pigment colors that can not be mixed or formed by any combination of other colors

  • All other colors are derived from these three hues


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Secondary Colors

  • These are the three colors formed by mixing two primary colors together - green, orange, and violet

  • Blue + yellow = green

  • Red + yellow = orange

  • Red + blue = violet


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Tertiary Colors

  • These are the six colors formed by mixing a primary color with a secondary color - yellow-orange, red-orange, red-violet, blue-violet, blue-green, and yellow-green


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Warm Colors

  • Advance

  • Excitement, passion, liveliness


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Cool colors

  • Cool colors recede

  • Serenity, calmness


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  • The question:Now that we have 12 colors...where do the rest of the colors come from?

  • The answer:Variations in tint, shade, and neutral

  • Shade - hue mixed with black

  • Tint - hue mixed with white


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How to create a neutral color

  • Neutral –

    • hue + gray or

    • hue + complementary color

+

=

+

=


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Three Properties of Color

  • Hue is the basic name of a color or the pure form of color

    • – there are six basic hues: red, yellow, blue, green, orange, and violet

  • Intensity or saturation -relative brightness or dullness of the color

    • – a color is at full intensity only when pure and unmixed

  • Value is the lightness or darkness of a hue


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Basic Color Schemes

  • Color schemes are ways to use groups of colors together so a desired affect is achieved by an artist


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Complementary Colors

  • Complementary colors are any two colors which are directly opposite each other on the color wheel, such as red and green and red-purple and yellow-green

  • they heighten and accent one another

  • Extremely eye-catching and vibrant


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Analogous Colors

  • Analogous colors are any three colors which are side by side on a 12 part color wheel, such as yellow-green, yellow, and yellow-orange

  • The similarity of colors makes the schemes harmonious, soothing and restful


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Monochromatic Scheme

  • Tints and shades of a single pure hue

  • Extremely unified and harmonious - effective for establishing an overall mood

  • Can be dull because of the lack of variation



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Color Context

  • Compare the contrast effects of different color backgrounds for the same red square

  • Red appears more brilliant against a black background and somewhat duller against the white background

  • In contrast with orange, the red appears lifeless; in contrast with blue-green, it exhibits brilliance

  • Notice that the red square appears larger on black than on other background colors



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  • If your computer has sufficient color stability and gamma correction (link to Color Blind Computers) you will see that the small purple rectangle on the left appears to have a red-purple tinge when compared to the small purple rectangle on the right

  • They are both the same color as seen in the illustration above

  • This demonstrates how three colors can be perceived as four colors


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