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Presentation Gallery with Key Indicators. Child mortality, 2006. Infant mortality – 71 per 1,000 live births Under 5 mortality – 111 per 1,000 live births Under 5 morality rate is higher for male children (131 deaths) compared to female children (89 death) higher

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Child mortality 2006 l.jpg
Child mortality, 2006

  • Infant mortality – 71 per 1,000 live births

  • Under 5 mortality – 111 per 1,000 live births

  • Under 5 morality rate is higher for male children (131 deaths) compared to female children (89 death) higher

  • Mortality higher among children of women with low levels of education and among children in rural areas



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Nutrition Status, 2006 Ghana, 2006

  • 18% and 3% of children under-5 years are underweight and severely underweight respectively

  • Malnourishment peaks at age 12-23 months; 22 percent of children are stunted and 5 percent wasted

  • Children in the Upper East and Northern regions of the country are more underweight, stunted and wasted

  • Boys are more slightly underweight, stunted and wasted than girls.



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Breastfeeding, 2006 Ghana, 2006

  • About 55% of children below 6 months are exclusively breastfed with 65% for children aged 0-3 months

  • Among children 6-9 months, 69% receive breast milk and solid or semi-solid foods

  • 95% still being breastfed at 12-15 months, and by age 20-23 months 56% are still being breastfed


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Percentage of mothers who started breastfeeding within one hour and within one day of birth, 2006


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Breastfeeding, 2006 hour and within one day of birth, 2006


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Salt Iodization, 2006 hour and within one day of birth, 2006

  • Salt is not iodized in 42% of households tested

  • 32% of households use adequately iodized salt (> 15 parts per million (ppm)) and 18% of households use some but not adequately iodized salt (< 15 ppm)

  • The use of adequately iodized salt is twice as high in urban as compared to rural areas


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Percentage of Households using adequately iodized salt, 2006 hour and within one day of birth, 2006


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Vitamin A Supplement, 2006 hour and within one day of birth, 2006

  • 60% of children aged 6-59 months receive a high dose of Vitamin A supplement

  • 7% of children 6-59 months never received the supplement


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Percent of children under 5 years that received a high dose of Vitamin A supplement in the last 6 months, 2006


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Low birth weight, 2006 of Vitamin A supplement in the last 6 months, 2006

  • Out of 40% of children weighed at birth, approximately 9% are below 2500 grams

  • No significant variation in low birth weight by background characteristics



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Immunization, 2006 Birth, Ghana, 2006

  • Overall, more than 85.2 % of children had health cards

  • 64% of children aged 12-23 months are fully immunized before the age of 12 months and more than 73% of children 2-23 months have all the required vaccinations

  • About 94% of children aged 12-23 months receive a BCG vaccination by the age of 12 months

  • First dose of (DPT)HH is given to 94% of children aged 12-23 months, 89% of the same age group receive second dose and 81% of the same age group receive the third dose

  • 96% of children aged 12-23 months receive polio by age 12 months and third dose, only 80%


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Percentage of children aged 12-23 months who received the recommended vaccinations by 12 months, Ghana, 2006


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Tetanus Toxoid for pregnant women, 2006 recommended vaccinations by 12 months, Ghana, 2006

  • Protection level of women who have had a live birth within the last 2 years against tetanus is generally high peaking at 81% at age 30-34 years

  • 64% of women receive at least 2 doses during the last pregnancy


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Percentage of women with a live birth in the last 12 months who are protected against neonatal tetanus, Ghana, 2006

(64 percent


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Oral Rehydration Treatment, 2006 who are protected against neonatal tetanus, Ghana, 2006

  • 15.4% of children under-5 years had diarrhoea

  • 19% of children aged 0-59 months with diarrhoea are managed at home

  • Only 9% of infants under 12 months are managed at home as compared to 31 percent of those aged 24-35 months


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Percentage of children aged 0-59 with diarrhoea who received ORT or increased fluids, AND continued feeding, Ghana, 2006


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Treatment of Pneumonia, 2006 ORT or increased fluids, AND continued feeding, Ghana, 2006

During the two weeks preceding the survey

  • 5% had symptoms of pneumonia

    • Of these, 33.6% were taken to an appropriate provider

    • 33% of children under-5 years suspected pneumonia receive an antibiotic treatment

    • Generally treatment of suspected pneumonia with an antibiotic is very low among poor households

  • Only 2.8% of women knew of the two danger signs of pneumonia


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Solid fuels used for cooking, 2006 ORT or increased fluids, AND continued feeding, Ghana, 2006

  • 86% of households are using solid fuels for cooking

  • Solid fuels are used more in rural areas (96%) compared to urban areas (74%)

  • The higher the educational level of the head of household, the lower the use of solid fuels for cooking (58%)

  • Use of solid fuels lowest among the wealthiest households (49%) compared to poorest households (99.6%)


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Solid fuels used for cooking by poverty and education status, 2008

Wealth status of household

Education status of household head


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Malaria, 2006 status, 2008

  • 49% of households have at least one mosquito net but, only 19% of households have insecticide treated net (ITN)

  • 33% of children under-five sleep under a mosquito net but 22 percent sleep under an ITN

  • The use of ITN is higher in the rural areas (25%) than in the urban areas (16%)

  • 22% of children under-five were ill with fever. The prevalence of fever is lowest among infants 0-11 months old but peaked at 12-23 months old children (27 percent)

  • The most widely used appropriate anti-malarial drugs are chloroquine used by 42% of children aged 0-59 months with fever and armodiaquine used by 14%.

  • Of children with fever, 61% are treated with an appropriate anti-malarial drug and 48 percent receive the drug within 24 hours of onset of symptoms



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Improved sources of drinking water and sanitary means of excreta disposal, 2006

  • 38% of the population has access to pipe-borne water in their dwelling, yard or plot or public tap

  • 29% and 6% of the population get their drinking water from boreholes and protected wells respectively

  • 5% depend on sachet water for drinking water and only 0.1% drink bottled water

  • 78% of the population has improved sources of drinking water

  • 61% of the population is using improved sanitation facilities

  • The improved sanitation is however more prevalent in urban areas (83%) than in rural areas (50%)


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Percentage of households using both improved sources of drinking water and sanitary means of excreta disposal, 2006


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Antenatal Care, 2006 drinking water and sanitary means of excreta disposal, 2006

  • Coverage of antenatal care is relatively high with, 92% of pregnant women aged 15-49 years receiving medical care at least once from a skilled provider

  • Higher antenatal care by professional health personnel is recorded in the urban areas of the country (96%) than in the rural areas (90%)

  • 10% of pregnant women have their blood pressure checked and weight measured

  • 80% have their urine tested, and 78% have a blood sample taken respectively for laboratory examination

  • 50% of births are delivered with the assistance of a skilled health personnel (doctors, nurse/midwife)

  • 49% of women deliver in a health facility. This is higher in urban areas (77%) compared to rural areas (34%)


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Comparison between antenatal care attendance and births attended by skilled personnel, 2006


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Primary school net attendance ratio, 2006 attended by skilled personnel, 2006


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Literacy, 2006 attended by skilled personnel, 2006

  • 64%of women and 71% of men are literate

  • In the richest wealth quintile, 81% of women and 85% of men are literates while in the poorest wealth quintile, 30% of women and 38% of men are literate




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Birth registration, 2006 literate, Ghana 2006

  • The births of 51% of children under-five years have been registered

  • 79% of births to mothers with secondary and higher education are registered while only 41% of births to mothers with no education are registered

  • 7 out of every 10 children born in urban areas are registered compared to 4 out of 10 of children born in rural areas



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Knowledge of HIV transmission, 2006 registered, 2006

  • 98% of men and 97% of women have heard of AIDS

  • 60% and 56% of men and women respectively know of all three main ways of preventing HIV transmission

  • However, comprehensive knowledge of HIV (identifying 2 prevention methods and 3 misconceptions) is 31.7% of males and 21.2% for female

  • 41% of men and 28% of women know that a healthy-looking person can be infected

  • 92% of men and 93% of women know that HIV can be transmitted from mother to child




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