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Child mortality - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Presentation Gallery with Key Indicators. Child mortality, 2006. Infant mortality – 71 per 1,000 live births Under 5 mortality – 111 per 1,000 live births Under 5 morality rate is higher for male children (131 deaths) compared to female children (89 death) higher

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child mortality 2006
Child mortality, 2006
  • Infant mortality – 71 per 1,000 live births
  • Under 5 mortality – 111 per 1,000 live births
  • Under 5 morality rate is higher for male children (131 deaths) compared to female children (89 death) higher
  • Mortality higher among children of women with low levels of education and among children in rural areas
nutrition status 2006
Nutrition Status, 2006
  • 18% and 3% of children under-5 years are underweight and severely underweight respectively
  • Malnourishment peaks at age 12-23 months; 22 percent of children are stunted and 5 percent wasted
  • Children in the Upper East and Northern regions of the country are more underweight, stunted and wasted
  • Boys are more slightly underweight, stunted and wasted than girls.
breastfeeding 2006
Breastfeeding, 2006
  • About 55% of children below 6 months are exclusively breastfed with 65% for children aged 0-3 months
  • Among children 6-9 months, 69% receive breast milk and solid or semi-solid foods
  • 95% still being breastfed at 12-15 months, and by age 20-23 months 56% are still being breastfed
percentage of mothers who started breastfeeding within one hour and within one day of birth 2006
Percentage of mothers who started breastfeeding within one hour and within one day of birth, 2006
salt iodization 2006
Salt Iodization, 2006
  • Salt is not iodized in 42% of households tested
  • 32% of households use adequately iodized salt (> 15 parts per million (ppm)) and 18% of households use some but not adequately iodized salt (< 15 ppm)
  • The use of adequately iodized salt is twice as high in urban as compared to rural areas
vitamin a supplement 2006
Vitamin A Supplement, 2006
  • 60% of children aged 6-59 months receive a high dose of Vitamin A supplement
  • 7% of children 6-59 months never received the supplement
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Percent of children under 5 years that received a high dose of Vitamin A supplement in the last 6 months, 2006
low birth weight 2006
Low birth weight, 2006
  • Out of 40% of children weighed at birth, approximately 9% are below 2500 grams
  • No significant variation in low birth weight by background characteristics
immunization 2006
Immunization, 2006
  • Overall, more than 85.2 % of children had health cards
  • 64% of children aged 12-23 months are fully immunized before the age of 12 months and more than 73% of children 2-23 months have all the required vaccinations
  • About 94% of children aged 12-23 months receive a BCG vaccination by the age of 12 months
  • First dose of (DPT)HH is given to 94% of children aged 12-23 months, 89% of the same age group receive second dose and 81% of the same age group receive the third dose
  • 96% of children aged 12-23 months receive polio by age 12 months and third dose, only 80%
slide16
Percentage of children aged 12-23 months who received the recommended vaccinations by 12 months, Ghana, 2006
tetanus toxoid for pregnant women 2006
Tetanus Toxoid for pregnant women, 2006
  • Protection level of women who have had a live birth within the last 2 years against tetanus is generally high peaking at 81% at age 30-34 years
  • 64% of women receive at least 2 doses during the last pregnancy
slide18
Percentage of women with a live birth in the last 12 months who are protected against neonatal tetanus, Ghana, 2006

(64 percent

oral rehydration treatment 2006
Oral Rehydration Treatment, 2006
  • 15.4% of children under-5 years had diarrhoea
  • 19% of children aged 0-59 months with diarrhoea are managed at home
  • Only 9% of infants under 12 months are managed at home as compared to 31 percent of those aged 24-35 months
slide20
Percentage of children aged 0-59 with diarrhoea who received ORT or increased fluids, AND continued feeding, Ghana, 2006
treatment of pneumonia 2006
Treatment of Pneumonia, 2006

During the two weeks preceding the survey

  • 5% had symptoms of pneumonia
    • Of these, 33.6% were taken to an appropriate provider
    • 33% of children under-5 years suspected pneumonia receive an antibiotic treatment
    • Generally treatment of suspected pneumonia with an antibiotic is very low among poor households
  • Only 2.8% of women knew of the two danger signs of pneumonia
solid fuels used for cooking 2006
Solid fuels used for cooking, 2006
  • 86% of households are using solid fuels for cooking
  • Solid fuels are used more in rural areas (96%) compared to urban areas (74%)
  • The higher the educational level of the head of household, the lower the use of solid fuels for cooking (58%)
  • Use of solid fuels lowest among the wealthiest households (49%) compared to poorest households (99.6%)
solid fuels used for cooking by poverty and education status 2008
Solid fuels used for cooking by poverty and education status, 2008

Wealth status of household

Education status of household head

malaria 2006
Malaria, 2006
  • 49% of households have at least one mosquito net but, only 19% of households have insecticide treated net (ITN)
  • 33% of children under-five sleep under a mosquito net but 22 percent sleep under an ITN
  • The use of ITN is higher in the rural areas (25%) than in the urban areas (16%)
  • 22% of children under-five were ill with fever. The prevalence of fever is lowest among infants 0-11 months old but peaked at 12-23 months old children (27 percent)
  • The most widely used appropriate anti-malarial drugs are chloroquine used by 42% of children aged 0-59 months with fever and armodiaquine used by 14%.
  • Of children with fever, 61% are treated with an appropriate anti-malarial drug and 48 percent receive the drug within 24 hours of onset of symptoms
improved sources of drinking water and sanitary means of excreta disposal 2006
Improved sources of drinking water and sanitary means of excreta disposal, 2006
  • 38% of the population has access to pipe-borne water in their dwelling, yard or plot or public tap
  • 29% and 6% of the population get their drinking water from boreholes and protected wells respectively
  • 5% depend on sachet water for drinking water and only 0.1% drink bottled water
  • 78% of the population has improved sources of drinking water
  • 61% of the population is using improved sanitation facilities
  • The improved sanitation is however more prevalent in urban areas (83%) than in rural areas (50%)
slide27
Percentage of households using both improved sources of drinking water and sanitary means of excreta disposal, 2006
antenatal care 2006
Antenatal Care, 2006
  • Coverage of antenatal care is relatively high with, 92% of pregnant women aged 15-49 years receiving medical care at least once from a skilled provider
  • Higher antenatal care by professional health personnel is recorded in the urban areas of the country (96%) than in the rural areas (90%)
  • 10% of pregnant women have their blood pressure checked and weight measured
  • 80% have their urine tested, and 78% have a blood sample taken respectively for laboratory examination
  • 50% of births are delivered with the assistance of a skilled health personnel (doctors, nurse/midwife)
  • 49% of women deliver in a health facility. This is higher in urban areas (77%) compared to rural areas (34%)
literacy 2006
Literacy, 2006
  • 64%of women and 71% of men are literate
  • In the richest wealth quintile, 81% of women and 85% of men are literates while in the poorest wealth quintile, 30% of women and 38% of men are literate
birth registration 2006
Birth registration, 2006
  • The births of 51% of children under-five years have been registered
  • 79% of births to mothers with secondary and higher education are registered while only 41% of births to mothers with no education are registered
  • 7 out of every 10 children born in urban areas are registered compared to 4 out of 10 of children born in rural areas
knowledge of hiv transmission 2006
Knowledge of HIV transmission, 2006
  • 98% of men and 97% of women have heard of AIDS
  • 60% and 56% of men and women respectively know of all three main ways of preventing HIV transmission
  • However, comprehensive knowledge of HIV (identifying 2 prevention methods and 3 misconceptions) is 31.7% of males and 21.2% for female
  • 41% of men and 28% of women know that a healthy-looking person can be infected
  • 92% of men and 93% of women know that HIV can be transmitted from mother to child
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