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Career Planning Begins with Assessment Meeting the Needs of Youth and Young Adults. What this session will cover: . The factors that contribute to career planning challenges faced by vulnerable youth and youth with disabilities

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Career Planning

Begins with Assessment

Meeting the Needs of Youth and Young Adults


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What this session will cover:

  • The factors that contribute to career planning challenges faced by vulnerable youth and youth with disabilities

  • The experiences that support their transition to adulthood and the career planning process.

  • How assessment is used during transition to ensure quality career planning for youth.


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What is Career Planning?

  • Career planning is a set of activities designed for youth to make informed choices about academic programs, training, and work.

  • To be successful, youth need access to a specific range of experiences that allow them to explore their interests and the many options available to them.


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What is Assessment?

  • Assessment is “the process of collecting data for the purpose of making decisions.”

  • It is the part of career planning that closely examines the interests and abilities of each individual to establish a basis for identifying appropriate types of employment, training, and career development possibilities.


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Nine factors that often lead to transition challenges

  • Diagnosed disabilities

  • Hidden or undiagnosed disabilities

  • Chronic illness

  • Poverty

  • Immigrant status—culture and language

  • Teen parenthood

  • Involvement in the juvenile or adult justice system

  • Homelessness

  • Involvement in the foster care system


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Experiences supporting development and the career planning process—The Five Guideposts

  • School-Based Preparatory Experiences

  • Career Preparation & Work-Based Learning Experiences

  • Youth Development & Youth Leadership Opportunities

  • Connecting Activities & Support Services

  • Family Involvement Activities


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1. School-Based Preparatory Experiences process—The Five Guideposts

  • Standards and high expectations

  • Based on meaningful indicators of student learning and skills

  • Career and technical education options

  • Accommodations and adaptive technology for youth with disabilities


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2. process—The Five GuidepostsCareer Preparation & Work-Based Learning Experiences

  • Secondary and postsecondary

  • In-school and community-based

  • Structured exposure in paid and unpaid work

  • Mentoring and Internships

  • Ongoing assessment

  • Collaborative support


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3. Youth Development & Youth Leadership Opportunities process—The Five Guideposts

  • Activities that allow youth to control and direct their own lives based on informed decisions

    • Self-advocacy

    • Conflict resolution

    • Personal leadership

    • Community Service

    • Mentoring


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4. Connecting Activities & Support Services process—The Five Guideposts

  • Physical and mental health services

  • Transportation

  • Tutoring

  • Financial planning and management

  • Postsecondary supports

  • Assistive technology for youth with disabilities


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5. Family Involvement and Supports process—The Five Guideposts

  • Access to community resources

  • Opportunities to be engaged in decision making

  • Opportunities to learn about legislation, disabilities, and career options


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Autism process—The Five Guideposts

Deafness

Deaf-blindness

Hearing Impairment

Mental Retardation

Multiple Impairments

Orthopedic Impairment

Other Health Impairment

Serious Emotional Disturbance

Specific Leaning Disability

Speech or Language Impairment

Traumatic Brain Injury

Visual Impairment or Blindness

IDEA & Thirteen Categories of Disability


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Hidden Disabilities process—The Five Guideposts

  • Specific Learning Disabilities (SLD)

  • Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder—

    (ADHD)

  • Traumatic Brain Injury

  • Mental Health or Emotional Problems

  • Mental Retardation

  • Chemical Health Issues


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Issues Related to Hidden Disabilities process—The Five Guideposts

  • Disclosure

  • Screening and Assessment

  • Referrals to Consultants

  • Education and Training Programs

  • Judicial System and Treatment Programs


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Out of School Youth with Disabilities process—The Five Guideposts

  • Eligibility and access to services

  • Vocational Rehabilitation

  • Workforce Investment Act

    -Youth Services

    -Adult Services


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Meeting an Individual’s Career Planning Assessment Needs—Five Goals

  • Multiple Options

  • Self-Advocacy: Person Centered Planning

  • Bridging Academic and Career Needs

  • Access to Critical Information

  • Professional Adult Assistance


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The Four Domains of Assessment Needs—Five Goals

  • Educational

  • Psychological

  • Vocational

  • Medical


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Formal Testing Instruments in Assessment Needs—Five Goals

Seven Areas of Testing and Performance Review

  • Academic Performance or Achievement

  • Cognitive Abilities

  • Behavior, Social, and Emotional Issues

  • Vocational Interests

  • Job Aptitudes

  • Certification of Occupational Competencies

  • Physical and Functional Capacities


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1. Academic Performance or Achievement Testing Needs—Five Goals

Purposes of Assessment in Academic Planning:

  • Determine eligibility for special services

  • Aid student placement and instruction

  • Support accountability efforts

    The goal is to identify the academic skills,

    learning styles, cognitive abilities,

    and educational challenges of individual youth.


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2. Cognitive Abilities Testing Needs—Five Goals

  • Educational Domain

    • Intelligence Testing

  • Psychological Domain

    • Neuropsychological testing

    • Testing for learning disabilities


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3. Behavioral, Social, and Emotional Issues Needs—Five Goals

  • Their impact on youth

  • Behavioral testing and assessment

  • Mental health diagnostic testing

  • Chemical health diagnostic testing


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Vocational Assessments Needs—Five Goals

  • Interest testing

  • Job aptitudes

  • Certification of occupational competency

  • Physical and functional capacities


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4. Vocational Interests Tests Needs—Five Goals

  • Lead to pragmatic academic and career planning

  • Can be purchased or found on line at many Web sites

  • Many government sites have forms of these tests

  • Should not be used to “screen out”


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5. Job Aptitudes, Habits, and Skills Needs—Five Goals

  • Wide variety of written or performance assessments

  • KSAs—knowledge, skills, and abilities

  • Situational work assessments

  • Work sample testing

  • Analysis of work environments


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7. Physical and Functional Capacities—Vocational Needs—Five Goals

  • Work Capacities

    • Work Tolerance

    • Motor Skills and Manual Dexterity

    • Assistive Technology Assessments

    • Post-secondary and Workplace Accommodations


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7. Physical and Functional Capacities—Medical Needs—Five Goals

  • Medical Diagnostic Testing

  • Speech/Language, Physical, and Occupational Therapies

  • Treatment


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Independent Living Skills Assessments Needs—Five Goals

  • Transportation and mobility

  • Personal care

  • Recreation and leisure

  • Home maintenance

  • Communication skills


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Testing Accommodations Needs—Five Goals

  • Reliability and Validity

  • Publisher Guidelines

  • Institutional Guidelines

  • Four Types of Accommodation

    • Presentation Format

    • Response Format

    • Setting

    • Timing


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Factors in Choosing Published Tests and Assessments Needs—Five Goals

  • Reliability

  • Validity

  • Fairness

  • Cost

  • Time needed to administer and score

  • Qualifications of test administrator

  • Ease of use

  • Reporting format


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Career Planning Begins with Assessment—The Guide Needs—Five Goals

Other Features:

  • Directory of Commonly-Used Published Tests

  • Building an Assessment Infrastructure

  • Ethical and Fair Assessment Practices

  • Confidentiality and Privacy Issues

  • Useful Forms and Exhibits


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Our Web Sites Needs—Five Goals

The National Collaborative on Workforce and Disability for Youth

www.ncwd-youth.info

The National Center on Secondary Education and Transition

www.ncset.org


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Types of Products and Resources Needs—Five Goals

  • How to Guides

  • Information and Policy Briefs

  • Background Papers

  • Facts and Statistics

  • Hot Topics Syntheses

  • Funding Sources

  • Training Materials


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Presenters Needs—Five Goals

  • Joe Timmons [email protected]

  • Jen Fitz-Roy [email protected]

  • Peter Squire [email protected]


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