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Joint UNCTAD / WTO Informal Information Session on Private Standards. Experiences in South East Asia. By Christie F. Robert qa plus asia-pacific sdn. bhd. WTO Headquarters, Geneva 25 th June 2007. Scope of presentation.
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Experiences in South East Asia
Christie F. Robert
qa plus asia-pacific sdn. bhd
WTO Headquarters, Geneva
25th June 2007
To provide an overview of the experience in South East Asia on adjustment to private standards in key export markets and the National GAP programs based on the UNCTAD monograph synthesizing the country case studies on Malaysia, Thailand and Vietnam
Source: FAO Corporate Document Repository
Of suppliers and
value and new
Stricter quality &
Standards are strategic tools for :
Private Label Standards
- In Malaysia the Department of Agriculture provides training and advisory services and also conducts audit and certification.
Malaysia’s share in EU imports of FFV is small while Thailand’s and Vietnam’s share of exports to EU is much bigger. Exports from Vietnam largely comprises fresh vegetables
Fresh Fruits – 81.5%
Fresh Vegetables – 76.5%
Fresh Fruits – 3%
Fresh vegetables – 12.8%
Implications of EurepGAP and other private sector standards which are relevant in EU on GAP initiatives for ASEAN Fresh Fruits & Vegetables
has significant socio-economic implications
improved productivity & cost savings
safe healthy environment, improved morale
consumer confidence and market acceptability
-it is government driven
-Dept of Agriculture, Ministry of Agriculture and Agro-based
Industries in Malaysia.
-In Thailand the development of a national GAP schemes has been largely driven by the Government, in particular through the Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives (MOAC).
-training free of charge to farmers
-free chemical residue analyses
There is little support for other private sector standards
-Donor funded projects and initiatives
-supervise, coordinate and regulate marketing of agricultural produce
-to improve market access
-to improve effectiveness and efficiency of supply chain management
-to supervise and coordinate agricultural marketing activities
-to promote market access through branding ‘Malaysia Best’
- to enable exchange of experiences which would be useful in policy adjustments at National level
- to facilitate a common “benchmark” in GAP standards to accommodate intra-regional trade
- to harmonize local interpretations of GAP elements
- to provide a forum to discuss implementation problems and solutions
- to encourage realistic GAP standards and stepwise approach
- to achieve consensus in ultimate target : EurepGAP
-Suggest development of standard formats to aid farmers
-Development of generic software platform for GAP documentation
-Additionally, the generic software will assist in the conduct of auditsand simplify the process
Capacity building on WTO’s SPS and
- Protocols and mechanisms are still not fully appreciated, especially with the trading community.
-Knowledge restricted to certain government
Suggest that regional workshops be organized for agricultural auditors
-consistent auditing procedures
-correct interpretations on compliance
-eliminate ‘soft’ auditing
-provides confidence in certification
A forum should be established to address issues on chemical residues
- harmonize requirements on MRLs
- sampling and testing procedures
- regional reference laboratory