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Age of Jefferson. Change for the new country. Federalists Strong, central gov’t. Rule by the “best people.” Distrusted total democracy. Pro-British. Support private enterprise. Democratic-Republicans Middle-class and underprivileged. Power to the states. National debt was a curse.

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Age of Jefferson

Change for the new country.


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Federalists

Strong, central gov’t.

Rule by the “best people.”

Distrusted total democracy.

Pro-British.

Support private enterprise.

Democratic-Republicans

Middle-class and underprivileged.

Power to the states.

National debt was a curse.

Rule of the people. (literate.)

No spec. privileges.

Differences in Party


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Election of 1800

  • Jefferson defeats Adams, but ……

  • Jefferson and Burr tie in electoral votes.

  • House of Representatives decides the tie.

  • (1804) the 12th Amendment cures this problem.

    Revolution of 1800.

  • “A triumph of the common citizen over the aristocratic classes.”



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Reversal of Federalist policies

  • Secured Congressional repeal of the excise tax on whiskey.

  • Cut back on military budget and reduced the national debt. (Albert Galatin)

  • Secured repeal of the Naturalization Act.

  • Permitted the Alien and Sedition Act to expire and pardoned those affected by it.



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Continues some Federalist policies.

“We are all Republicans, we are all Federalists.”

  • Continued Hamilton’s financial programs.

  • Reaffirmed Washington’s policy of isolation.

  • Showed that a change of regime not need be drastic and overwhelming change.


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“Midnight Judges”

  • John Marshall becomes Chief Justice of the Supreme Court.

  • Attempt by Adams to pack the courts with Judges who were sympathetic to Federalist views.

  • Marbury v. Madison


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Barbary States.

“Millions for defense,but not one cent for Tribute.”

Military recognition.

“to the shores of Tripoli.”


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Louisiana Purchase

  • Transportation of goods west of the Appalachians.

  • 1n 1800, Napoleon secretly secures the territory from Spain.

  • Robert Livingston and James Monroe negotiate.

  • England or France Jefferson wonders?

  • A small price to pay. $15 million.


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Why does Napoleon sell?

  • Problems in the Caribbean. No need for a granary.

  • $$$ for his war effort.

  • British naval sea power.

  • Later payback.


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A Constitutional Problem

  • Constitution didn’t specify that the President could negotiate treaties for incorporating new land into the country..

  • No time for an amendment.

  • Loose constuctionalist v. strict constructionalist?



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Hamilton and Burr

Aaron Burr

  • Vice-President of the United States.

  • Grandson of Jonathan Edwards.

    His downfall.

  • Politics and the duel.

  • July 11, 1804.

  • Treason.


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Embargo Act of 1807

  • American ships could not sail to foreign ports and prohibited American exports to all foreign countries.

  • Reaction to the war with England and France.

  • Attempt at neutrality.

  • Dismal failure. Why?

  • Non-Intercourse Act of 1809.


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