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Module 3: Weather Elements. Virtual Academy for the Semi Arid Tropics. Modules. Lessons. Lesson 6: Wind velocity. After completing this Lesson, you will be able to answer: 1. What is wind and how wind moves? 2. What is anemometer ? 3. How cup anemometer measures wind speed?.

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Module 3: Weather Elements

Virtual Academy for the Semi Arid Tropics

Modules

Lessons

Lesson 6: Wind velocity

After completing this Lesson, you will be able

to answer:

1. What is wind and how wind moves?

2. What is anemometer ?

3. How cup anemometer measures wind speed?

Course on Crop-Weather Relationships


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Lesson 6: Wind velocity

  • Winds begin with differences in air-pressures.

  • Pressure that is higher at one place than another sets up a force pushing from the high toward the low pressure.

  • The greater the difference in pressures, the stronger will be the wind force.


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Lesson 6: Wind velocity

  • The distance between the area of high pressure and the area of low pressure also determines how fast the moving air is accelerated i.e. Wind velocity.

  • Wind velocity includes both wind speed and wind direction.

  • Wind velocity is measured using anemometer in a weather station.


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Lesson 6: Wind velocity

Anemometer

  • Cup anemometer is used to measure the wind speed from the speed of rotation of a windmill which consist of 3 or 4 hemispherical or conical cups, each fixed to the ends of horizontal arms attached to a vertical axis.

  • Rotation of cups is transmitted to a technical counter which records the wind speed.

Cup anemometer


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Module 3: Weather Elements

Virtual Academy for the Semi Arid Tropics

Modules

Lessons

This concludes Lesson 6 on wind velocity in this Module.

The last Lesson in this Module is about cloud cover.

Click “Lessons” button to select Lesson 7

Course on Crop-Weather Relationships


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