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THE OPEN BOAT PowerPoint PPT Presentation


LITERATURE SHORT STORY BY STEPHEN CRANE

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THE OPEN BOAT

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The open boat

THE OPEN

BOAT

BY : STEPHEN

CRANE

MEIS MOHAMMED 12G2


The open boat

WHO IS THE AUTHOR

Stephen Crane (November 1, 1871 – June 5, 1900) was an American

author. Prolific throughout his short life, he wrote notable works in

the Realist tradition as well as early examples of American

Naturalism and Impressionism. He is recognized by modern critics

as one of the most innovative writers of his generation.


The open boat

THEMES

Nature’s Indifference to Man Despite the

narrator’s profusion of animistic (animal-

like), humanistic (manlike), and deistic

(godlike) characterizations of nature, Crane

makes clear that nature is ultimately

indifferent to the plight of man, possessing

no consciousness that we can understand. As

the stranded men progress through the

story, the reality of nature’s lack of concern

for them becomes increasingly clear. The

narrator highlights this development by

changing the way he describes the sea. Early

in the story, the sea snarls, hisses, and bucks

like a bronco; later, it merely “paces to and

fro,” no longer an actor in the men’s drama.

In reality, the sea does not change at all; only

the men’s perception of the sea changes. The

unaltered activity of the gulls, clouds, and


The open boat

RHETORICAL DEVICES

One of the literary devices that Crane uses in his writings is

personification. Personification is the use of giving non human

things human like characteristics. Crane gives the waves human

like characteristics in the story to get a point across about the

waves. In, "The Open Boat: A Work of Figurative Language and

Imagery," Claudon writes that Crane gives the sea, animal

characteristics when he says they, "growl and roar, snarl and are

wild." This is stating that the waves as fierce as animals in the

wild. Crane also says, "The boat is a bronco and a wild colt which

prances, rears, plunges and leaps."


The open boat

MOOD

frantic, confused, exhausted, suspenseful ... all the emotions they

go through as they try to bring the boat to safety.


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