the wild bird population an early warning system for avian influenza
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The Wild Bird Population: An Early Warning System for Avian Influenza. Dr. Ron DeHaven Administrator USDA Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service January 27, 2006. International Assistance. USDA is providing assistance to international organizations by providing:

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the wild bird population an early warning system for avian influenza
The Wild Bird Population: An Early Warning System for Avian Influenza

Dr. Ron DeHaven

Administrator

USDA Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service

January 27, 2006

international assistance
International Assistance
  • USDA is providing assistance to international organizations by providing:
    • Technical expertise and assessments for countries affected by AI
    • Financial assistance
usda s longstanding domestic interventions
USDA’s Longstanding Domestic Interventions
  • Targeted surveillance/cooperative efforts with States and Industry
  • Trade restrictions and smuggling prevention
  • Migratory bird surveillance and testing
  • Stockpile of AI vaccine for poultry
  • Outreach and education
  • Quarantine and testing of legally imported birds
supplemental ai funding
Supplemental AI Funding
  • USDA received approximately $91 million
  • For domestic efforts, $73 million will help enhance and increase:
    • Wild bird surveillance and diagnostics
    • Animal vaccine stockpile
    • Biosecurity measures
    • Smuggling interdiction and trade compliance
    • Research and development
    • Planning, equipment, and training
three hpai findings in the united states
Three HPAI Findings in the United States
  • 1924 – “Fowl Plague” affected live bird markets in the Northeastern U.S
  • 1983 – destruction of 17 million birds in PA
  • 2004 – quickly contained and eradicated in TX
avian influenza transmission
Avian Influenza Transmission
  • AI is primarily spread by:
    • Direct contact between infected birds and healthy birds
    • Indirect contact with contaminated equipment and materials
  • Wild waterfowl are a natural reservoir for AI viruses
  • Airborne transmission from farm to farm is highly unlikely
highly pathogenic ai in wild birds
Highly Pathogenic AI in Wild Birds
  • Wild birds may play a role in moving HPAI
  • Asian H5N1 may be adapting to wild birds
  • Most outbreaks are likely due to the movement of poultry and poultry products
wildlife monitoring
Wildlife Monitoring
  • USDA and DOI sampling of migratory birds
  • Ongoing studies by USDA and university partners in Alaska
    • Over 12,000 samples with no evidence of HPAI
  • USDA’s National Wildlife Disease Surveillance and Emergency Response System
wild bird highly pathogenic ai interagency working group
Wild Bird Highly Pathogenic AI Interagency Working Group
  • Membership

• USDA

• DOI

• HHS

• State of Alaska

• International Assoc. of Fish and Wildlife Agencies

• National Assoc. of Public Health Veterinarians

slide10
Draft U.S. Interagency Strategic PlanAn Early Detection System for Asian H5N1 Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza in Wild Migratory Birds
  • Developed by wildlife biologists, veterinarians, and epidemiologists
  • Early detection is the key
  • Unified national system for conducting H5N1 monitoring and surveillance of migratory birds
preparedness in the event of an outbreak
Preparedness in the Event of an Outbreak
  • USDA’ comprehensive emergency response structure:
    • Partnerships with local, State, and Federal organizations
    • Integration with the National Response Plan
    • Continual collaboration with Federal entities
    • Diagnostic capabilities
response in the event of an hpai outbreak
Response in the Event of an HPAI Outbreak
  • Response actions for domestic flocks:
    • Quarantine and humane euthanasia
    • Cleaning and disinfection of premises
    • Possible use of vaccine in poultry
    • Indemnity payments
    • Communication to media and the public
usda ai web site www usda gov birdflu
USDA AI Web Sitewww.usda.gov/birdflu
  • Information about “Biosecurity for the Birds” program
  • Links to other Federal entities working on AI
  • Fact Sheets and other information resources
  • Q&A on AI
  • News Releases
  • Technical Briefings
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