The Roman Empire 27BC-476AD. Economic Causes Heavy taxes. Population decline. Social Causes Erosion of traditional values. Self-serving upper class. “Bread and circuses”. Political Causes Oppressive government. Corrupt officials. Divided empire. Military Causes
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264-241BC Navy battles Carthage. Gained Sicily, Corsica, Sardina.
236BC Conquered Gauls in Po Valley.
218BC Hannibal invades during Punic Wars.
203BC Carthaginians defeated in Zama. Gained territories in Spain.
149BC Overtake Macedonia in third Macedonia War.
146BC Controlled Greeks.
133BC Kingdom of Pergamum given to Rome.
49BC Ceasar crosses Rubicon River. Civil War begins.
44BC Ceasar assasinated.
31BC Julius Caesar’s son Octavious defeats Atony and Cleopatra at Battle of Actium. Annexation of Egypt.
29BC Pax Romana begins.
27BC Roman Republic ends. Empire begins under Octavious Augustus. Three Roman Legions slaughetered by Arminius.
25BC Celtic kingdom, Galatia join empire.
6BC Paphlagania joined empire.
9AD Varus legions destroyed in Germany.
41AD Claudius invades Britain in Battle of Medway.
66AD Jewish Revolt. Vespasian legions in Judaea. Josepheus surrenders.
69AD Civil War, fight for throne.
79-117AD Domitian built forts in Germany.
114AD Armenia became Roman province.
116AD Adiabene and Mesopotamia conquered.
117AD Trajan builds wall across N.Britain to protect frontier from Caledonia.
251AD Defeated by Goths. Took Balkans and Anatolia.
270-275AD Aurelian abandons Dacia to Germans. Empire divides.
392AD Christianity becomes official religion by Theodosius.
400AD Battle Huns and Germans. Alaric invades Italy.
410AD Lose British and Gaul assistance. Sacked by Alaric.
476AD Odoacer. Germanic leader seizes Rome.Timeline
Elisabeth Gaynor Ellis and Anthony Esler. World History: Connections to Today.Upper Saddle River: Prentice Hall, 2001. p 128-151.