The roman empire 27bc 476ad
Download
1 / 17

The Roman Empire 27BC-476AD - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 411 Views
  • Updated On :
  • Presentation posted in: Travel / Places

The Roman Empire 27BC-476AD. Economic Causes Heavy taxes. Population decline. Social Causes Erosion of traditional values. Self-serving upper class. “Bread and circuses”. Political Causes Oppressive government. Corrupt officials. Divided empire. Military Causes

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha

Download Presentationdownload

The Roman Empire 27BC-476AD

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


The roman empire 27bc 476ad l.jpg

The Roman Empire27BC-476AD


Fall of rome l.jpg

Economic Causes

Heavy taxes.

Population decline.

Social Causes

Erosion of traditional values.

Self-serving upper class.

“Bread and circuses”.

Political Causes

Oppressive government.

Corrupt officials.

Divided empire.

Military Causes

Germanic invasions.

Weakened Roman legions.

Fall of Rome


Augustus l.jpg

Augustus

  • Augustus was the first emperor of Rome

  • His real name was Octavian but he was given the name 'Augustus' by the senate as an honour for his great achievements

  • He defeated Mark Anthony together with the famous Egyptian queen Cleopatra

  • With the senate of Rome, He created a new constitution for the great empire

  • Augustus built roads, aqueducts and buildingsfor Rome


Marcus cocceis nerva 96 ad 98 ad l.jpg

Marcus Cocceis Nerva96 AD – 98 AD

  • Born November 8, 30 AD

  • Became emperor in September 18th, 96 AD

    • Since the prior emperor, Domitian, had no sucessors, this was the first time the senate had to decide who became the new emperor. Nerva was appointed as ruler in 96 AD. He was elected in his late sixties and was wise and couragous. Since he had no heir to the throne, he took it upon himself to appoint his next ruler. In 97 AD, he chose Marcus Ulpius Trajanus. Nerva’s became remembered for the nomination of Trajan to rule the empire.

  • Nerva died in 98 AD


Marcus ulpius trajanus 98 ad 117 ad l.jpg

Marcus Ulpius Trajanus98 AD- 117 AD

  • Born on September 18th, 53 AD

  • Became emperor on January 28th, 98 AD

    • Trajan was a man of character and who spent most of his life in the military service. He specialty was in battles and using strategy against the enemy.

  • New laws Trajan set

    • Senate must always be informed about what is going on

    • Sovereign’s right to rule was compatible with freedom for those who were ruled

    • No senators could be put to death

  • Financial Problems

    • During Trajan’s reign the treasury ran low and must be refilled. Most emperors would just put heavy taxation on the citizens, but Trajan instead took money from the luxury of his own household and public departments. He also suppressed monopolies which largely reduce corruption in the economy.


Marcus ulpius trajanus l.jpg

Marcus Ulpius Trajanus

  • Military Action

    • Campaign of Danube (101AD to 106AD)

      • 101 AD, Trajan organized first Dacian expedition

        • Forced his way through rough terrain and got past “iron gates”.

        • Captured the Dacian capital

      • 103 AD Trajan went to battle again

        • Destroyed the Dacian’s kingdom in 104 AD

    • Battle for Armenia (113 AD to 116 AD)

      • Trajan headed east to the Euphrates where the Parthians settled.

      • King Chosroes pleaded for peace but Romans took Armenia and Mesopotamia


Marcus aurelius 161 ad 180 ad l.jpg

Marcus Aurelius161 AD- 180 AD

  • Born April 26th, 121 AD

  • Became emperor in March 7th, 161 AD

    • Miliatry Action

      • War against Parthia

        • Roman victories at Dura Europa, Ctesiphon

      • First Marcomanni War

        • Marcus Aurelius defeats Marcomanni and Quadi by 174.

      • Second Marcomanni War

        • Marcus Aurelius advances to Bohemia and Carpathian mountains. There he dies.

  • Avidius Cassius

    •   Roman general under Marcus Aurelius

      • he was sent to the East to counter the Parthian threat from 162 AD-165 AD. He defeated the Parthians, and was made by Aurelius the head of all military east of Egypt.

      • Later on, Cassius lead a revolt against Rome but was defeated


Lucius aurelius commodus 180 ad 192 ad l.jpg

Lucius Aurelius Commodus180 AD- 192 AD

  • Born on august 31th, 161 AD

  • Became emperor in March 17th, 180 AD

  • Commodus began what is known as the downfall for Rome

    • Made peace with the bordering barbarians

    • Returned to Rome where he lived for the entertainment

    • Plots against were found out and suppressed

    • Commodus was strangled in his bed by a paid assassin in 192 AD


Constantine the great l.jpg

Constantine the Great

  • Constantine the great was the first Christian emperor of the Roman empire

  • He defeated all the other would-be emperors and re-united the empire, which had been divided between many rulers

  • He also decided to move the capital of the empire from Rome to a town called Byzantium, which he renamed after himself - Constantinopolis

  • He also called together many bishops for the Council of Nicaea at which the exact nature of the Christian religion was defined


Slide10 l.jpg

Nero

  • Nero was crazy

  • He became emperor because his mother murdered his step-father, emperor Claudius

  • During his rule much of Rome burnt down in the Great Fire of Rome

  • After this he built himself a magnificent palace on the land cleared by the fire

  • There were rumours that he had started the fire himself, he blamed the Christians for it and then had many captured and thrown to the lions in the circus


Justinian l.jpg

Justinian

  • Justinian was considered the last great emperor

    • Western part of Rome had fell to the barbarians

    • His great generals Belisarius and Narses reconquered many parts of the empire

      • Manages to obtain even the city of Rome

    • Justinian also gathered all the roman laws and created a unified code of laws

      • These laws were known to set the basis for the western half of the world

    • He also built many great buildings in his capital, Constantinople

    • Justinian’s most well known work is the great church Santa Sophia, which today is the famous mosque 'Aya Sophia' in the Turkish city of Istanbul.


Early politics economics l.jpg

Early Politics & Economics

  • Two Systems

    • Civil Law.

      • Foreigners.

    • Law of Nations.

      • Roman citizenship.

  • Senate

    • 300 Patricians.

    • 2 Consuls.

    • Dictator.

    • Plebeians.

      • Tribunes.

      • Veto.

  • Trade Routes

    • Loot, taxes, commerce.

    • Latifundia.

    • Gap between rich and poor.

    • Virtues replaced.


Empire politics economics l.jpg

Empire Politics & Economics

  • Augustus Foundation

    • Senate with civil service.

    • High-level jobs.

    • Self-government.

  • Economic Reforms

    • Census.

    • Postal Service.

    • New Coins.

    • Roads, temples, farmland.

  • Crisis

    • Emperors.

    • High taxes and bureaucracy.

    • Diocletian division.


Military expansion l.jpg

Military Expansion


Roman religion l.jpg

Roman Religion

  • Early Republic

    • Gods and Goddesses.

      • Etruscans and Greeks.

      • Jupiter, Juno, Neptune, Poseidon, Mars.

    • Feasts & Celebrations.

      • Temples.

      • Statues.

      • Festivals.

  • Early Empire

    • Christianity.

      • Jesus and his followers.

      • Expanding through Paul.

    • Persecution.

      • Nero and scapegoat.


Timeline l.jpg

509BCRoman Republic.

264-241BCNavy battles Carthage. Gained Sicily, Corsica, Sardina.

236BCConquered Gauls in Po Valley.

218BCHannibal invades during Punic Wars.

203BCCarthaginians defeated in Zama. Gained territories in Spain.

149BCOvertake Macedonia in third Macedonia War.

146BCControlled Greeks.

133BCKingdom of Pergamum given to Rome.

49BCCeasar crosses Rubicon River. Civil War begins.

44BCCeasar assasinated.

31BCJulius Caesar’s son Octavious defeats Atony and Cleopatra at Battle of Actium. Annexation of Egypt.

29BCPax Romana begins.

27BCRoman Republic ends. Empire begins under Octavious Augustus. Three Roman Legions slaughetered by Arminius.

25BCCeltic kingdom, Galatia join empire.

6BCPaphlagania joined empire.

9ADVarus legions destroyed in Germany.

41ADClaudius invades Britain in Battle of Medway.

66ADJewish Revolt. Vespasian legions in Judaea. Josepheus surrenders.

69ADCivil War, fight for throne.

79-117ADDomitian built forts in Germany.

114ADArmenia became Roman province.

116ADAdiabene and Mesopotamia conquered.

117ADTrajan builds wall across N.Britain to protect frontier from Caledonia.

251ADDefeated by Goths. Took Balkans and Anatolia.

270-275ADAurelian abandons Dacia to Germans. Empire divides.

392ADChristianity becomes official religion by Theodosius.

400ADBattle Huns and Germans. Alaric invades Italy.

410ADLose British and Gaul assistance. Sacked by Alaric.

476ADOdoacer. Germanic leader seizes Rome.

Timeline


Bibliography l.jpg

Bibliography

http://www.resourcesforhistory.com/map.htm#help

http://www.personal.kent.edu/~bkharvey/roman/expansion/exprep.htm

Elisabeth Gaynor Ellis and Anthony Esler. World History: Connections to Today.Upper Saddle River: Prentice Hall, 2001. p 128-151.


ad
  • Login