The Roman Empire 27BC-476AD. Economic Causes Heavy taxes. Population decline. Social Causes Erosion of traditional values. Self-serving upper class. “Bread and circuses”. Political Causes Oppressive government. Corrupt officials. Divided empire. Military Causes
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Erosion of traditional values.
Self-serving upper class.
“Bread and circuses”.
Weakened Roman legions.
264-241BCNavy battles Carthage. Gained Sicily, Corsica, Sardina.
236BCConquered Gauls in Po Valley.
218BCHannibal invades during Punic Wars.
203BCCarthaginians defeated in Zama. Gained territories in Spain.
149BCOvertake Macedonia in third Macedonia War.
133BCKingdom of Pergamum given to Rome.
49BCCeasar crosses Rubicon River. Civil War begins.
31BCJulius Caesar’s son Octavious defeats Atony and Cleopatra at Battle of Actium. Annexation of Egypt.
29BCPax Romana begins.
27BCRoman Republic ends. Empire begins under Octavious Augustus. Three Roman Legions slaughetered by Arminius.
25BCCeltic kingdom, Galatia join empire.
6BCPaphlagania joined empire.
9ADVarus legions destroyed in Germany.
41ADClaudius invades Britain in Battle of Medway.
66ADJewish Revolt. Vespasian legions in Judaea. Josepheus surrenders.
69ADCivil War, fight for throne.
79-117ADDomitian built forts in Germany.
114ADArmenia became Roman province.
116ADAdiabene and Mesopotamia conquered.
117ADTrajan builds wall across N.Britain to protect frontier from Caledonia.
251ADDefeated by Goths. Took Balkans and Anatolia.
270-275ADAurelian abandons Dacia to Germans. Empire divides.
392ADChristianity becomes official religion by Theodosius.
400ADBattle Huns and Germans. Alaric invades Italy.
410ADLose British and Gaul assistance. Sacked by Alaric.
476ADOdoacer. Germanic leader seizes Rome.
Elisabeth Gaynor Ellis and Anthony Esler. World History: Connections to Today.Upper Saddle River: Prentice Hall, 2001. p 128-151.