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Review for Exam. Same format Topics Deep Sea Subtidal Benthic Intertidal Meiofauna Estuaries and Salt Marshes Don’t forget Oceans in the News Website will be up-to-date by tomorrow AM Outlines and ppt files (there already) Practice questions. Review for Exam.

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Review for exam l.jpg
Review for Exam

  • Same format

  • Topics

    • Deep Sea

    • Subtidal Benthic

    • Intertidal

    • Meiofauna

    • Estuaries and Salt Marshes

    • Don’t forget Oceans in the News

  • Website will be up-to-date by tomorrow AM

    • Outlines and ppt files (there already)

    • Practice questions


Review for exam2 l.jpg
Review for Exam

  • Think about similarities and differences in these different habitats

    • Abiotic factors

    • Biotic factors

    • Adaptations

    • Types of organisms


The review game l.jpg
The Review Game

  • If you want to play, pick up one A,B,C, and D (these are not grades!)

  • Stand up

  • Multiple choice questions – hold up your answer choice; sit down if you are incorrect

  • Last 5 left standing will win bonus points!


A soft bottom intertidal area with low wave action would be expected to have l.jpg
A soft bottom intertidal area with low wave action would be expected to have

  • Gravel substrate

  • Coarse sand substrate

  • Fine sand substrate

  • Mud substrate


A soft bottom intertidal area with low wave action would be expected to have5 l.jpg
A soft bottom intertidal area with low wave action would be expected to have

  • Gravel substrate

  • Coarse sand substrate

  • Fine sand substrate

  • Mud substrate


The base of the food chain for marine hydrothermal vents is which of the following l.jpg
The base of the food chain for marine hydrothermal vents is which of the following?

  • Algae

  • Copepods

  • Vestimentiferan worms

  • Bacteria


The base of the food chain for marine hydrothermal vents is which of the following7 l.jpg
The base of the food chain for marine hydrothermal vents is which of the following?

  • Algae

  • Copepods

  • Vestimentiferan worms

  • Bacteria


Slide8 l.jpg
Exclusion of one species from a shallow subtidal region due to the activities of another species (not including predation) is called:

  • Competitive interference

  • Disturbance

  • Keystone exploitation

  • Grazing


Slide9 l.jpg
Exclusion of one species from a shallow subtidal region due to the activities of another species (not including predation) is called:

  • Competitive interference

  • Disturbance

  • Keystone exploitation

  • Grazing


In the rocky intertidal zone which of the following resources is in limited supply l.jpg
In the rocky intertidal zone, which of the following resources is in limited supply?

  • Food

  • Oxygen

  • Space

  • Mates


In the rocky intertidal zone which of the following resources is in limited supply11 l.jpg
In the rocky intertidal zone, which of the following resources is in limited supply?

  • Food

  • Oxygen

  • Space

  • Mates


Members of which of the following phyla live only in the marine interstitial l.jpg
Members of which of the following phyla live resources is in limited supply?only in the marine interstitial?

  • Cnidaria

  • Gnathostomulida

  • Echinodermata

  • Nematoda


Members of which of the following phyla live only in the marine interstitial13 l.jpg
Members of which of the following phyla live resources is in limited supply?only in the marine interstitial?

  • Cnidaria

  • Gnathostomulida

  • Echinodermata

  • Nematoda


Which of the following is not a problem in the open water of the mesopelagic or deep sea l.jpg
Which of the following is resources is in limited supply?not a problem in the open water of the mesopelagic or deep-sea?

  • Finding food

  • Salinity changes

  • High pressure

  • Finding mates


Which of the following is not a problem in the open water of the mesopelagic or deep sea15 l.jpg
Which of the following is resources is in limited supply?not a problem in the open water of the mesopelagic or deep-sea?

  • Finding food

  • Salinity changes

  • High pressure

  • Finding mates


Extreme changes in temperature are not a physical characteristic in which environment l.jpg
Extreme changes in temperature are resources is in limited supply?not a physical characteristic in which environment?

  • Deep sea vents

  • Tidal pools

  • Subtidal benthos

  • Salt marshes


Extreme changes in temperature are not a physical characteristic in which environment17 l.jpg
Extreme changes in temperature are resources is in limited supply?not a physical characteristic in which environment?

  • Deep sea vents

  • Tidal pools

  • Subtidal benthos

  • Salt marshes


In salt marshes and estuaries which nutrient is most often limiting to primary production l.jpg
In salt marshes and estuaries, which nutrient is most often limiting to primary production?

  • Phosphorus

  • Iron

  • Sulfur

  • Nitrogen


In salt marshes and estuaries which nutrient is most often limiting to primary production19 l.jpg
In salt marshes and estuaries, which nutrient is most often limiting to primary production?

  • Phosphorus

  • Iron

  • Sulfur

  • Nitrogen


The predators with the biggest effects on entire infaunal communities in the subtidal are l.jpg
The predators with the biggest effects on entire infaunal communities in the subtidal are:

  • Surface predators

  • Digging predators

  • Burrowing predators

  • Meiofauna


The predators with the biggest effects on entire infaunal communities in the subtidal are21 l.jpg
The predators with the biggest effects on entire infaunal communities in the subtidal are:

  • Surface predators

  • Digging predators

  • Burrowing predators

  • Meiofauna


These subtidal benthic communities have high species diversity and endemism l.jpg
These subtidal benthic communities have high species diversity and endemism

  • Antarctic

  • Arctic

  • Temperate

  • Onondaga Lake


These subtidal benthic communities have high species diversity and endemism23 l.jpg
These subtidal benthic communities have high species diversity and endemism

  • Antarctic

  • Arctic

  • Temperate

  • Onondaga Lake


Kelp forests form throughout the world in l.jpg
Kelp forests form throughout the world in: diversity and endemism

  • Cold temperate waters with sandy bottoms

  • Cold temperate waters with hard bottoms

  • Warm temperate waters with sandy bottoms

  • Warm temperate waters with hard bottoms


Kelp forests form throughout the world in25 l.jpg
Kelp forests form throughout the world in: diversity and endemism

  • Cold temperate waters with sandy bottoms

  • Cold temperate waters with hard bottoms

  • Warm temperate waters with sandy bottoms

  • Warm temperate waters with hard bottoms


Slide26 l.jpg
As you go deeper in the sediments through the redox potential discontinuity, the redox potential changes rapidly from

  • Zero at surface to negative at depth

  • Zero at surface to positive at depth

  • Positive at surface to negative at depth

  • Negative at surface to positive at depth


Slide27 l.jpg
As you go deeper in the sediments through the redox potential discontinuity, the redox potential changes rapidly from

  • Zero at surface to negative at depth

  • Zero at surface to positive at depth

  • Positive at surface to negative at depth

  • Negative at surface to positive at depth


Most deep water abyssal animals are l.jpg
Most deep water abyssal animals are potential discontinuity, the redox potential changes rapidly from

  • Herbivores

  • Parasites

  • Primary producers

  • Scavengers


Most deep water abyssal animals are29 l.jpg
Most deep water abyssal animals are potential discontinuity, the redox potential changes rapidly from

  • Herbivores

  • Parasites

  • Primary producers

  • Scavengers


Many chemosynthetic organisms use as their primary inorganic energy source l.jpg
Many chemosynthetic organisms use potential discontinuity, the redox potential changes rapidly from as their primary inorganic energy source

  • H2O

  • H2S

  • CO2

  • SeO2


Many chemosynthetic organisms use as their primary inorganic energy source31 l.jpg
Many chemosynthetic organisms use potential discontinuity, the redox potential changes rapidly from as their primary inorganic energy source

  • H2O

  • H2S

  • CO2

  • SeO2


One example of allochthonous food sources in an estuary is l.jpg
One example of allochthonous food sources in an estuary is: potential discontinuity, the redox potential changes rapidly from

  • Detritus from benthic diatoms

  • Detritus from estuarine phytoplankton

  • Detritus from seagrass beds

  • Detritus from rivers


One example of allochthonous food sources in an estuary is33 l.jpg
One example of allochthonous food sources in an estuary is: potential discontinuity, the redox potential changes rapidly from

  • Detritus from benthic diatoms

  • Detritus from estuarine phytoplankton

  • Detritus from seagrass beds

  • Detritus from rivers


Slide34 l.jpg

This organism is a: potential discontinuity, the redox potential changes rapidly from

  • Osmoconformer at low salinities and an osmoregulator at high salinities

  • Osmoregulator at low salinities and an osmoconformer at high salinities

  • Always an osmoconformer

  • Always and osmoregulator


Slide35 l.jpg

This organism is a: potential discontinuity, the redox potential changes rapidly from

  • Osmoconformer at low salinities and an osmoregulator at high salinities

  • Osmoregulator at low salinities and an osmoconformer at high salinities

  • Always an osmoconformer

  • Always and osmoregulator


In the deep sea most of the food is l.jpg
In the deep sea, most of the food is: potential discontinuity, the redox potential changes rapidly from

  • Autochthonous and evenly distributed

  • Autochthonous and patchily distributed

  • Allochthonous and evenly distributed

  • Allochthonous and patchily distributed


In the deep sea most of the food is37 l.jpg
In the deep sea, most of the food is: potential discontinuity, the redox potential changes rapidly from

  • Autochthonous and evenly distributed

  • Autochthonous and patchily distributed

  • Allochthonous and evenly distributed

  • Allochthonous and patchily distributed


One adaptation of estuarine plants to high salinities is l.jpg
One adaptation of estuarine plants to high salinities is: potential discontinuity, the redox potential changes rapidly from

  • Aerenchyma

  • High rates of photosynthesis

  • Succulence

  • Strong root systems


One adaptation of estuarine plants to high salinities is39 l.jpg
One adaptation of estuarine plants to high salinities is: potential discontinuity, the redox potential changes rapidly from

  • Aerenchyma

  • High rates of photosynthesis

  • Succulence

  • Strong root systems


Which of the following is not a hypothesis to explain deep sea diversity l.jpg
Which of the following is potential discontinuity, the redox potential changes rapidly fromnot a hypothesis to explain deep sea diversity?

  • Stability time hypothesis

  • Keystone predation hypothesis

  • Cropper/disturbance hypothesis

  • Area hypothesis


Which of the following is not a hypothesis to explain deep sea diversity41 l.jpg
Which of the following is potential discontinuity, the redox potential changes rapidly fromnot a hypothesis to explain deep sea diversity?

  • Stability time hypothesis

  • Keystone predation hypothesis

  • Cropper/disturbance hypothesis

  • Area hypothesis


In which of the following communities is there little or no chemosynthesis l.jpg
In which of the following communities is there potential discontinuity, the redox potential changes rapidly from little or no chemosynthesis?

  • Rocky intertidal

  • Muddy intertidal

  • Deep sea vents

  • Cold seeps


In which of the following communities is there little or no chemosynthesis43 l.jpg
In which of the following communities is there potential discontinuity, the redox potential changes rapidly from little or no chemosynthesis?

  • Rocky intertidal

  • Muddy intertidal

  • Deep sea vents

  • Cold seeps


There are lots of periwinkles gastropods in the l.jpg
There are lots of periwinkles (gastropods) in the: potential discontinuity, the redox potential changes rapidly from

  • Supralittoral fringe

  • Midlittoral zone

  • Infralittoral fringe

  • Infralittoral zone


There are lots of periwinkles gastropods in the45 l.jpg
There are lots of periwinkles (gastropods) in the: potential discontinuity, the redox potential changes rapidly from

  • Supralittoral fringe

  • Midlittoral zone

  • Infralittoral fringe

  • Infralittoral zone


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