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Review 1. Chapters 1 – 8 . Test 1. Format 30 multiple choice questions 3 numerical Speed, distance, time Kepler’s 3 rd Law P 2 = R 3 27 general knowledge . Numerical Questions. Numerical Questions

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review 1

Review 1

Chapters 1 – 8

test 1
Test 1
  • Format
    • 30 multiple choice questions
    • 3 numerical
      • Speed, distance, time
      • Kepler’s 3rd Law P2 = R3
    • 27 general knowledge
slide4
Numerical Questions
    • A minor planet, orbiting the Sun, has a semi-major axis of 4 AU. What is its period?
    • If the middle of the Oort cloud is 20,000 AU away, how long does it take light from there to reach us?
    • A rover on Mars, which we assume is 0.6 AU from Earth, will go over a cliff in 6 minutes 10 s unless a radio signal reaches it in time to stop it. Is it worth sending a signal?
time and lunar phases
Time and Lunar Phases
  • If the full Moon is high in the sky, what time is it approximately?

6am

Sun

Earth

Full

Moon

New

Moon

Noon

Midnight

6pm

time and lunar phases ii
Time and Lunar Phases – II
  • It is 9pm and the Moon is high in the sky. What is its phase?

6am

Sun

Earth

Full

Moon

New

Moon

Noon

Midnight

6pm

slide8
1
  • What are constellations and asterisms?
  • What is the annual path of the Sun through the sky called?
  • What is the point directly overhead in the sky called?
  • Where is the best place on Earth to see all of the stars during a year?
slide9
2
  • What causes Lunar and Solar eclipses?
  • What is science? What is pseudo-science?
  • What was Thales’ great intellectual innovation?
  • What did Pythagoras believe about mathematics?
  • Who were the principal advocates of the doctrine of circular motion?
  • What is retrograde motion and how did the advocates of the geocentric model explain it?
slide10
3
  • Why was Bruno burned to death by the Church?
  • What was Copernicus’ principal motivation for his heliocentric model?
  • Who, shortly after the death of Copernicus, made observations of the planet\'s motions with great accuracy? What was the name of his assistant?
  • What were Galileo’s principal discoveries?
  • Why was Galileo arrested by the Church?
slide11
4
  • Newton published his researches in what book?
  • What is the shape of planetary orbits?
  • What does the equal area law imply about a planet’s speed?
  • What causes the seasons on Earth?
  • What is the significance of the equinoxes?
  • What is the significance of the solstices?
slide12
5
  • How can the Earth’s mass be measured?
  • How have we determined the Earth’s structure?
  • And what do we know about it?
  • What are plate tectonics, continental drift, fault lines, earth quakes?
  • What causes tides?
  • What is the Coriolis Effect?
  • Why is the sky on Earth blue?
  • What is escape speed and how does it affect atmospheres?
slide13
6
  • What is the greenhouse effect?
  • Venus and Earth are similar in mass and size, but very different in many other ways. Why?
  • How does Mars’ atmosphere differ from Earth’s?
  • What are the general characteristics of the Jovian planets?
slide14
7
  • What are some interesting facts about Jupiter and its moons?
  • What are comets, asteroids and meteoroids?
  • What interesting historical facts do we know about Halley’s comet?
  • What did the comet Shoemaker-Levy 9 do?
  • What are mass extinctions?
  • What is the Cretaceous/Tertiary boundary?
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