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# Review 1 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Review 1. Chapters 1 – 8 . Test 1. Format 30 multiple choice questions 3 numerical Speed, distance, time Kepler’s 3 rd Law P 2 = R 3 27 general knowledge . Numerical Questions. Numerical Questions

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### Review 1

Chapters 1 – 8

• Format

• 30 multiple choice questions

• 3 numerical

• Speed, distance, time

• Kepler’s 3rd Law P2 = R3

• 27 general knowledge

### Numerical Questions

• Numerical Questions

• A minor planet, orbiting the Sun, has a semi-major axis of 4 AU. What is its period?

• If the middle of the Oort cloud is 20,000 AU away, how long does it take light from there to reach us?

• A rover on Mars, which we assume is 0.6 AU from Earth, will go over a cliff in 6 minutes 10 s unless a radio signal reaches it in time to stop it. Is it worth sending a signal?

### General Knowledge

• If the full Moon is high in the sky, what time is it approximately?

6am

Sun

Earth

Full

Moon

New

Moon

Noon

Midnight

6pm

• It is 9pm and the Moon is high in the sky. What is its phase?

6am

Sun

Earth

Full

Moon

New

Moon

Noon

Midnight

6pm

• What are constellations and asterisms?

• What is the annual path of the Sun through the sky called?

• What is the point directly overhead in the sky called?

• Where is the best place on Earth to see all of the stars during a year?

• What causes Lunar and Solar eclipses?

• What is science? What is pseudo-science?

• What was Thales’ great intellectual innovation?

• What did Pythagoras believe about mathematics?

• Who were the principal advocates of the doctrine of circular motion?

• What is retrograde motion and how did the advocates of the geocentric model explain it?

• Why was Bruno burned to death by the Church?

• What was Copernicus’ principal motivation for his heliocentric model?

• Who, shortly after the death of Copernicus, made observations of the planet's motions with great accuracy? What was the name of his assistant?

• What were Galileo’s principal discoveries?

• Why was Galileo arrested by the Church?

• Newton published his researches in what book?

• What is the shape of planetary orbits?

• What does the equal area law imply about a planet’s speed?

• What causes the seasons on Earth?

• What is the significance of the equinoxes?

• What is the significance of the solstices?

• How can the Earth’s mass be measured?

• How have we determined the Earth’s structure?

• And what do we know about it?

• What are plate tectonics, continental drift, fault lines, earth quakes?

• What causes tides?

• What is the Coriolis Effect?

• Why is the sky on Earth blue?

• What is escape speed and how does it affect atmospheres?

• What is the greenhouse effect?

• Venus and Earth are similar in mass and size, but very different in many other ways. Why?

• How does Mars’ atmosphere differ from Earth’s?

• What are the general characteristics of the Jovian planets?

• What are some interesting facts about Jupiter and its moons?

• What are comets, asteroids and meteoroids?

• What interesting historical facts do we know about Halley’s comet?

• What did the comet Shoemaker-Levy 9 do?

• What are mass extinctions?

• What is the Cretaceous/Tertiary boundary?