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Name That Pesticide. How to Identify the Products Your Patients Are Exposed To. Helen Murphy, RN, FNP, MHS Director of Outreach Pacific Northwest Agricultural Safety and Health University of Washington, Seattle WA. 2009.

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name that pesticide

Name That Pesticide

How to Identify the Products Your Patients Are Exposed To

Helen Murphy, RN, FNP, MHS

Director of Outreach

Pacific Northwest Agricultural Safety and Health

University of Washington, Seattle WA

2009

the nomenclature of pesticides is similar to medications in that they have
The nomenclature of pesticides is similar to medications in that they have….
  • A brand/trade or product name: e.g. Motrin
  • A generic name (common name or active ingredient): ibuprofen
  • A chemical family: e.g. NSAID

Likewise one needs to know the chemical family and more specifically the common name to understand the health effect of an exposure and how to treatment a poisoning.

what the patient will know
What the Patient Will Know ?

NOT the common or chemical family name. More likely they can identify:

  • the BRAND name
  • the TYPE (insecticide, herbicide, fungicide, fumigant)
  • the CROP to which the pesticide was being applied.
pesticide product label
Pesticide Product Label
  • The label is the agriculture world = the package insert for the medical world
  • The label is the LAW and dictates:
    • Use
    • Required personal protective equipment
  • The label on the bottle or package provides basic information
sample package labels
Sample Package Labels
  • Type of pesticide
  • Company name
  • Brand/trade/product name
  • Common/generic name (sometimes the same as the active ingredients)
  • Chemical family
  • Signal word (hazard level)
slide6

Type

“Insecticide”

Brand Name

“SUPRACIDE”

Hazard Level

“Danger/poison”

Poison Icon

Common Name

“methadithion”

Chemical Family

‘organophosphate’

Antidote

“atropine”

Manufacturer

Gowan

class exercise distribute sample pesticide product labels
Temik

Sevin

Thiodan

Guthion

Dursban

Gramoxone

Weed Rhap

Asana

Captan

Roundup

Dithane

Ziram

Class ExerciseDistribute Sample Pesticide Product Labels
class exercise
Class Exercise
  • Find the following items on the label
    • Company/Manufacturer’s name
    • Brand/Product/Trade name
    • Common name (generic – active ingredient)
    • Type: use in agriculture
    • Chemical family
    • Signal word (hazard level)
    • Fill in the pesticide classification table (hand out)
slide10

Exercise: Classifying Pesticides

Pesticide Labels

*

Bayer

Temik

Aldicarb

Insecticide

Carbamate

Danger-poison

la

Verdicon

Sevin

Carbaryl

Insecticide

Carbamate

Caution

ll

UCP Alliance

Thiodan

Endosulfan

Insecticide

Organochlorine

Warning

ll

Bayer

Guthion

Azinophos methyl

Insecticide

Organophospate

Danger-poison

lb

Dow

Dursban

Chlorpyrifos

Insecticide

Warning

ll

Organophospate

Syngenta

Gramoxone

Paraquat

Herbicide

Paraquat

Danger-poison

ll

Helena

Weed Rhap

2, 4-D

Herbicide

Chlorophenoxy

Danger-poison

ll

DuPont

Asana

Esfenverlate

Insecticide

Pyrethroid

Warning

lV

Bayer

Captan

Captan

Fungicide

Danger-poison

II

Max

Roundup

Glyphosate

Herbicide

Caution

U-IV

Fungicide

Mancozeb

Dow

U-IV

Caution

Dithane

Cerexagri-Nisso

III

Ziram

Fungicide

Ziram

Danger

* WHO – World Health Organization International Classification

company name
Company Name
  • May be useful in looking up a product
  • Workers may confuse this name with the brand, product or trade name.
  • Some companies also produce pharmaceuticals.
brand trade product name
Brand/Trade/Product Name
  • Agricultural workers know pesticides primarily through the brand name
  • Companies will keep brand names but CHANGE the active ingredients (e.g. Raid)
  • Can use brand name as a search term
common name
Common Name
  • Critical identifier of the chemical
  • Some databases only allow you to search by common name.
  • Basis of treatment!
types of pesticides
Types of Pesticides

Disinfectants

Fumigants

Control pests by attacking their nervous system

Antibiotics for plants

Kill rodents with anticoagulants

Corrosive weed killers

pesticide chemical families grouping based on similarities
Pesticide Chemical Families-grouping based on similarities-
  • Similar chemically (similar structure)
  • Attacks pests in a similar way (toxicity)
  • Common treatment + antidote

Pyrethroid

insecticides

Organophosphate

insecticides

Carbamate

insecticides

Organochlorine

insecticides

Chlorophenoxy

Herbicides

Paraquat

Diquat

herbicides

slide16

How toxic is it?

Source: Richards, Kerry Penn State University Extension Service

ld 50
LD50

Lethal dose = Amount of chemical it takes to kill 50% of an experimental population

slide20

WHO International Standard

US Standard

*

*

DANGER/POISON = extremely toxic by ingestion

DANGER = extremely toxic high potential for skin and eye irritation

Adapted from Richards, Kerry Penn State University Extension Service

sample case
A patient comes into your office after spilling the weed killer – Direx - on himself. He is having some vague non specific problems.

How will you identify what kind of adverse heath effects he may experience?

Sample Case
pesticide identification resources
Pesticide Identification Resources
  • Poison Control (800) 222-1222 (TDD) 1(800) 572-0638
  • Google “Direx”
  • Pesticide Websites:
    • PAN
    • CDMS
    • NPIC

http://www.pesticideinfo.org/

http://www.cdms.net/LabelsMsds/LMDefault.aspx

http://npic.orst.edu/npicfact.htm

practice using these resources for diurex find
Practice: Using these resources for Diurex ™find
  • The common name
  • The chemical family
  • Health effects
  • Recommended decontamination
  • Recommended PPE

Describe the attributes of each resource used including advantages and disadvantages

slide25
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