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Name That Pesticide. How to Identify the Products Your Patients Are Exposed To. Helen Murphy, RN, FNP, MHS Director of Outreach Pacific Northwest Agricultural Safety and Health University of Washington, Seattle WA. 2009.

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Name that pesticide l.jpg

Name That Pesticide

How to Identify the Products Your Patients Are Exposed To

Helen Murphy, RN, FNP, MHS

Director of Outreach

Pacific Northwest Agricultural Safety and Health

University of Washington, Seattle WA

2009


The nomenclature of pesticides is similar to medications in that they have l.jpg
The nomenclature of pesticides is similar to medications in that they have….

  • A brand/trade or product name: e.g. Motrin

  • A generic name (common name or active ingredient): ibuprofen

  • A chemical family: e.g. NSAID

Likewise one needs to know the chemical family and more specifically the common name to understand the health effect of an exposure and how to treatment a poisoning.


What the patient will know l.jpg
What the Patient Will Know ? that they have….

NOT the common or chemical family name. More likely they can identify:

  • the BRAND name

  • the TYPE (insecticide, herbicide, fungicide, fumigant)

  • the CROP to which the pesticide was being applied.


Pesticide product label l.jpg
Pesticide Product Label that they have….

  • The label is the agriculture world = the package insert for the medical world

  • The label is the LAW and dictates:

    • Use

    • Required personal protective equipment

  • The label on the bottle or package provides basic information


Sample package labels l.jpg
Sample Package Labels that they have….

  • Type of pesticide

  • Company name

  • Brand/trade/product name

  • Common/generic name (sometimes the same as the active ingredients)

  • Chemical family

  • Signal word (hazard level)


Slide6 l.jpg

Type that they have….

“Insecticide”

Brand Name

“SUPRACIDE”

Hazard Level

“Danger/poison”

Poison Icon

Common Name

“methadithion”

Chemical Family

‘organophosphate’

Antidote

“atropine”

Manufacturer

Gowan


Class exercise distribute sample pesticide product labels l.jpg

Temik that they have….

Sevin

Thiodan

Guthion

Dursban

Gramoxone

Weed Rhap

Asana

Captan

Roundup

Dithane

Ziram

Class ExerciseDistribute Sample Pesticide Product Labels


Class exercise l.jpg
Class Exercise that they have….

  • Find the following items on the label

    • Company/Manufacturer’s name

    • Brand/Product/Trade name

    • Common name (generic – active ingredient)

    • Type: use in agriculture

    • Chemical family

    • Signal word (hazard level)

    • Fill in the pesticide classification table (hand out)


Pesticide classification table l.jpg
Pesticide Classification Table that they have….


Slide10 l.jpg

Exercise: Classifying Pesticides that they have….

Pesticide Labels

*

Bayer

Temik

Aldicarb

Insecticide

Carbamate

Danger-poison

la

Verdicon

Sevin

Carbaryl

Insecticide

Carbamate

Caution

ll

UCP Alliance

Thiodan

Endosulfan

Insecticide

Organochlorine

Warning

ll

Bayer

Guthion

Azinophos methyl

Insecticide

Organophospate

Danger-poison

lb

Dow

Dursban

Chlorpyrifos

Insecticide

Warning

ll

Organophospate

Syngenta

Gramoxone

Paraquat

Herbicide

Paraquat

Danger-poison

ll

Helena

Weed Rhap

2, 4-D

Herbicide

Chlorophenoxy

Danger-poison

ll

DuPont

Asana

Esfenverlate

Insecticide

Pyrethroid

Warning

lV

Bayer

Captan

Captan

Fungicide

Danger-poison

II

Max

Roundup

Glyphosate

Herbicide

Caution

U-IV

Fungicide

Mancozeb

Dow

U-IV

Caution

Dithane

Cerexagri-Nisso

III

Ziram

Fungicide

Ziram

Danger

* WHO – World Health Organization International Classification


Company name l.jpg
Company Name that they have….

  • May be useful in looking up a product

  • Workers may confuse this name with the brand, product or trade name.

  • Some companies also produce pharmaceuticals.


Brand trade product name l.jpg
Brand/Trade/Product Name that they have….

  • Agricultural workers know pesticides primarily through the brand name

  • Companies will keep brand names but CHANGE the active ingredients (e.g. Raid)

  • Can use brand name as a search term


Common name l.jpg
Common Name that they have….

  • Critical identifier of the chemical

  • Some databases only allow you to search by common name.

  • Basis of treatment!


Types of pesticides l.jpg
Types of Pesticides that they have….

Disinfectants

Fumigants

Control pests by attacking their nervous system

Antibiotics for plants

Kill rodents with anticoagulants

Corrosive weed killers


Pesticide chemical families grouping based on similarities l.jpg
Pesticide Chemical Families that they have….-grouping based on similarities-

  • Similar chemically (similar structure)

  • Attacks pests in a similar way (toxicity)

  • Common treatment + antidote

Pyrethroid

insecticides

Organophosphate

insecticides

Carbamate

insecticides

Organochlorine

insecticides

Chlorophenoxy

Herbicides

Paraquat

Diquat

herbicides


Slide16 l.jpg

How toxic is it? that they have….

Source: Richards, Kerry Penn State University Extension Service



Ld 50 l.jpg
LD Service50

Lethal dose = Amount of chemical it takes to kill 50% of an experimental population



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WHO International Standard Service

US Standard

*

*

DANGER/POISON = extremely toxic by ingestion

DANGER = extremely toxic high potential for skin and eye irritation

Adapted from Richards, Kerry Penn State University Extension Service



Sample case l.jpg

A patient comes into your office after spilling the weed killer – Direx - on himself. He is having some vague non specific problems.

How will you identify what kind of adverse heath effects he may experience?

Sample Case


Pesticide identification resources l.jpg
Pesticide Identification Resources killer – Direx - on himself. He is having some vague non specific problems.

  • Poison Control (800) 222-1222 (TDD) 1(800) 572-0638

  • Google “Direx”

  • Pesticide Websites:

    • PAN

    • CDMS

    • NPIC

http://www.pesticideinfo.org/

http://www.cdms.net/LabelsMsds/LMDefault.aspx

http://npic.orst.edu/npicfact.htm


Practice using these resources for diurex find l.jpg
Practice: killer – Direx - on himself. He is having some vague non specific problems. Using these resources for Diurex ™find

  • The common name

  • The chemical family

  • Health effects

  • Recommended decontamination

  • Recommended PPE

Describe the attributes of each resource used including advantages and disadvantages


Slide25 l.jpg

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/ killer – Direx - on himself. He is having some vague non specific problems.

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 3.0 Unported License.


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