mit pistol and rifle club basic marksmanship course
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MIT Pistol and Rifle Club Basic Marksmanship Course. Head Instructor Joe Foley 6:00-9:30PM. Introduction. Head Instructor About the Club Student Introductions. Class Information. Need ID & Writing Implement Focus on Competitive not Defensive Satisfies State Safety Requirements

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mit pistol and rifle club basic marksmanship course

MIT Pistol and Rifle ClubBasic Marksmanship Course

Head Instructor

Joe Foley


  • Head Instructor
  • About the Club
  • Student Introductions
class information
Class Information
  • Need ID & Writing Implement
  • Focus on Competitive not Defensive
  • Satisfies State Safety Requirements
    • Certificate to get a LTC or FID
pistol components
Pistol Components
  • Barrel
    • Front end where bullet exits
  • Frame
    • Backbone where everything is attached
  • Action
    • Moving parts: load,fire, and unload
pistol concepts
Pistol Concepts
  • Double-Action
    • Pulling the trigger cocks then releases hammer
  • Single-Action
    • Pulling trigger only releases the hammer
  • Hammerless
    • Hammer is not visible (internal mechanism)
pistol types
Pistol Types
  • Revolver
    • Distinctive spinning cylinder to hold cartridges
  • Semi-Automatic
    • Uses the power released by the action of firing to load the next shot from the Magazine
  • Fully Automatic
    • Same as above, but continues to fire while the trigger is pulled
ammunition types
Ammunition Types
  • Huge Variety
  • Most common pistol:
    • 22long rifle, 9mm, 45ACP
  • Large calibers are Centerfire
  • 22lr still dangerous
    • 12000PSI
    • 1 Mile
smith wesson model 41
Smith & Wesson Model 41
  • Semi-Automatic 22lr
  • Breaks down easily
  • Problem with Triggerlock
  • Adjusting sights with pennies
    • 1/8” click elevation(50ft)
    • 5/64” click windage(50ft)
    • 12 clocks per turn
s w model 41 cont
S&W Model 41(cont)
  • Disassemble
  • Parts:
    • Extractor, firing-pin
    • Slide-stop/ejector, trigger guard, hammer, safety, fore & back straps
  • Magazine vs Clip
    • Clip does not have contained spring
  • Demo feeding without barrel
mechanical safety
Mechanical Safety
  • A safety on a pistol is designed to reduce accidental discharge
  • It can fail – don’t trust it
golden safety rule
Golden Safety Rule
  • Always treat the gun as though it were loaded, even if you know it isn’t.
    • Other factors can change the state of the gun without your knowledge
  • Dummy plug
    • Verify unfireable from a distance
safety rules
Safety Rules
  • Always keep the gun pointed in a safe direction
  • Always keep your guns unloaded until you are ready to shoot
  • Always keep your finger off the trigger until ready to shoot
  • Know your target and what is beyond
  • These rules apply to Air Pistols also!
cease fire
Cease Fire
  • Stop Shooting Immediately
  • Remove your finger from the trigger
  • Keep the muzzle pointed in a safe direction
  • Wait for further instructions from the Range Officer
  • Anyone can call a “Cease Fire”
  • Lead is Toxic if ingested
  • Wash hands before eating
  • One fatality known since 1820’s
    • Don’t eat/drink on the range!
eyes and ears
Eyes and Ears
  • Gun discharge extremely loud
    • Esp. in enclosed spaces
  • Wear Hearing protectors or Earplugs
  • Wear Eye protectors
    • Flying brass
shooting fundamentals
Shooting Fundamentals
  • Natural Point of Aim
  • Grip
  • Breath Control
  • Sight Alignment
  • Trigger Squeeze
  • Followthrough
natural point of aim
Natural Point of Aim
  • Find dominant eye
  • Find comfortable position
    • 45 degrees is good start
    • Feet at shoulder distance
  • Hand points at the center of the target
  • Lock wrist and elbow
  • Move back foot to adjust angle
  • Grip should be firm
    • Not limp nor crushing
      • “Holding a child’s hand”
    • Consistent
      • Memorize how it feels
      • Non-shooting hand to adjust
breath control
Breath Control
  • Hold breath while making the shot
    • Reduces body movement
  • 8-10 seconds before losing visual acuity
  • Take deep breaths to slow down heart-rate
  • Take a breath while lifting the gun
  • Let out small amounts of air to adjust vertical position
sight alignment
Sight Alignment
  • Demo with Sight Toy
  • Focus on the front sight with Dominant Eye!
  • Tops should be even
  • Front sight in the middle of the notch
    • Equal spacing on both sides
  • Point of Aim
    • Center hold, 6-o’clock, sub-6, line of white
    • 8” sight radius: 1/16” = 5” at 50ft
trigger squeeze
Trigger Squeeze
  • Smoothly
  • Straight to the Back
    • Without disturbing sight alignment
  • Finger placement
  • Dry firing
follow through
Follow through
  • After making the shot, re-sight it
  • Hold it (1-2 seconds)
  • Call the shot
  • Minimizes unneccessary movement before bullet leaves barrel
  • Build muscle memory and tone
    • Rapid Fire training
sight adjustment
Sight Adjustment
  • Rear Sight in direction to move shots
    • Shooting high, move sights higher
  • German “bei” means “if”
ammunition components
Ammunition Components
  • Case
    • Precise brass container
  • Primer
    • Senstive to shock
  • Powder
    • Nitrocellulous aka. Smokeless Powder
  • Bullet
    • Usually lead, sometimes with brass coating
  • Burns Fast and Produces Hot Gases
  • Exponential Speed as Temperature Increases
  • Demonstration
  • High Pressure Loads (+P, +P+)
  • Misfire
    • Fails after primer struck by firing pin
  • Hangfire
    • Slow ignition
  • Keep pistol pointed in safe direction 30 seconds before clearing the “dud”
  • Squib load
    • Underpowered
    • Check for blockage in barrel
  • Clean each time used
  • Make sure:
    • Unloaded
    • Action Open
    • No Ammunition nearby
  • Clean from rear to reduce muzzle wear
    • Avoid denting crown
  • Need to be inaccessible to unauthorized persons
    • Trigger Locks
    • Gunsafes
    • Locked Boxes
  • Laws vary
  • Ask local law enforcement or legal counsel for specific rules and regulations