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Lesson 2, A King Like All The Nations. Overview, 1 Sam 8-12 1 Sam 8:1-22, Israel’s demand Vv. 1-5, The demand by all the elders for a king Vv. 6-9, The decision by the L ORD regarding a king Vv. 10-18, The disadvantages of having a king revealed

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Lesson 2, A King Like All The Nations

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Lesson 2 a king like all the nations l.jpg

Lesson 2, A King Like All The Nations

  • Overview, 1 Sam 8-12

    • 1 Sam 8:1-22, Israel’s demand

      • Vv. 1-5, The demand by all the elders for a king

      • Vv. 6-9, The decision by the LORD regarding a king

      • Vv. 10-18, The disadvantages of having a king revealed

      • Vv. 19-22, The determination of Israel to have a king

    • 1 Sam 9:1-25, Saul selected

      • Vv. 1-13, A task unbecoming a king

      • Vv. 14-21, Samuel greets Saul

      • Vv. 22-25, A meal fit for a king

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Lesson 2, A King Like All The Nations

  • Overview, 1 Sam 8-12, continued

    • 1 Sam 9:26-10:16, Saul privately anointed

      • 9:26-27, Samuel’s private conversation with Saul

      • 10:1-8, Saul privately anointed

      • 10:9-16, God changes Saul’s heart

    • 1 Sam 10:17-27, Saul publicly chosen king at Mizpah

    • 1 Sam 11:1-15, The Spirit of God comes mightily upon Saul

      • 1 Sam 11:1-11, The challenge of the Ammonites

        • Vv. 1-3, The attack on Jabesh

        • Vv. 4-11, The actions of Saul

      • 1 Sam 11:12-15, The general recognition of Saul at Gilgal

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Lesson 2, A King Like All The Nations

  • Overview, 1 Sam 8-12, concluded

    • 1 Sam 12:1-25, Samuel addresses Israel

      • Vv. 1-5, Samuel testifies of his integrity.

      • Vv. 6-12, Samuel gives a brief of Israel’s history with the LORD as their King.

      • Vv. 13-18, The LORD’s will regarding a king.

      • Vv. 19-25, Warnings regarding a king.

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Lesson 2, A King Like All The Nations

  • Why did the elders of Israel want a king? 1 Sam 8:5, 20

    • Samuel had grown old (about 75)

    • Samuel’s sons, Joel and Abijah, did not walk in his ways.

      • Turned aside for dishonest gain, took bribes, perverted justice

    • “Appoint a king for us…like all the nations” (8:5)

      • 1 Sam 8:5, “Nations,” i.e., non-Israelite. The elders were willing to change being ruled by God to being judged by a king like the “nations.”

    • …“That our king may judge us and go out before us and fight our battles” (8:20).

      • 1 Sam 8:20, “Our” battles, not the LORD’s battles! Cf. Deut 20:1-4; Judg 4:14; 1 Sam 18:17; 1 Sam 25:28; 2 Sam 5:24

  • Application

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Lesson 2, A King Like All The Nations

  • Procedures[Heb: mispat] (manner, KJV, AS; behavior, NKJ; ways, RV; will do, NIV ) of the king, i.e., the legal demands a king would place on them , 1 Sam 8:9ff:

    • Conscription of sons and daughters for royal service

    • Conscription of sons for military service

    • Seizure of the best of their fields, vineyards, groves

    • A 10% tax

    • Seizure of their male and female servants

    • “You yourselves will become his servants”

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From the Context:

LORD

King

Procedures

People

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Lesson 2, A King Like All The Nations

  • What were the ordinances [Heb; mispat] (manner, KJV, AS; behavior, NKJ; rights and duties, RV; regulations, NIV) of the kingdom? 1 Sam 10:25

    • In the plural form, describes legal judgments, cases, examples, laws, and specifications:

      • The duties of the king with respect to the LORD

      • The duties of the king with respect to God’s people

      • The duties of people with respect to the LORD and to the king.

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From the Context:

LORD

King

Ordinances

Ordinances

Procedures

People

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Lesson 2, A King Like All The Nations

  • Discuss Israel’s great wickedness in asking for a king.

    • “They have not rejected you, but they have rejected Me from being King over them,” (8:7; 10:19; cf. 12:12).

      • Rejected: to treat as loathsome, e.g., in refusing to heed God or to accept His authority

    • “Like all the deeds since Egypt…forsaken [i.e., apostatize] Me and served other gods…” (8:8)

      • They were expressing dissatisfaction with the way the LORD had been leading them.

      • They wanted the splendor of a visible monarch (to order their national affairs not by faith, but by sight).

  • Application

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Lesson 2, A King Like All The Nations

  • How could the LORD be displeased with their request for a king, but nevertheless give them a king? 1 Sam 10:19

    • Although the LORD recognized the need for a king, He was displeased with the state of their hearts from which came the desire for a king. [Cf. Balaam, Num 22:12, 20, 22, 32.]

      • The term “rule over”, 9:17; 10:1, is appropriate, i.e., they needed a king. Cf. Judg 21:25, “…there was no king in Israel...”

  • Application

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Lesson 2, A King Like All The Nations

  • Discuss the providence of God in Saul’s selection. [Providence: God’s hand moving in our lives through non-miraculous means.]

    • For example, “I will send,” 1 Sam 9:16

      • Donkeys were lost, but found after Saul meets Samuel

      • A servant with Saul who suggests, “ask the seer”

      • The servant had a ¼ shekel of silver

      • The young women give directions to find Samuel

  • Application

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Lesson 2, A King Like All The Nations

  • Discuss the LORD’s hand in decisions by lot.

    • Perhaps by use of Urim and Thummin for religious decisions

      • Lev 16:8, scapegoat selected by lot

      • Judg 20:9f, …go up against Gibeah by lot

      • Josh 7:14, Achan identified by lot

      • Josh 18:10,…divided the land by lot

      • 1Sam 10:20-22, Saul chosen by lot

      • 1 Sam 14:41, Jonathan chosen by lot

      • Prov 16:33,…but every decision is from the LORD

      • Acts 1:26,…the lot fell on Matthias

        • Last mention in scripture

    • Cf. Jonah 1:7; Esther 3:7; Mt 27:35;

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Lesson 2, A King Like All The Nations

  • Discuss Samuel’s superior position as prophet to both king and priest.

    • 1 Sam 10:25, It is Samuel who writes the ordinances of the kingdom and placed them before the LORD.

    • 1 Sam 10:25, It is Samuel who sends the people away.

    • 1 Sam 11:14, “…come, let us go to Gilgal and renew the kingdom there.”

    • 1 Sam 12:18, All the people greatly feared the LORD and Samuel.

    • 1 Sam 13:8-14, Samuel tells Saul he will have no lasting dynasty .

    • 1 Sam 15:1-3, Samuel tells Saul the LORD’s orders.

    • 1 Sam 15:10-35, Samuel rebukes Saul.

    • 1 Sam 16:12-13, Samuel anoints David as Saul’s replacement.

    • 1 Sam 28:12-14, Saul pays homage to Samuel.

  • Application

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