JUDAISM. Judaism. Worldwide: 14,551,000 Jews US: 5.6 million Asia: 4.5 million Europe: 2.4 million Many different groups/divisions of Judaism that exist Conflicting beliefs about observances, etc. Importance of History.
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*The basis of the Jewish religion is its history. It is the most important aspect.
From the beginning, the Jewish people have interpreted acts of history as God acting on behalf of the Jewish people
Either to promote them or to punish them
History is seen as the story of God’s intervention in the lives of His “Chosen People”
2. Prophets: Words and revelations of the minor and major prophets
3. Writings: poetic and devotional material written and used during the same time as the Prophets, words and works of the sages
Jews do of history as God acting on behalf of the Jewish peoplenot believe in "original sin" (no need for a "savior" in the Christian sense)
The Ten Commandments
first 4 have to do with our relationship with God
Next 6 refer to our relationship with other peopleA Few Main Beliefs
Rebellion against God and consequential expulsion of history as God acting on behalf of the Jewish people
Adam and Eve
Who is the Messiah?
Has not arrived yet to usher in a new age
He is expectedProblem for Humans
Shabbat dinner of history as God acting on behalf of the Jewish people
Sweets for a sweet new year
Chanukkah of history as God acting on behalf of the Jewish people
Celebrated rededication of Jerusalem temple in 164 BCE (after destruction by Greeks)
Sacred oil lasted 8 days for celebration