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Highlighting the Space Weather Monitor Program. CISM Space Weather Professional Development for Educators. Deborah Scherrer, Roberta Johnson, Ramon Lopez, Pat Reiff, Marius Schamschula Stanford U., NCAR, Florida Institute of Tech., Rice U., Alabama A&M. Quick Overview. Objectives The Plan

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Highlighting the space weather monitor program l.jpg

Highlighting the Space Weather Monitor Program

CISM Space Weather Professional Development for Educators

Deborah Scherrer, Roberta Johnson, Ramon Lopez, Pat Reiff, Marius Schamschula

Stanford U., NCAR, Florida Institute of Tech., Rice U., Alabama A&M


Quick overview l.jpg
Quick Overview

  • Objectives

  • The Plan

  • Details

  • CISM Interconnections

  • Center Leverage

  • Educational Professional Development

  • Web-based Training

  • IHY

  • The Monitors – SID and AWESOME

  • Project Structure

  • Our Team


Objectives l.jpg

Provide space weather resources and professional development for grades 6-14 teachers

Integrate CISM research and education

Leverage off Center concept and engage CISM scientists with the educational program

Respond to diversity needs

Objectives


The plan l.jpg
The Plan for grades 6-14 teachers

  • Team community college & high school educators with scientists to:

  • Design, develop, & classroom-test VLF radio receivers that track changes to the Earth’s ionosphere caused by solar activity

  • Provide Standards-based, hands-on, inquiry-driven science experience for teachers and students

  • Return data useful to researchers

  • Involve high school, undergraduate (incl. community college), and graduate students

  • Involve researchers


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How? for grades 6-14 teachers

  • Based on AAVSO original concept

  • 2 versions:

    • SID – inexpensive (~$150)

    • AWESOME – research quality (~$3000)

  • Preassembled, but students build their own antenna (~$10)

  • Centralized data repository & chat site


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  • Are placing 100 SIDs and 15 AWESOMES in under-represented high schools, community colleges, & science museums

  • Leverage from CISM Education Partners

    • Teacher workshops (NCAR)

    • University application (Alabama A&M)

    • Integration into teacher-training courses (Rice U.)

    • Development of web-based training (Exploratorium, NCAR, Stanford)

  • Engagement from CISM Science Partners:

    • Distribute in a Partnership model, to encourage scientist-teacher-student collaborations

    • Return data to CISM and other researchers

  • All materials standards-based

  • Professional formative & summative assessment

  • Obtained supplemental funding from NASA


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CISM Interconnections high schools, community colleges, & science museums

Integration of research and education

  • Space Weather data returned

  • Engagement of scientists with K-14 schools & students

Sphere of Broadening impact

“Pipeline” bridges

High School -> community college/university  grad school

Space Weather Monitor Program

--

Helping to address multiple

dimensions of

CISM review criteria

K-14 Introduced

to Space Weather

Infrastructure

for science

or education

Web-based training resources, produced

in conjunction with CISM scientists:

Exploratorium website

NCAR website

Stanford website

Centralized data repository

Software for data analysis

Diversity

Teacher interns, students,

professional development,

workshops,

courses


It takes a center l.jpg
It takes a Center… high schools, community colleges, & science museums

  • Space Monitor program leverages off Center concept

  • Provides coherence – interconnection with multiple partners and varied programs

  • Integrates research and education


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Educator Professional Development high schools, community colleges, & science museums

  • NCAR provides professional development workshops, in person and online, about space weather topics to teachers – these will be modified to include the Space Weather Monitors

  • Rice U. will be integrating the monitors into their Physics of Ham Radio course for teachers.

  • Alabama A&M will be integrating the monitors into their space science program


Cism web based training resources l.jpg
CISM high schools, community colleges, & science museumsWeb-based Training Resources

  • Exploratorium Space Weather Research Explorer

    http://www.exploratorium.edu/spaceweather/

    Produced in conjunction with CISM partners @ UC Berkeley & Stanford

    Includes CISM imagery, interviews with CISM scientists, pointers to “live” CISM data

  • NCAR’s Windows to the Universe – Space Weather

    http://www.windows.ucar.edu/tour/link=/space_weather/space_weather.html

  • Stanford Solar Center – Space Weather Monitors

    http://solar-center.stanford.edu/SID


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IHY 2007 high schools, community colleges, & science museums

  • The United Nations and organizers of the International Heliophysical Year, 2007, have designated these Space Weather Monitors as official IHY instruments, to be placed in 191 countries around the world.


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Overview of the Monitors high schools, community colleges, & science museums

  • The Sun & Earth’s Ionosphere

  • VLF Transmitters

  • About our monitors

  • Data & tracking

  • Connecting monitor data with GOES

  • Connecting data to solar active regions


The sun ionosphere and radio waves l.jpg
The Sun, ionosphere, and radio waves high schools, community colleges, & science museums


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VLF Transmitters high schools, community colleges, & science museums

24 around the world

Antenna Wires

Primarily U.S. Navy stations for communicating with submarines

“NLK” 24.8 KHz Navy Radio Station, Jim Creek, WA

1 cycle = 7.5 miles (12 km)

200’ Towers

  • VLF signals can be received all over the world, because of the ionosphere!


Our monitors l.jpg

SID high schools, community colleges, & science museums

Low Cost (~$150)

Single band

1 sample/5 seconds

Preassembled & tuned

Students build antenna

Available free to underserved schools

AWESOME

Moderate cost (~$3000)

Broadband; sample rate of 100kHz on each channel

Capture ELF/VLF frequencies

~30 Hz - 50kHz

Dual use system:

Daytime: monitor solar activity

Nighttime: monitor atmospheric phenomena (e.g. lightning)

So sensitive that nearly any signal above the ambient Earth noise floor can be detected

Data useable for ionospheric and solar researchers

Our Monitors


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Detecting Solar Flares – SID(s) high schools, community colleges, & science museums

SID Events!

Not all events are readily explainable – students can research these


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GOES-12 Weather Satellite high schools, community colleges, & science museums

Detecting X-Rays


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Connecting SID to GOES Data high schools, community colleges, & science museums

C5.9

M1.3

C4.5

C3.8

Students have also found flares not cataloged by GOES!!!


Connecting sid events to sunspots active regions l.jpg
Connecting SID events to sunspots (Active Regions) high schools, community colleges, & science museums

#Event Begin Max End Obs Q Type Loc/Frq Particulars Reg#

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------------

1960 + 1727 1736 1744 G12 5 XRA 1-8A C4.5 3.1E-03 0424

1990 + 1930 1946 1954 G12 5 XRA 1-8A C5.9 5.9E-03 0424

2000 + 2112 2134 2140 G12 5 XRA 1-8A C3.8 3.1E-03 0424

2040 + 2341 2354 0002 G12 5 XRA 1-8A M1.3 8.5E-03 0424


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Funding high schools, community colleges, & science museums

NSF-CISM

NASA

Teachers

Ionospheric Researchers

Solar Researchers

Students

AAVSO

Teacher Workshops & courses

Science museums

NCAR

Rice U

5 AWESOME

Web-based training in space weather

NCAR

Exploratorium

Solar Center

Centralized database

& communications

D

D = Includes diversity component

Technology

& expertize

D

Integration back into science research

Integration back into science research

Design & develop

SID & AWESOME

Planning

Communications

Coordination

Integration into university environment

Alabama A&M

D

Partners

Production

Reporting

Distribution

Traffic Control

Distribution

Distribution

Partnerships

Engagement of CISM scientists with teachers & students

D

D

General Public

Interest in

& awareness of

Space Weather

Teachers and classrooms – high school & community college

D

D

100 SIDs

10 AWESOME


Our team l.jpg

Stanford Partners high schools, community colleges, & science museums

Philip Scherrer, Solar Observatories Group

Umran Inan, Stanford EE

Hao Thai, Solar Observatories Group

Deborah Scherrer, Stanford Solar Center

Students

Morris Cohen, Stanford EE

Justin Tan, Stanford EE

Shannon Lee, Chabot Community College

Sharad Khanal, Stanford Physics

Scott Winegarden, Mid Penninsula High School

(now at UC Irvine)

Mitch Patenaude, Cal State Hayward

Sam Penrose, Cal State Hayward

Kenny Oslund, Castro Valley High (now at CalTech)

Educators

Ray Mitchell, Chief Engineer; Chabot Community College, Cal State Hayward

William Clark, San Lorenzo High School

Richard Styner, San Lorenzo High School

Sean Fotrell, Castro Valley High School

Tim Dave, Chabot Community College

CISM Partners

Roberta Johnson, NCAR

Ramon Lopez, Florida Institute of Tech.

Pat Reiff, Rice University

Marius Schamschula, Alabama A&M

Concept: Paul Mortfield

Our Team


For more information on space weather monitors l.jpg
For more information high schools, community colleges, & science museumson Space Weather Monitors

http://solar-center.stanford.edu/SID

[email protected]


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