CHAPTER
Download
1 / 22

First Age of Empires - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 394 Views
  • Updated On :

CHAPTER. 4. QUIT. First Age of Empires, 1570 B.C. –200 B.C. Chapter Overview. Time Line. The Empires of Egypt and Nubia Collide. 1. SECTION. Assyria Dominates the Fertile Crescent. 2. SECTION. Persia Unites Many Lands . 3. SECTION. GRAPH. An Empire Unifies China. 4. SECTION.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'First Age of Empires' - MartaAdara


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
Slide1 l.jpg

CHAPTER

4

QUIT

First Age of Empires,

1570 B.C.–200 B.C.

Chapter Overview

Time Line

The Empires of Egypt and Nubia Collide

1

SECTION

Assyria Dominates the Fertile Crescent

2

SECTION

Persia Unites Many Lands

3

SECTION

GRAPH

An Empire Unifies China

4

SECTION

Visual Summary


Slide2 l.jpg

CHAPTER

4

Chapter Overview

HOME

First Age of Empires,

1570 B.C.–200 B.C.

A series of empires, each one bigger than the last, forges regional unity among the old heartlands of civilization from the Nile to the Iranian Plateau. Meanwhile, the Chinese Empire emerges as a cultural and political unit.


Slide3 l.jpg

CHAPTER

4

HOME

First Age of Empires,

1570 B.C.–200 B.C.

Time Line

206 B.C.The Qin Dynasty of China collapses. Civil War follows.

1544 B.C.Egypt’s New Kingdom established.

751 B.C.Nubian kingdom of Kush conquers Egypt.

1570 B.C.

200 B.C.

850 B.C.Assyrian Empire begins its rise to power.

550 B.C.Persian Empire flourishes under Cyrus.


Slide4 l.jpg

1

HOME

The Empires of Egypt

and Nubia Collide

Key Idea

The New Kingdom forges a brilliant Egyptian Empire, which is eventually conquered and ruled by the Nubians of Kush. The Kushites later establish an Egyptian-style kingdom of their own farther south.

Overview

Assessment


Slide5 l.jpg

1

TERMS & NAMES

MAIN IDEA

HOME

The Empires of Egypt

and Nubia Collide

Overview

•Hyksos

•New Kingdom

•Hatshepsut

•Thutmose III

•Nubia

•Ramses II

•Kush

•Piankhi

•Meroë

WHY IT MATTERS NOW

Two empires along the Nile, Egypt and Nubia, forged commercial, cultural, and political connections.

Neighboring civilizations participate in cultural exchange as well as conflict.

Assessment


Slide6 l.jpg

1

1

Section

Assessment

1570 B.C.

A.D. 350

Egyptian New Kingdom

Aksum defeats Meroë.

HOME

The Empires of Egypt

and Nubia Collide

1. Look at the graphic to help organize your thoughts. List important events in the history of Egypt and Kush.

1285 B.C. Battle of Kadesh

1200 B.C. People of the Sea attack Egypt.

950-730 B.C. Libyans rule Egypt.

1472 B.C. Hatshepsut makes herself pharaoh.

1290-1224 B.C. Ramses II rules.

1100 B.C.Kush regains independence.

671 B.C.Kushites lose Egypt to Assyrians.

continued . . .


Slide7 l.jpg

1

HOME

The Empires of Egypt

and Nubia Collide

1

Section

Assessment

2. Read the temple inscription written by Piankhi. Explain how an Egyptian might have written the inscription differently.THINK ABOUT

•what bias Piankhi had

•how Egyptians benefited from Piankhi’s invasion

•why Egyptians might have disagreed with Piankhi

ANSWER

An Egyptian might have praised the Kushites for restoring the Egyptian way of life or criticized them for ruling in place of Egyptians.

Possible Response:

continued . . .


Slide8 l.jpg

1

HOME

The Empires of Egypt

and Nubia Collide

1

Section

Assessment

3. How did Egypt and Nubia strengthen each other at various times in their histories?THINK ABOUT

• the role of trade and the movement of goods

• the impact of military movements

• the influence of cultural developments

ANSWER

  • Under Thutmose III, Egyptians brought gold, cattle, ivory, and slaves from Nubia.

  • Under Egyptian control, Nubian princes adopted much of Egyptian culture.

  • When Nubians seized power over Egypt, they tried to restore the Egyptian way of life.

Possible Responses:

End of Section 1


Slide9 l.jpg

2

HOME

Assyria Dominates

the Fertile Crescent

Key Idea

The Assyrians absorb Egypt into a Mesopotamian Empire and perfect terror as a means of rule. The Chaldeans and Medes finally annihilate Assyria, only to be swallowed up by the growing Persian Empire.

Overview

Assessment


Slide10 l.jpg

2

TERMS & NAMES

MAIN IDEA

HOME

Assyria Dominates

the Fertile Crescent

Overview

•Assyria

•Sennacherib

•Nineveh

•Ashurbanipal

•Medes

•Chaldeans

• Nebuchadnezzar

WHY IT MATTERS NOW

Assyria developed a military machine, conquered an empire, and established imperial administration.

Some leaders still use military force to extend their rule, stamp out opposition, and gain wealth and power.

Assessment


Slide11 l.jpg

2

2

Section

Assessment

Assyrian Military Power

Causes of Increasing Power

Causes of Declining Power

1.

1.

2.

2.

3.

3.

HOME

Assyria Dominates

the Fertile Crescent

1. Look at the graphic to help organize your thoughts. Identify the causes of the rise and of the decline of Assyrian power.

Need to defend against attacks

Hatred by conquered people

Use of iron-working technology

Overextension

Success at advanced planning

Unity among Assyria’s foes

continued . . .


Slide12 l.jpg

2

HOME

Assyria Dominates

the Fertile Crescent

2

Section

Assessment

2. The Assyrians relied almost exclusively on military power in building, maintaining, and ruling their empire. Explain whether you think this was a good strategy.

THINK ABOUT

•the causes of Assyrian military power

•the stability of the empire

•the methods that empires use to become stronger

ANSWER

Empires often rely on military power. Assyrians relied on a technological advantage that other countries could soon copy and that their brutal methods made them unpopular rulers.

Possible Response:

End of Section 2


Slide13 l.jpg

3

HOME

Persia Unites

Many Lands

GRAPH

Key Idea

Persian kings forge a multicultural empire stretching from the Indus River to the Nile. Persia pioneers enlighten tolerance in government and support the Zoroastrian religion.

Overview

Assessment


Slide14 l.jpg

3

TERMS & NAMES

MAIN IDEA

HOME

Persia Unites

Many Lands

GRAPH

Overview

•Cyrus

•Cambyses

•Darius

• satrap

•Royal Road

•Zoroaster

WHY IT MATTERS NOW

The Persian Empire ruled with tolerance and wise government.

Tolerance and wise government are characteristics of the most successful methods of rule.

Assessment


Slide15 l.jpg

3

Darius Only

Cyrus Only

HOME

Persia Unites

Many Lands

GRAPH

3

Section

Assessment

1. Look at the graphic to help organize your thoughts. Explain the similarities and differences between Cyrus and Darius.

Both

Cyrus founded the Persian Empire and allowed the Jews to return to Jerusalem.

Both ruled fairly and expanded the empire.

Darius seized power and introduced coins of standard value.

continued . . .


Slide16 l.jpg

3

HOME

Persia Unites

Many Lands

GRAPH

3

Section

Assessment

2. Why do you think Persians and other peoples were able to turn their thoughts to religion? THINK ABOUT

•past history of peoples in the Fertile Crescent

•living conditions in the Persian Empire

•role of leaders in the Persian Empire

ANSWER

The tolerance displayed by Cyrus and other Persian rulers probably encouraged people to practice their religious beliefs.

Possible Response:

continued . . .


Slide17 l.jpg

3

HOME

Persia Unites

Many Lands

GRAPH

3

Section

Assessment

3. How did Darius’s methods of administration give stability to his empire?THINK ABOUT

•the structure of the empire

•policy of tolerance

•the role of the satrap

ANSWER

  • He divided the empire into 20 provinces.

  • He appointed a satrap for each province.

  • He tolerated other religions, languages, and local laws.

  • Road system and coinage also helped give stability to the empire.

Possible Responses:

End of Section 3


Slide18 l.jpg

4

HOME

An Empire

Unifies China

Key Idea

Amid the social chaos of the crumbling Zhou Dynasty, Chinese philosophers develop three major schools of thought. Shi Huangdi unifies China in a brutal military campaign and builds the Great Wall.

Overview

Assessment


Slide19 l.jpg

4

TERMS & NAMES

MAIN IDEA

HOME

An Empire

Unifies China

Overview

•Confucius

• filial piety

• bureaucracy

• Daoism

• Legalism

•I Ching

• yin and yang

• Qin dynasty

• Shi Huangdi

• autocracy

WHY IT MATTERS NOW

The social disorder of the warring states contributed to Chinese philosophy and unification.

The people, events, and ideas that shaped China’s early history continue to influence China’s role in today’s world.

Assessment


Slide20 l.jpg

4

Philosophy

Politics

Chaos of the warring states

Cities

HOME

An Empire

Unifies China

4

Section

Assessment

1. Look at the graphic to help organize your thoughts. Explain how the chaos of the warring states affected Chinese philosophy, politics, and the growth of cities.

Confucius, the Legalists, and Laozi offered solutions to the chaos.

Shi Huangdi took harsh steps to impose unity and stability.

People moved to them for protection.

continued . . .


Slide21 l.jpg

4

HOME

An Empire

Unifies China

4

Section

Assessment

2. In 1776, the American Declaration of Independence declared that “all men are created equal.” How would followers of the three philosophical traditions in China react to that statement? THINK ABOUT

•their views on equality

•views on opposition to government

ANSWER

  • Confucius would reject the statement because he tried to restore an unequal social order.

  • Legalists might have objected for justifying opposition to government.

  • Laozi might have agreed, believing that governments tend to enforce inequality.

Possible Responses:

continued . . .


Slide22 l.jpg

4

HOME

An Empire

Unifies China

4

Section

Assessment

3. Compare and contrast the monumental projects of the Persian Royal Road and the Great Wall of China. Explain their purposes, how they changed the environment, and how they affected the peoples living there.

ANSWER

•Royal Road—built to improve communication and transportation, connected peoples and regions

•Great Wall—built to prevent attacks by nomads, helped define borders, helped unify people, established barrier where no natural barrier had been

Possible Responses:

End of Section 4


ad