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INTRODUCING: The Year 2000 Dietary Guidelines for Americans. “What are the Dietary Guidelines for Americans?”.

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Introducing the year 2000 dietary guidelines for americans l.jpg
INTRODUCING:The Year 2000Dietary Guidelines for Americans

USDA Center for Nutrition Policy and Promotion


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“What are the

Dietary Guidelines for Americans?”

USDA Center for Nutrition Policy and Promotion


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“I don’t know if the average American knows what ‘dietary guidelines’ mean.” (health professional) “People think ‘dietary guidelines’ are for someone who is sick, not them.” (health professional)

USDA Center for Nutrition Policy and Promotion


What are the dietary guidelines for americans l.jpg
What are the Dietary Guidelines for Americans? ‘dietary guidelines’ mean.” (health professional)

They are brief science-based statements and text published by the Federal government that provide advice for healthy Americans age 2 years and over about food choices and physical activity to promote health and prevent disease.

USDA Center for Nutrition Policy and Promotion


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The Dietary Guidelines are: ‘dietary guidelines’ mean.” (health professional)

  • Mandated by law

  • Published every 5 years

  • Based on the preponderance of scientific evidence

  • Cornerstone of Federal nutrition policy

  • Basis for nutrition education/promotion activities

USDA Center for Nutrition Policy and Promotion


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1980 1985 1990 1995 ‘dietary guidelines’ mean.” (health professional)


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How are the Guidelines revised? ‘dietary guidelines’ mean.” (health professional)

  • Advisory Committee appointed to review Guidelines -- through an open process

  • Committee report presented to USDA and DHHS

  • USDA and DHHS review report and public comments

  • USDA and DHHS publish revised Guidelines

USDA Center for Nutrition Policy and Promotion


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Cutberto Garza, MD, PhD (chair) ‘dietary guidelines’ mean.” (health professional)

Suzanne Murphy, PhD, RD

(vice-chair)

Richard Deckelbaum, MD

Johanna Dwyer, DSc, RD

Scott Grundy, MD, PhD

Rachel Johnson, PhD, MPH, RD

Shiriki Kumanyika, PhD

Alice Lichtenstein, DSc

Meir Stampfer, MD, DrPH

Lesley Fels Tinker, PhD, RD

Roland Weinsier, MD, DrPH

2000 Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee

USDA Center for Nutrition Policy and Promotion


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Aim for Fitness ‘dietary guidelines’ mean.” (health professional)

  • Aim for a healthy weight

  • Be physically active each day

USDA Center for Nutrition Policy and Promotion


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Build a Healthy Base ‘dietary guidelines’ mean.” (health professional)

  • Let the Pyramid guide your food choices

  • Choose a variety of grains daily, especially whole grains

  • Choose a variety of fruits and vegetables daily

  • Keep food safe to eat

USDA Center for Nutrition Policy and Promotion


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Choose Sensibly ‘dietary guidelines’ mean.” (health professional)

  • Choose a diet that is low in saturated fat and cholesterol and moderate in total fat

  • Choose beverages and foods to moderate your intake of sugars

  • Choose and prepare foods with less salt

  • If you drink alcoholic beverages, do so in moderation

USDA Center for Nutrition Policy and Promotion


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What’s new in the 2000 edition? ‘dietary guidelines’ mean.” (health professional)

  • New Guidelines

  • Aim, Build, Choose grouping

USDA Center for Nutrition Policy and Promotion


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2000 Guideline ‘dietary guidelines’ mean.” (health professional)Aim for a healthy weight

1995 Guideline

Balance the food you eat with physical activity -- Maintain or improve your weight

USDA Center for Nutrition Policy and Promotion


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Body Mass Index Chart ‘dietary guidelines’ mean.” (health professional)


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Personal or family history of heart disease ‘dietary guidelines’ mean.” (health professional)

Male over 45 or postmenopausal female

Cigarette smoking

Sedentary lifestyle

High blood pressure

High LDL cholesterol, low HDL cholesterol or high triglycerides

Diabetes

Weight-related risk factors for chronic disease

USDA Center for Nutrition Policy and Promotion


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Encourage physical activity ‘dietary guidelines’ mean.” (health professional)

Offer grain products; vegetables and fruits; low-fat dairy products; and beans, lean meat, poultry, fish, or nuts

Offer only small amounts of food high in fat or added sugars

Set a good example

Healthy weight in children

USDA Center for Nutrition Policy and Promotion


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2000 Guideline ‘dietary guidelines’ mean.” (health professional)Be physically active each day

1995 Guideline

Balance the food you eat with physical activity -- Maintain or improve your weight

USDA Center for Nutrition Policy and Promotion


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Be physically active each day ‘dietary guidelines’ mean.” (health professional)

  • Health benefits of physical activity

  • Physical activity recommendations

    Adults -- 30 minutes of moderate physical activity most, preferably all, days of the week

    Children -- 60 minutes of moderate physical activity daily

USDA Center for Nutrition Policy and Promotion


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2000 Guideline ‘dietary guidelines’ mean.” (health professional)Let the Pyramid guide your food choices

1995 Guideline

Eat a variety of foods

USDA Center for Nutrition Policy and Promotion


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Food Guide Pyramid ‘dietary guidelines’ mean.” (health professional)

USDA Center for Nutrition Policy and Promotion


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Let the Pyramid guide your food choices ‘dietary guidelines’ mean.” (health professional)

  • Plant foods as a foundation

  • Many healthy eating patterns

  • Low-fat foods emphasized

  • Soy products included

  • Dietary supplements discussion expanded

USDA Center for Nutrition Policy and Promotion


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Recommended number of servings ‘dietary guidelines’ mean.” (health professional)

USDA Center for Nutrition Policy and Promotion


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2000 Guideline ‘dietary guidelines’ mean.” (health professional)Choose a variety of grains daily, especially whole grains

1995 Guideline

Choose a diet with plenty of grain products, vegetables, and fruits

USDA Center for Nutrition Policy and Promotion


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Brown rice ‘dietary guidelines’ mean.” (health professional)

Oatmeal

Whole oats

Bulgur (cracked

wheat)

Popcorn

Whole rye

Graham flour

Pearl barley

Whole wheat

Whole grain corn

Common Whole Grain Foods

USDA Center for Nutrition Policy and Promotion


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2000 Guideline ‘dietary guidelines’ mean.” (health professional)Choose a variety of fruitsand vegetables daily1995 GuidelineChoose a diet with plenty of grain products, vegetables, and fruits

USDA Center for Nutrition Policy and Promotion


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Eat a variety of fruits and vegetables daily ‘dietary guidelines’ mean.” (health professional)

  • Need for variety highlighted

  • Recommendation: 2 servings of fruits and 3 of vegetables daily

  • Fruit and vegetable sources of vitamins and minerals included

USDA Center for Nutrition Policy and Promotion


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2000 Guideline ‘dietary guidelines’ mean.” (health professional)Keep food safe to eatNew Guideline in 2000

USDA Center for Nutrition Policy and Promotion


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Keep food safe to eat ‘dietary guidelines’ mean.” (health professional)

  • Wash hands and food surfaces often.

  • Separate foods while storing and

    preparing.

  • Cook foods to a safe temperature.

  • Refrigerate perishable foods promptly.

  • Follow the label.

  • Serve safely.

  • When in doubt, throw it out.

USDA Center for Nutrition Policy and Promotion


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2000 Guideline ‘dietary guidelines’ mean.” (health professional)Choose a diet that is low in saturated fat and cholesterol and moderate in total fat

1995 Guideline

Choose a diet low in fat, saturated fat, and cholesterol

USDA Center for Nutrition Policy and Promotion


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Choose a diet that is low in saturated fat and cholesterol and moderate in total fat

  • Total fat recommendation: 30% of calories or less

  • Descriptions of the different types of fat

  • Limits on saturated fat and total fat for various calorie levels

  • Comparison of saturated fat content of foods

USDA Center for Nutrition Policy and Promotion


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2000 Guideline and moderate in total fatChoose beverages and foods to moderate your intake of sugars

1995 Guideline

Choose a diet moderate in sugars

USDA Center for Nutrition Policy and Promotion


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Major sources of added sugars and moderate in total fat

  • Soft drinks

  • Cakes, cookies, and pies

  • Fruitades and drinks such as fruit punch

    and lemonade

  • Dairy desserts such as ice cream

  • Candy

USDA Center for Nutrition Policy and Promotion


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2000 Guideline and moderate in total fatChoose and prepare foodswith less salt

1995 Guideline

Choose a diet moderate in salt and sodium

USDA Center for Nutrition Policy and Promotion


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Choose and prepare foods and moderate in total fatwith less salt

  • Steps that may help keep blood pressure in a healthy range

  • Is lowering salt intake safe?

  • Salt versus sodium

USDA Center for Nutrition Policy and Promotion


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2000 Guideline and moderate in total fatIf you drink alcoholic beverages, do so in moderation

No change in title from 1995

USDA Center for Nutrition Policy and Promotion


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If you drink alcoholic beverages, do so in moderation and moderate in total fat

  • Adverse effects of excess intake

  • Health benefits related to age ranges

  • Other ways to reduce heart disease risk

  • Who should not drink

  • Moderate drinking: 1 per day for women, 2 per day for men

USDA Center for Nutrition Policy and Promotion


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Target audiences for publication and moderate in total fat

  • Policymakers

  • Nutrition and health educators

  • Physicians and other health professionals

  • Trade associations and industry

  • Consumers

USDA Center for Nutrition Policy and Promotion


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Using the Dietary Guidelines for Americans and moderate in total fat

  • 5-panel fold-out brochure

  • Provides basic advice from Guidelines

  • Consumer-friendly format

USDA Center for Nutrition Policy and Promotion


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For Guidelines materials and information: and moderate in total fatLook on the Center for Nutrition Policy and Promotion website

www.cnpp.usda.gov


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Putting the Guidelines to work and moderate in total fat

  • Goal: Improved consumer health

  • Strategies

    • Increasing awareness

    • Encouraging behavior change

USDA Center for Nutrition Policy and Promotion


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Putting the Guidelines to work and moderate in total fat

  • How?

    • Extend Federal resources

    • Find creative channels for messages

  • Who?

    • Industry

    • Professional organizations

    • Worksites

USDA Center for Nutrition Policy and Promotion


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“This is a great educational tool -- possible to show others to get them to reduce fat intake.” (consumer)“This is something that everyone needs --I’d like a copy.”(consumer)

USDA Center for Nutrition Policy and Promotion


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