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2007 Where are states located - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Where are states located?. Chapter 8, key issue 1. overview. State: area organized into a political unit with a sovereign government Sovereignty: independence and control over internal affairs US States are not states in this sense Problems: Defining states

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where are states located

Where are states located?

Chapter 8, key issue 1

overview
overview
  • State: area organized into a political unit with a sovereign government
  • Sovereignty: independence and control over internal affairs
  • US States are not states in this sense
  • Problems:
    • Defining states
    • How has the state concept developed?
problems of defining states
Problems of Defining States
  • Nation-state: ethnicity + sovereignty
  • North and South Korea: one ethnicity, two governments divided by DMZ
  • China and Taiwan: new nation or province?
  • Western Sahara: new nation or control by Morocco
  • Recognition by other nations an issue
slide5
size
  • No minimum or maximum requirements on land area
  • Russia largest in land area, Monaco the smallest
  • China has the largest population, Tuvalu the smallest
  • Microstates: small land area nations
development of the state concept
Development of the state concept
  • Ancient states: earliest states were city-states that formed early civilizations
  • European states formed as kingdoms were consolidated along ethnic lines
  • Many new nations were formerly colonies of more powerful European nations
colonies
Colonies
  • Imperialism: control of territory occupied by indigenous people
  • Colonialism: control of unoccupied territory
  • European nations began colonization in 1500’s and began divestiture after WW2
  • Few colonies remain, mostly in Caribbean and Pacific
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