Where are states located
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Where are states located?. Chapter 8, key issue 1. overview. State: area organized into a political unit with a sovereign government Sovereignty: independence and control over internal affairs US States are not states in this sense Problems: Defining states

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Where are states located?

Chapter 8, key issue 1


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overview

  • State: area organized into a political unit with a sovereign government

  • Sovereignty: independence and control over internal affairs

  • US States are not states in this sense

  • Problems:

    • Defining states

    • How has the state concept developed?


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Problems of Defining States

  • Nation-state: ethnicity + sovereignty

  • North and South Korea: one ethnicity, two governments divided by DMZ

  • China and Taiwan: new nation or province?

  • Western Sahara: new nation or control by Morocco

  • Recognition by other nations an issue



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size

  • No minimum or maximum requirements on land area

  • Russia largest in land area, Monaco the smallest

  • China has the largest population, Tuvalu the smallest

  • Microstates: small land area nations



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Development of the state concept

  • Ancient states: earliest states were city-states that formed early civilizations

  • European states formed as kingdoms were consolidated along ethnic lines

  • Many new nations were formerly colonies of more powerful European nations


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Colonies

  • Imperialism: control of territory occupied by indigenous people

  • Colonialism: control of unoccupied territory

  • European nations began colonization in 1500’s and began divestiture after WW2

  • Few colonies remain, mostly in Caribbean and Pacific



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