Explosion of Violence. Between February 1996 and December 1999 there were 17 school shootings.Nine of these shootings were in high schools.Littleton, CO 4/20/99 Richmond, VA 6/15/98Springfield, OR 5/21/98 Onalaska, WA 5/21/98Houston, TX 5/21/98 Fayetteville, TN 5/19/98Paducah, KY 12/1/97 Pearl, MS 10/1/97Bethel, Alaska 2/19/97.
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1. Violence and Aggression in High School By Eric Johnson
2. Explosion of Violence Between February 1996 and December 1999 there were 17 school shootings.
Nine of these shootings were in high schools.
Littleton, CO 4/20/99 Richmond, VA 6/15/98
Springfield, OR 5/21/98 Onalaska, WA 5/21/98
Houston, TX 5/21/98 Fayetteville, TN 5/19/98
Paducah, KY 12/1/97 Pearl, MS 10/1/97
Bethel, Alaska 2/19/97
3. Stats and Facts of School Violence One in 12 high school students will be threatened or injured with a weapon every year.
Between ages 12-24 are the at risk ages for being victimized by violence.
There is no single explanation for youth violence.
Numerous factors cause violent behavior.
4. Reasons for Violence Expression
Learned Violent behavior
5. Underlining Factors Peer Pressure
Need for attention and respect
Early childhood abuse or neglect
Witnessed violence at home and through media
Access to weapons
6. Immediate Warning Signs of an Aggressive Student Daily loss of temper
Frequent physical fighting
Drug and alcohol use
Announcing threats or plans of aggression or violence
Enjoys hurting animals
Carries a weapon
7. Potential Warning Signs of an Aggressive Student History of violence
Serious drug and alcohol use
Fascination with weapons
Withdraws from friends and social events
Feeling rejected or disrespected
Low school attendance and performance
Run-ins with authority
Fails to acknowledge rights of others
8. Types of Acting Out Behavior
Verbal Acting Out ----- Verbal Intervention
Physical Acting Out Ė Physical Intervention
9. Public Support of Violence Prevention Government Initiatives
Overall School Improvement
School Safety Policies
Creation of a Prevention Program
10. CPI Nonviolent Crisis Intervention Identifying Crisis Behavior Levels
Tension Reduction Suggested Staff Approaches
11. CPI Nonviolent Crisis Intervention (continued) Proximity control (Personal Space)
1 1/2 to 3 feet
Beyond Arm Length
Kinesics (Body Language)
Donít Rock back and forth
Donít square up
12. The CPI Supportive Stance Benefits of CPI
You donít encroach on studentís personal space.
You offer a perceived ďescape route.Ē
You allow for proximity space
13. CPI Para verbal Communication Definition-the vocal part of speech, excluding the actual words one uses.
Donít be sarcastic or insulting
14. CPI Verbal Escalation Continuum Studentís Actions
Refusal: Non- compliance
Release: Yelling or screaming
Intimidation: verbal or physical
Tension Reduction Interventions
Redirect, set limits
Call Intervention Team
Assist tension reduction and restate instructions
15. Key to Setting Limits Make Limits Clear and Simple
Make Limits Reasonable
Make Limits Enforceable
16. Verbal Intervention Tips and Techniques Be Consistent
Avoid Verbal Power Struggle
Donít make Threats
Donít Invade Space
Donít Back down
17. Empathetic Listening Definition- active process to discern what a person is saying
Have studentís undivided attention
Listen for the real message
Re-state studentís statements to clarify them
18. Staff Fear and Anxiety Unproductive
Freezing up/Stage Fright
Responding inappropriately Productive
Increase in Strength
Decrease in reaction
19. Team Intervention All forms of intervention are best performed through a team of professionals.
Two ingredients of good teamwork.
Two questions that need to be answered:
Who should be on the intervention team?
What should the team do?
20. Why Team Intervention? Team intervention is safer for all involved.
Team intervention is more professional.
Team intervention is safer from a legal standpoint.
21. Choosing a Team Leader Team leader should not be restricted to the senior staff member.
Individual first on the scene
Individual who best knows the explosive student
Choose the most confident person
Donít choose the biggest and strongest.
22. Team Leaderís Duties Assessing and planning intervention techniques
Directing and cuing intervention
Maintaining proper communication with team members and the individual student
23. Available Web Sites www.crisisprevention.com
Click on ďWarning SignsĒ