Scott Wolford National Leaders & Intl Politics.
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International conflict bargaining takes place between leaders rather than states. Leaders (incumbents & successors) vary in their level of resolve; this creates incentives for new leaders to build reputations early on, and for their adversaries to discover their level of resoluteness. These beliefs and the actions by each affect both incumbents’ survival and the likelihood of conflict.
Propositions 1-6; many testable implications.
Prop 3: if ↑øW, ↑ p(C), & effect is greater as p increases
Prop 5: if ↑øP, p(C) can increase OR decrease, depending on p
if p is low (below threshold) A does not make aggressive offers
yet øW > øP, and ↑øW, ↑ p(C)… why wouldn’t B pick fight for good 2?
- How do you measure p? 1-p? Easier in some pairs than others
- How do you measure level of resoluteness? distinguish (empirically) an irresolute A from a resolute A that believes she confronts a resolute B?
General point: pick your battles. What are the 3 ideas you’d like readers to take away?
Minor point: “distribution of power” = p, the probability that A wins