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Renaissance. Art in the. 1400 – 1600 . Overview. Italian/Early 1400-1490 Italian/High 1500-1600 Northern/Late 1500-1600 one can argue about dates: 1300 – 1520 1400 – 1600. map. Renaissance.

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Renaissance l.jpg
Renaissance

Art in the

1400 – 1600


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Overview

  • Italian/Early 1400-1490

  • Italian/High 1500-1600

  • Northern/Late 1500-1600

  • one can argue about dates: 1300 – 1520 1400 – 1600



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Renaissance

  • 1st period to name itself and say nasty things about earlier times:“Gothic” & “Dark Ages”

  • Term means “Rebirth”

  • Looking back to Classical culture – Ancient Greece and Rome

  • Names! Artists known by name – 1st contemporary art historian (1550); Individuality celebrated in this era


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Renaissance

  • Church is still the biggest power structure

  • Beginning of banking

  • Private fortunes & power

  • Starts in Italy – specifically Florence


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Man loves himself once again

The Return of Humanism


From pico della mirandola s oration on the dignity of man 1486 l.jpg
from Pico della Mirandola's Oration on the Dignity of Man (1486)

. . . I feel that I have come to some understanding of why man is the most fortunate of living things and, consequently, deserving of all admiration; of what may be the condition in the hierarchy of beings assigned to him, which draws upon him the envy, not of the brutes alone, but of the astral beings and of the very intelligences which dwell beyond the confines of the world.

see also p. 190


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Donatello, David,1432

p. 203


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Donatello, David,1432

Tuscan hat

p. 203


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Style of helmet & art symbolic reference to other Italian city-states

Donatello,David,1432Goliath’s headdetail

Love of texture


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  • 1 city-statesst free-standing, life size nude sculpture since antiquity!

  • contrapposto; but not just an imitation of past models

  • for private collection

  • David = underdog = Florence

  • Goliath = giant = Milan & other central Italian cities in league against Florence

Donatello, David, 1432


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Inscription: city-states

“The victor is whoever defends the fatherland. God crushes the wrath of an enormous foe. Behold - a boy overcame a great tyrant! Conquer, O citizens! Kingdoms fall through luxury, cities rise through virtues. Behold the neck of pride, severed by the hand of humility.”

Donatello, David, 1432

p. 203


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An earlier Donatello city-statesDavid (c.1410)


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CONFIDENCE REDISCOVERED! city-states

Florence CathedralBrunelleschi dome

p. 193-197


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Florence Cathedral city-statesBrunelleschi domeinside view


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Tower designed by Giotto, city-states

1334



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Pitti Palace city-states

Uffizzi

View from the Duomo


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Pazzi Chapel city-states

Post & lintel returns;

GEOMETRY


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Pazzi Chapel city-states

p. 198


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Pitti Palace city-states


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Alberti (façade architect), Santa Maria Novella, Florence, 1470

By the numbers:

2:1

3:1

4:1

not in text


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p. 202 1470


Masaccio trinity 1427 28 fresco 21 10 1 2 x 10 4 santa maria novella florence l.jpg
Masaccio 1470Trinity1427-28Fresco21' 10 1/2" x 10' 4 Santa Maria Novella, Florence

1st use of linear perspective

not in text


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Masaccio, 1470Tribute Money, c. 1427

p. 199


Tribute money detail note use of chiaroscuro light and dark shading to create volume in the clothes l.jpg
Tribute Money, 1470detailNote use of chiaroscuro (light and dark shading) to create volume in the clothes.


Ghiberti lorenzo the gates of paradise 1425 52 bronze with gilding l.jpg
Ghiberti, Lorenzo 1470The Gates of Paradise1425-52Bronze with gilding

p. 195-196


Ghiberti lorenzo the gates of paradise 1425 52 bronze with gilding29 l.jpg
Ghiberti, Lorenzo 1470The Gates of Paradise1425-52Bronze with gilding

p. 195-196


Ghiberti lorenzo the gates of paradise 1425 52 bronze with gilding30 l.jpg
Ghiberti, Lorenzo 1470The Gates of Paradise1425-52Bronze with gilding


Ghiberti lorenzo the gates of paradise 1425 52 bronze with gilding31 l.jpg
Ghiberti, Lorenzo 1470The Gates of Paradise1425-52Bronze with gilding


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Ghiberti, Lorenzo 1470Detail from the Gates of ParadiseThe story of Joseph1425-52Bronze with gilding80 x 80 cmBaptistery, Florence

not in text


Botticelli sandro the birth of venus c 1485 tempera on canvas 67 7 8 x 109 5 8 in l.jpg
BOTTICELLI, Sandro 1470The birth of Venusc. 1485, Tempera on canvas(67 7/8 x 109 5/8 in.)

NOT IN TEXT


Botticelli sandro primavera c 1482 tempera on wood 203 x 314 cm l.jpg
BOTTICELLI, Sandro 1470Primaverac. 1482. Tempera on wood203 x 314 cm

p. 199


Botticelli sandro primavera c 1482 tempera on wood 203 x 314 cm35 l.jpg
BOTTICELLI, Sandro 1470Primaverac. 1482. Tempera on wood203 x 314 cm


Botticelli sandro venus and mars c 1485 egg tempera and oil on poplar 69 x 173 5 cm l.jpg
BOTTICELLI, Sandro 1470Venus and Marsc. 1485. Egg tempera and oil on poplar69 x 173.5 cm

NOT BIBLICAL!

not in text


Key image l.jpg
KEY IMAGE 1470

PERIOD:

PLACE:

ARTIST:

TITLE:

DATE:

Early Renaissance

Florence

Donatello

David

1432

p. 203


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PERIOD: 1470

ARTIST:

TITLE:

Renaissance

KEY IMAGE

Botticelli

p. 199

La Primavera (Birth of Spring)


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Pazzi Chapel 1470

KEY IMAGE

p. 198


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Summary – Italian Renaissance 1470

  • POLITICS – Italian city-states; power from money

  • EARLY RENAISSANCE – Florence

  • HIGH RENAISSANCE –

  • ART – Classical ideals revived

  • IDEAS – Humanism returns

  • MUSIC –


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