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Instructions and Procedure Descriptions. Procedure Description. Procedure: Events that produce a predictable outcome Examples: Requesting vacation days, manufacturing an engine part, discipline for sexual harassment, balancing a checkbook

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procedure description
Procedure Description
  • Procedure: Events that produce a predictable outcome
  • Examples: Requesting vacation days, manufacturing an engine part, discipline for sexual harassment, balancing a checkbook
  • A procedure description informs a reader by helping the reader understand what happens
instructions
Instructions
  • Different from a procedure description
  • Instructions inform the reader by explaining how to perform a procedure
  • Examples: product manuals, assembly instructions, “how-to” instructions, assignments
  • Instructions also persuade readers. How?
discussion
Discussion
  • Why are procedure descriptions and instructions particularly important in today’s society?
  • New and changing technologies
  • More accountability, regulations, and red tape
instructions5
Instructions
  • General Instructions—instructions that explain how to perform a generic procedure
  • Specific Instructions—instructions that explain how to perform a procedure under conditions involving particular equipment, surroundings, or other variables
slide6
Trimming a hedge vs. using a 22-inch Craftsman Bushwacker electric hedge trimmer
  • Changing a tire vs. changing a tire on a 2006 Toyota Corolla
  • Drawing geometric shapes vs. drawing a specific geometric design
instructions components
Instructions: Components
  • Brief introduction explaining the purpose and importance of the procedure
  • List of materials, equipment, tools, and skills required
  • Actual instructions: numbered, step-by-step, detailed explanation of how to perform the procedure
  • Typically one or more visuals for clarification
instructions guidelines
Instructions: Guidelines
  • Use short, simple commands that start with a verb.
  • Avoid “recipe shorthand” that omits small words such as a, an, and the.
  • Separate steps unless closely related or simultaneous.
  • Try to avoid more than about nine steps at a time.
  • Use subdivisions for complicated or long steps
example http www ehow com how 2258249 make ladder golf game html
Example: http://www.ehow.com/how_2258249_make-ladder-golf-game.html

3. Use a T-connector to connect two more 2-foot sections of pipe, so that the T-connector is in the center of the pipes with the open end of the T-connector facing up. Do this again to make a second piece. Add 1-foot sections to either end using elbow connectors. This is the base that will support the ladder form.

slide10

Use a T-connector to connect two more 2-foot sections of pipe, so that the T-connector is in the center of the pipes with the open end of the T-connector facing up.

  • Repeat this step to make a second piece.
  • Add 1-foot sections to either end using elbow connectors. NOTE: This is the base that will support the ladder form.
slide11

Make the base of the ladder form.

3a. Use a T-connector to connect two more 2-foot sections of pipe, so that the T-connector is in the center of the pipes with the open end of the T-connector facing up.

3b. Repeat this step to make a second piece.

3c. Add 1-foot sections to either end using elbow connectors.

instructions avoiding liability
Instructions: Avoiding Liability
  • Note, caution, warning, and danger
    • Note—alerts to information that will make the procedure easier or more efficient
    • Caution—alerts to risk of equipment failure or damage
    • Warning—alerts to possible equipment damage, serious injury, or death
    • Danger—alerts to probable serious injury or death
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