Human Resource Management International HR. Stages of International Involvement. Stage 1 Markets are exclusively domestic Stage 2 Markets expanded to foreign countries, but production remains domestic Stage 3 Some operations moved out of home country
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Relation to natureSubjugationHarmonyMastery
Basic human natureEvilNeutral/MixedGood
PleasantnessGood CitizenCompetentGood Thinker
helpful) polite, obedient) courageous) intellectual)
Hofstede’s Dimensions of Cultural Differences:
PD – H = accepts unequal power
IC – H = individualistic
MF – H = masculine
UA – H = avoid uncertainty
LT – H = long-term orientation
From Hostede, 1993
Academy of Management Executive
DO say please and thank you often.
DO arrive promptly.
DON’T ask personal questions because the British protect their privacy.
DON’T gossip about British royalty
DO shake hands when greeting. Only close friends give light, brushing kisses on cheeks.
DO dress more formally than in the United States. Elegant dress is highly valued.
DON’T expect to complete any work during the French two hour lunch
DON’T chew gum in a work setting.
DO write business correspondence in Italian for priority attention.
DO make appointments between 10:00 and 11:00 or after 3:00.
DON’T eat too much pasta, as it is not the main course.
out business cards too freely. Italians use them infrequently.
DO distribute business cards freely so people will know how to spell your name.
DO be prompt even if your hosts are not.
DON’T expect to meet deadlines. A project takes as long as the
Greeks think is
DON’T address people by formal or professional titles. The Greeks want more informality.
DO present your business cards with both hands and a slight bow as a gesture of
DO present gifts, American
made and wrapped
DON’T knock competitors.
DON’T present the same gift to everyone, unless all members are the same organizational
11Hong KongHong Kong110
14New YorkUnited States100
15MorgantownUnited States 56