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GCSE Science Suite. For teaching from September 2006. AQA Science Development. What is possible? The AQA Sciences Suite. GCSE Science (A or B) GCSE Additional Science GCSE Additional Applied Science GCSE Applied Science (Double Award) GCSE Biology GCSE Chemistry GCSE Physics

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Gcse science suite

GCSE Science Suite

For teaching from September 2006



What is possible the aqa sciences suite
What is possible?The AQA Sciences Suite

  • GCSE Science (A or B)

  • GCSE Additional Science

  • GCSE Additional Applied Science

  • GCSE Applied Science (Double Award)

  • GCSE Biology

  • GCSE Chemistry

  • GCSE Physics

  • Entry level

    Enables centres to offer a range of flexible progression routes from KS3 through KS4 to further studies


What is possible
What is possible?

Science (core)Double applied

science

Additional scienceAdditional applied

science

Biology Chemistry Physics

Science AS / A2 e.g. GCE Applied science


Changes in assessment
Changes in assessment

There is a significant ….

  • reduction in the current emphasis on assessing pupils’ ability to recall discrete and specific components of their knowledge (about 40%)

  • increase in the emphasis on assessing pupils’ ability to use their understanding of the major ‘explanatory stories’ of science and the competencies likely to be required of students in adult life (such as the ability to comprehend media reports, or to argue a rational case based on data) (about 60%)


Science units
Science Units

External 75%

Internal 25%

Core

ISA

B1

C1

P1

Additional

ISA

B2

C2

P2

P3

B3

C3

Separate

ISA

ISA

ISA


Assessment
Assessment

Science B / Additional and Separate sciences

  • Structured tests

  • Externally set and marked

    • 3 x 45 minute tests (B,C &P)

    • available January and June

      .. forscience A there is an alternative

  • Objective tests (on screen delivery Nov. 2006)

  • Externally set and marked

    • (3 x 2) 30 minute tests

    • available November, March, June


What about entry level
What about Entry Level?

  • The course involves 100% teacher assessment

  • Content linked to science (core)

  • Each unit is assessed by both teacher controlled assessments and external set assignments

    • 50% from teacher controlled assessments

    • 50% from externally set assignments (produced by AQA, marked by the teacher using AQA guidance)

  • Teachers can carry out the assessments at any time during the course.


Published materials
Published materials

  • AQA is in partnership with Nelson Thornes to produce the only officially endorsed series of text books.

  • Other publishers producing texts include:

    • Collins

    • Heinemann

    • Pearsons

    • Longman

    • Hodder

  • Publishers producing revision guides include:

    • Heinemann

    • Phillip Allan

    • Collins

    • OUP


Aqa contacts
AQA Contacts

  • Science Subject Department

    • John Commerford (Senior Subject Officer)

      • (01483) 477756

    • Dee Lovell (Senior Subject Officer)

      • (01483) 556036

    • Jane Bryant (Subject Officer for Applied Science)

      • (01483) 477747

    • Susanna Piszczynska (Subject Officer, Standardisation)

      • (01483) 477758

    • Email – [email protected]

  • Teacher Support



  • Specification layout e g section 11 8
    Specification Layout e.g. Section 11.8

    • Question

      • How do humans affect the environment?

    • Introduction

      • Humans often upset the balance of different populations in natural ecosystems, or change the environment so that some species find it difficult to survive. With so many people in the world, there is a serious danger of causing permanent damage not just to local environments but also to the global environment.


    Specification layout procedural content
    Specification LayoutProcedural Content

    • Candidates should use their skills, knowledge and understanding of how science works:

      • to analyse and interpret scientific data concerning environmental issues;

      • to weigh evidence and form balanced judgements about some of the major environmental issues facing society, including the importance of sustainable development;

      • to evaluate methods used to collect environmental data and consider their validity and reliability as evidence forenvironmental change.


    Specification layout substantive content
    Specification LayoutSubstantive content

    • Their skills, knowledge and understanding of how science works should be set in these substantive contexts:

      • Rapid growth in the human population and an increase in the standard of living means that:

        • raw materials, including non-renewable energy resources, are rapidly being used up;

        • increasingly more waste is produced;

        • unless waste is properly handled more pollution will be caused……………………


    Specification symbols
    Specification Symbols

    • Identifies content which lends itself to investigative work of the type needed to explore Sections 10.2 – 10.6 of the procedural content.

    • About obtaining valid and reliable scientific evidence

    • May form contexts for ISAs

    • Identifies content which lends itself to activities which allow Sections 10.1 and 10.7-10.8 of the procedural content to be considered

    • These sections are about using scientific evidence e.g. how scientific evidence can contribute to decision making.

    • Identifies content that provides opportunities for using IT


    Changes to content of specifications
    Changes to content of Specifications

    • Many topics have been removed from ‘Double Science’ (Science + Additional) to allow more time for teaching ‘How Science Works’

    • Some of these topics have been moved into Separate Sciences

    • To accommodate these topics, several topics have been removed from Separate Sciences

    • There are a limited number of new topics, mainly due to changes to the NationalCurriculum



    Why the emphasis on how science works
    Why the emphasis on “How science works”?

    • To generate more enthusiasm for science

    • To make science more interesting and relevant to more students

    • To make science more accessible to more students

    • To encourage more students to follow science-based courses after 16


    How science works1
    How Science Works

    • What it isn’t - coursework that is taught and examined separately from the real science.

    • What it is - using the substantive content to deliver the procedural content.


    The present and the new

    Candidates should use their skills, knowledge and understanding of how science works: to evaluate the different types of drugs and why some people use illegal drugs for recreation;to evaluate claims made about the effect of cannabis on health and the link betweencannabis and addiction to hard drugs;

    The present and the ……….. new

    • Drugs change the chemical processes in people’s bodies so that they become dependent or addicted to them and suffer withdrawal symptoms without them.


    Students should
    Students should… understanding of how science works:

    • have a wide range of practical experiences.

    • see the importance that is placed on assessing scientific data on its merits.

    • have a greater awareness of science as a process and why scientists work in a particular way.

    • have a greater understanding of the relevance of science to our daily and working lives.

    • see the relevance of science to technology and of technology to science.


    Section 10 how science works the procedural content
    Section 10 How Science Works – understanding of how science works: the Procedural Content

    10.1 The thinking behind the doing

    10.2 Fundamental ideas

    10.3 Observation as a stimulus to investigation

    10.4 Designing an investigation

    10.5 Making measurements

    10.6 Presenting data

    10.7 Using data to draw conclusions

    10.8 Societal aspects of scientific evidence

    10.9 Limitations of scientific evidence


    The centre assessed component

    The Centre Assessed Component understanding of how science works:

    This component has been developed in association with Durham University


    Centre assessed unit
    Centre Assessed Unit understanding of how science works:

    There are two parts

    • Practical skills assessment

      0-6 marks descriptors for 2,4,6 marks – not moderated.

      Using apparatus, working methodically and safely.

    • Investigative skills assessment

      Section 1 20 marks – the candidate uses previously collected data

      Section 2 14 marks – questions relate to provided data

      The work is carried out under controlled conditions and will be externally set by AQA, marked by the teacher to AQA marking guidance.


    Psa criteria can do criteria

    Implementation of Practical work understanding of how science works:

    Marks

    Skills

    2

    Practical work is conducted:

    • safely, but with considerable help

      The candidate:

    • uses the apparatus with assistance

    4

    Practical work is conducted:

    • safely and in a reasonably organised manner

      The candidate:

    • uses the apparatus skilfully and without the need for assistance

    6

    Practical work is conducted:

    • safely and in a well-organised manner

      The candidate:

    • uses the apparatus skilfully in a demanding context

    PSA Criteria – “Can-Do Criteria”


    Investigative skills assignment
    Investigative Skills Assignment understanding of how science works:

    • Practical work carried out in the normal way to further the learning process

    • At the conclusion of the practical work, the teacher retains the candidate’s results and graph(s)

    • At a suitable subsequent lesson, the candidates take the ISA test (45 minutes) in their normal teaching room

    • Results table and graph(s) are made available to the candidate during the test


    Isa format
    ISA format understanding of how science works:

    • Each ISA consists of 2 sections

      • Section 1 (between 14 and 20 marks) is based on the candidate’s own data

      • Section 2 (between 20 and 14 marks) is based on further data, given on the ISA paper, on the same topic


    Isa admin
    ISA Admin understanding of how science works:

    • AQA will supply at least 2 for each Unit

    • They will be supplied on a secure CD or web site to the examinations officer

    • Candidates may take any number of ISAs but only one (the best result) needs to be submitted for each subject


    GCSE APPLIED SCIENCE SPECIFICATIONS understanding of how science works:


    What will be available
    What will be available? understanding of how science works:

    • Additional Applied Science (Single Award)

    • Applied Science (Double Award)


    Students make progress in applied science
    Students make progress in Applied Science understanding of how science works:

    • “In Applied Science, achievement is higher than in the traditional double-award courses when the prior attainment of pupils is taken into account”.

    • “Pupils demonstrate a good command of subject knowledge and understanding, better than that of comparable groups on conventional double-award science courses”.

      • (The Ofsted report ‘vocational pathways summer ’04)


    Rationale behind applied science courses
    Rationale behind Applied Science courses understanding of how science works:

    • By following Applied Science specifications students:

    • Actively experience the scientific environment.

    • Are introduced to and use the procedural and technical knowledge of science practice followed by many types of scientist in their work.


    Gcse additional applied science
    GCSE Additional Applied Science understanding of how science works:

    • Designed as an alternative to GCSE additional science

    • Different teaching and learning style

    • Alternative assessment regime

    • Concentrates on the skills and knowledge used by:

      • Food scientists

      • Forensic scientists

      • Sports scientists


    Gcse additional applied science1

    Unit 1 understanding of how science works:

    Science in the Workplace

    20%

    Internally

    Assessed

    Unit 2

    Science at Work

    40%

    Externally

    Assessed

    Unit 3

    Using Scientific Skills

    40%

    Internally

    Assessed

    GCSE Additional Applied Science

    • Unit Structure and Assessment


    Gcse applied science double award

    Unit 1 understanding of how science works:

    Science in the Workplace

    10%

    Internally

    Assessed

    Unit 2

    Science for the Needs of Society

    35%

    Externally

    Assessed

    Unit 3

    Developing Scientific Skills

    27.5%

    Internally

    Assessed

    Unit 4

    Using Scientific Skills

    27.5%

    Internally

    Assessed

    GCSE Applied Science (Double Award)

    • Unit structure and assessment


    What do the students do
    What do the students do? understanding of how science works:

    • In unit 1they gain experience of real science in the workplace and the importance of health and safety

      (identical to the additional applied science unit 1)

    • In unit 2 the gain some essential knowledge that scientists use

    • In unit 3 they develop some skills that scientists use

    • In unit 4 they apply some of the skills that scientists use.


    Subject support helpline
    SUBJECT SUPPORT HELPLINE understanding of how science works:

    Subject Officer – Jane Bryant

    GCSE Applied Science (Double Award)


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