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English through music: effective CLIL lessons for young learners. Jane Willis (ELT specialist) Anice Paterson (music specialist). English through music: effective CLIL lessons for young learners. Jane Willis (ELT specialist) Anice Paterson (music specialist). OVERVIEW

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English through music effective clil lessons for young learners

English through music: effective CLIL lessons for young learners

Jane Willis

(ELT specialist)

Anice Paterson

(music specialist)


English through music effective clil lessons for young learners1

English through music: effective CLIL lessons for young learners

Jane Willis

(ELT specialist)

Anice Paterson

(music specialist)


OVERVIEW learners

What potential does Content & Language Integrated Learning (CLIL) have for language development?

Why is music particularly suited to CLIL?

What kinds of musical activities are there? (with brief demonstrations of some of them)

How can you ensure these music activities fulfil conditions that are likely to promote language learning?


Content language integrated learning clil
Content & Language Integrated Learning (CLIL) learners

Learning a subject through English provides

young learners with:

  • exposure to spoken English

  • a clear purpose for listening to English and trying to understand

  • a context for using English

  • a reason for reading and writing


Music through english or english through music why music and english together
Music through English? learnersor English through music?Why music and English together?


Singing
Singing learners

is an excellent way for children to

  • learn and memorise words and phrases

  • develop familiarity with the sounds, rhythms and stress of English


Songs rhymes and rhythm activities
Songs, rhymes and rhythm activities learners

help children to

  • learn to listen carefully – with a real purpose

  • respond to the ranges in tone, pitch, and expression in the voice

  • concentrate hard on small details of pronunciation, stress and rhythm


Musical pictures and musical stories
Musical pictures and musical stories learners

help children to

  • experiment and use the qualities of sounds effectively

  • express their feelings

  • recognise the structure of stories and poems and to sequence ideas

  • talk about what they are doing and why

  • tell and perform their own stories


Rehearsing and giving musical performances
Rehearsing and giving musical performances learners

  • provides children with a real purpose for developing and practising their English

  • helps children to develop self-confidence

    - in using English in a range of contexts

    - in performing with control and expressiveness

  • keeps children motivated and excited by their experience of making music

    Also, NFER has evidence of beneficial effects on general behaviour and learning skills


A giant
A giant learners


The giant story

Recorded in a class of 9 year-olds who learners

have various sound-makers

listen to the story, bit by bit, and suggest sounds for each action

perform the whole story, with sounds

create variations

CD 55

First of all, I want you to imagine that there’s a huge giant and he’s eating his dinner at his table. Can you make eating sounds?

And on the door there’s a tap tap tap tap… Can you repeat that rhythm for me? Keep it going – tap tap tap tap…

The giant stands up and slowly walks to the door

The giant story


The enormous carrot learners

Teacher with five-year-olds


So what are they learning

Musical skills learners

Experimenting with sounds

Creating sound patterns

Remembering a sequence

Performing a piece

Creating variations

Language development

Exposure to story text

& to teacher talk that engages attention

(imperatives, repetitions,

on-going commentary)

Opportunities for participatory use of language

So what are they learning?


What kinds of music activities are there
What kinds of music activities are there? learners

These activities cover musical objectives that appear in any typical music syllabus.

A Warm-up activities

‘Listen and Do’ – physical and vocal exercises to prepare children for music making and to develop their co-ordination, voice control, and pronunciation.


Physical warm ups

Some examples (all on CD) learners

‘Stretch, shake and wiggle

‘Pat your head and rub your tummy’

Baby 1, 2, 3

Physical warm-ups


Vocal warm ups
Vocal warm-ups learners

Breath control: snakes, bees, humming

Musical vowels: sirens, scales

Consonant patterns: slow - ping pong;

fast - ch ch ch ch

Voice expression: Boom chicka boom


B listening and experimenting with sounds
B learnersListening and experimenting with sounds

  • Hands and feet CD15

    (Body Percussion)

  • Let’s make a band

    (Sound-makers)


Action songs rhymes
Action songs & rhymes learners

Section C (minimal language)

  • The Rocket Rhyme

    Count down, count down,

    rocket leaving soon

    Count down, count down,

    leaving for the moon

    10, 9, 8, 7, 6, 5, 4, 3, 2, 1

    Blast off!

    Section F(more language)

  • There’s a tiny caterpillar on a leaf


A Rhythm Grid learners

Some very small creatures

‘OK, Let’s start with a steady beat…..

a very quiet beat.. Keep it going… Now listen


D rhythm games patterns
D Rhythm games & patterns learners

Clap it back (fruit, vocabulary sets)

Pop

Spider Ant (small creatures, party food)

Language and music aims:

Syllable stress in words and phrases

Performing layered patternings (in parts)


E listening and responding to music
E Listening and responding to music learners

  • How long does it last? (instrument sounds)

  • I like it (different styles, images, moods, countries) CD 40

  • Let’s dance

    Children hear about where the music is from, think what it could be about, express how the music makes them feel...


Composing and performing class music
Composing and performing learnersclass music

G Story-based music

  • Musical books (any story)

  • The giant

  • The enormous carrot (growing food and farm animals)

    H Musical pictures

  • Rainstorm (tropical climate)

  • Where shall we go today? (zoo, market…)


Activity page
Activity Page learners

  • LANGUAGE

  • MUSIC

  • RESOURCES AND PREPARATION

  • TIME GUIDE AGE

    ………………………………………

  • Activity (numbered steps and suggestions for what to

    say in English).

  • Variations (ideas for other similar musical activities)

  • Language extensions


Language extensions
Language extensions learners

Suggestions for building on the language used in the activity:

  • same music aims but new context or song

  • mini-dialogues for intonation work

  • games for vocabulary revision e.g. miming

  • tongue twisters

  • follow-up chats / discussions

  • mini-projects with cross-curricula links.


Questions
Questions learners

  • How does this fit my English syllabus?

  • Are the activities graded?

  • How to use the CD?

  • Musical expertise? Teacher support?


What language learning opportunities do these clil lessons provide
What language learning opportunities do these CLIL lessons provide?

Four main sources

1. general classroom management and instructions

2. the language used to introduce the topic, to set up the music activity itself,

to attain the music aims & lead to a musical performance


What language learning opportunities do these clil lessons provide1
What language learning opportunities do these CLIL lessons provide?

3. the words and phonological features of the songs, rhymes, chants, stories, and mini-dialogues,

4. further development of specific language features and topic themes


And finally the three most important things
And finally… provide? the three most important things…

  • use the musical activity to generate opportunities to interact with the children in English

  • encourage children’s language and music development by being positive

  • make sure you all enjoy making music.


‘English Through Music’ provide?

Anice Paterson & Jane Willis

OUP 2008

[email protected]


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