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Efficiency & Learning. Where does new knowledge come from? . epistemology. “The study or theory of the origin, nature and limits of knowledge”. learning. Tabula Rasa- Or Innate Knowledge? Does Efficiency increase by Analysis Or by Imitation?. “Efficiency Experts:”.

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Presentation Transcript
Efficiency learning l.jpg

Efficiency & Learning

Where does new knowledge come from?


Epistemology l.jpg

epistemology

“The study or theory of the origin, nature and limits of knowledge”


Learning l.jpg
learning

  • Tabula Rasa-

    • Or

  • Innate Knowledge?

  • Does Efficiency increase by Analysis

    • Or

  • by Imitation?


  • Efficiency experts l.jpg

    “Efficiency Experts:”

    Frank & Lillian Gilbreth


    Therbligs 17 elemental motions l.jpg
    Therbligs – 17 Elemental Motions

    • Search

    • Select

    • Grasp

    • Hold

    • Transport

    • Release

    • “Think”

    Insomniac

    Agnostic

    Dyslexic

    Stayed up all night wondering if there is a dog.


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    Motion Study Principles

    • Eliminate

    • Combine/ Coordinate

    • Reduce Fatigue

    • Arrange workplace

    • Improve tools and equipment

    • “Find the ‘one best way’ to do a piece of work.”

    • Find the laziest worker and study his approach.


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    Learning improves efficiency

    • By both

    • Analysis and

    • Imitation


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    Frank Gilbreth

    • Invented Time & Motion Study

    • Typewriter design changes

    • Foot levers on garbage cans

    • Military rifle disassembly blindfolded

    • Surgery assistant procedures

    • Use of Movies for T & M study

    • Increased the rate of bricklaying three fold!


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    Frank Gilbreth

    • With his wife Lillian

    • Had twelve children


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    Improve efficiency

    • Study a task that is performed frequently

    • Identify repetitive or unnecessary motions

    • Eliminate

    • Combine

    • Improve


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    Coffeepot setup

    • Component taskcumulative time

    • Get pot, funnel 10 seconds

    • Fill pot, pour 40

    • Coffee open, place filter 104

    • Three scoops (12 sec) 116

    • Assemble,put away 129

    • Approx 2 minutes total


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    A Larger scoop would save:

    • 8 seconds

    • For 350 days

    • For 30 years

    • 84,000 Seconds

    • 0.75 Applied Factor

    • 60 sec./minute

    • 60 min./hour

    • 31 hours per lifetime

    • Two Days wasted!

    • Larger scoop 49 cents


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    Alternative Process--wife

    • Component taskcumulative time

    • Start water in pot 4 seconds

    • Scoop 3, turn off water 25

    • Pour water, assemble 41

    • Put away coffee 53

    • Less than one minute total

    • I save 444 hours in a lifetime ~ one month!

    • “One best way to do work”


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    People who exercise regularly live Longer

    • WSJ--Life expectancy has two more years

    • 365 days per year

    • 16 hours per day

    • 11,680 hours of extra life

    • 3 workouts per week

    • 2 hours

    • 50 weeks

    • 40 years

    • 12,000 hours spent working out.


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    • Do everything you do for its own sake.

    • Yesterday is a bucket of ashes that won’t burn again

    • Tomorrow is a dream you may never see.

    • Life isn’t a destination, It’s a journey…

    • And every day -- as good or as bad as it might seem --

    • is the best of all possible days.

    • Where does new knowledge come from? ...


    People create new knowledge l.jpg
    People create new knowledge:

    • Analysis AND synthesis

    • Discovery...

    • “Seeing what others have seen and thinking what no one has thought.”

    • Seeing the world from new directions and understanding a new dimension...


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