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University of Milano-Bicocca, Doctoral School of Science PhD Program in Computer Science, Cycle XXIV Department of Informatics, Systems and Communication. PhD research status. Diego Bernini Tutor: Prof. C. Simone May 20th 2009. Index. Performed research activities

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University of Milano-Bicocca, Doctoral School of Science

PhD Program in Computer Science, Cycle XXIV

Department of Informatics, Systems and Communication

PhD research status

Diego Bernini

Tutor: Prof. C. Simone

May 20th 2009


Index l.jpg
Index

  • Performed research activities

  • PhD courses & other activities

  • Proposal for the PhD thesis

D. Bernini, PhD research status


Integrated system for emergency project l.jpg
“Integrated System for Emergency” project

  • Studying and experimenting innovative methodologies and tools for the realization of integrated systems for the prevention and management of emergencies

    • InSyEme, FIRB, Italian Ministry of Research

    • October 2007-October 2010

    • http://www.unifi.it/insyeme

  • Four work packages (WP), various italian universities

    • WP1 - “Reference scenario”, Leader: Prof. M. Listanti, University of Roma-La Sapienza

    • WP2 - “Communication Infrastructure”, Leader: Prof. R. Fantacci, University of Firenze

    • WP3 - “Mobile Grid”, Leader: Prof. M. Vanneschi, University of Pisa

    • WP4 - “Domain Abstractions”, Leader: Prof. F. Tisato, University of Milano-Bicocca

D. Bernini, PhD research status


Insyeme my goals l.jpg

Local Parameters

e.g. a=3 b=4

Local Parameters

e.g. a=3 b=4

Local

Model

e.g. y=ax+b

Local

Model

e.g. y=ax+b

Local Flood

Forecast

e.g. y=6

Local Flood

Forecast

e.g. y=6

Out

Out

Past Local

Flood Levels

e.g. x=3,x=4,…

Past Local

Flood Levels

e.g. x=3,x=4,…

In

In

i-th river section

i-th river section

InSyEme & my goals

  • Goal 1: distribution & execution of specific forecasting models

    • E.g. models for flood forecasting on fireman’s PDA

  • Goal 2: dynamic reconfiguration of InSyEme applications

    • Reconfigure the application without completely stop it

      • To enable adaptivity w.r.t resource availability, network connectivity, power saving and so on

    • Reconfiguration: change

      • some elements of the application

      • the allocation among elements and computational nodes

D. Bernini, PhD research status


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Approaches & studies

  • Software Engineering

    • (Ghezzi et al 2004), (Heineman and Council 2001)

  • Software Architecture

    • (Shaw-Garlan, 1996), (Mellor et al 2004)

  • Dynamic system reconfiguration

    • (Hillman-Warren, 2004), (Oreizy et al 2008)

  • Architectures for dynamical reconfigurable systems

    • (Cazzola et al, 1998), (Caflisch et al., 2005)

D. Bernini, PhD research status


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InSyEme & my results

  • Preliminary definition of a specific design approach

    • Inspired by Model Driven Architecture & proposed by Prof. F. Tisato

    • oriented to the information flows, user-oriented perspective

  • Two distinguished but related software architectures

    • Base-architecture: “Component & connector” architecture

    • Meta-architecture: observes & controls the Base-architecture

      • Preliminary definition in (Bernini 2008)

D. Bernini, PhD research status


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InSyEme & recent activities (1)

  • October 2008 – now:

    • evolution and refinement of the previous architectures

      • Quality of Service aspects, collaboration with InSyEme WP3 – “Mobile Grid” (Prof. M. Vanneschi)

    • papers

      • D. Bernini, D. Toscani and M. Frigerio. “A Software Architecture for the Deployment of Executable Tranformation Models”

      • D. Toscani, M. Frigerio and D. Bernini. “Dynamic Update of Data Analysis Models in Emergency Systems”

      • Accepted and to be presented at “International Workshop on Advanced Topics in Mobile Computing for Emergency Management: Communication and Computing Platforms” (MCEM 2009), co-located with “5th International Wireless Communications and Mobile Computing Conference” (IWCMC 2009), Leipzig, 21-24 June 2009 (technically sponsored by ACM)

D. Bernini, PhD research status


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InSyEme & recent activities (2)

  • Refinements of the design approach

    • Core:better explanation of the roles of non-functional aspects

      • Ongoing technical report

    • Application to a specific emergency scenario

      • Flood forecasting

      • Presented at the first 2nd InSyEme workshop project

        • 2009/04/03, University of Roma - La Sapienza

    • Case study of the course "Monitoring and Control Systems" ("Sistemi Integrati di Controllo e Supervisione"), Master's degree in, second year (where I am assistant lecturer)

D. Bernini, PhD research status


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Index

  • Performed research activities

  • PhD courses & other activities

  • Proposal for the PhD thesis

D. Bernini, PhD research status


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PhD DISCo courses

  • Attended/ongoing

    • “Knowledge Management: conoscenza, condivisione, tecnologia”, Prof. C. Simone

    • “Interaction Design”, Prof. G. DeMichelis

    • English course

  • Planned DISCo

    • “Aspetti epistemologici dell’informatica”, Prof. S. Bandini

  • Other planned courses & schools to be discussed according to my PhD thesis proposal

D. Bernini, PhD research status


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Other courses

  • Doctorate School of Science ongoing courses

    • “Comunicazione della Scienza”

    • “Gestione dei progetti di ricerca”

    • “Il rapporto di lavoro”

  • Others

    • “Laboratorio di Comunicazione” (from QUASI_SI PhD Program)

D. Bernini, PhD research status


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Teaching support activities

  • Support on various courses of the Bachelor’s and Master’s degree in Computer Science

    • Assistant lecturer for "Monitoring and Control Systems" ("Sistemi Integrati di Controllo e Supervisione"), Master's degree, second year

    • Assistant lecturer for "Laboratory of Knowledge Representation" ("Laboratorio di Rappresentazione della Conoscenza"), Master's degree, second year

    • Tutor for "Laboratory of Operating Systems" ("Laboratorio di Sistemi operativi"), Bachelor's degree, second year;

    • Assistant Lecturer for "Base Mathematics" ("Matematica di base"), University of Milano-Bicocca, Bachelor's degree, first year

    • Tutor for "Laboratory of Programming Languages" ("Laboratorio di Linguaggi di Programmazione"), University of Milano-Bicocca, Bachelor's degree, second year

D. Bernini, PhD research status


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Index

  • Performed research activities

  • PhD courses & other activities

  • Proposal for the PhD thesis

D. Bernini, PhD research status


Area interactive art systems l.jpg
Area: Interactive-Art Systems

  • Interactive-Art

    • “a general classification of any type of art mainly interactive, where the viewer turns out to be an active player dialoguing with the artifact, possibly changing it” (Marcos et al 2009)

    • “the attempt is to try to make communication between the work of art and the observer a sustained two-way experience” (Burnham 1968)

    • Origins: Dada Movement, Performance Art, Kinetic Art

  • Interactive-Art systems

    • Interactive artworks as interactive systems

    • Importance of understanding artworks in their environmental context (Edmonds et al 2004)

    • All things “which processes art data,…are components of the work of art” (Burnham 1968)

    • Origins: Jack Burhnam, Roy Ascott

D. Bernini, PhD research status


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My focus: ICT-supported interactive art-systems

  • Artworks or installations where some interactions are achieved by ICT

    • For itself: the interactions are integrant part of the artwork/installation

    • For the exhibition: valorization of traditional artworks/installations

      • Museums and galleries

(Utterback’s works

http://www.camilleutterback.com)

(Studio Azzurro installations

www.studioazzurro.com)

(Iamascope, see Fels 1997)

D. Bernini, PhD research status


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Needs and whishes (1)

  • Tools to design ICT-supported interactive art-systems more oriented to the artist perspective

    • Different visual programming tools..…but too specific

      • E.g. MAX/MSP: audio/video processing

      • Technology oriented

    • From (Edmonds 2004):

      • “We need computing resources and software to enable the kind of guided or playful exploration of possibilities in which artists engage”

      • “One solution might be the creation of more software tools that allow the artist access to deeper levels of the computer’s programming system, rather than software applications that have been developed for specific tasks such as image manipulation.”

      • “Such tools could provide a bridge between the use of an environment that requires programming knowledge and the ‘closed’ application, which does not provide sufficient flexibility.”

D. Bernini, PhD research status


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Needs and whishes (2)

  • Suitable software abstractions

    • From (Edmonds et al 2005)

      • “Major aesthetic decisions may be embodied in fairly deep programming decisions and they need to be open for full debate in the team. This seems to come down to finding representations of the code that can be used to facilitate such debates”

      • They should acts as shared languages/representations, they have to enable multiple points of views and to facilitate the discussion

D. Bernini, PhD research status


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Key intrinsic aspects

  • Real-time

    • The interactive artwork may require interactions with strong time constraints

  • Multi-modal

    • Multiple input sources and output effects

      • E.g. input: sensors and devices for movement, sound recognition

      • E.g. output: actuators and devices for audio-video generation, light control

    • “the integration potential of digital technology is vital to innovative creative systems.” (Edmonds et al 2005)

D. Bernini, PhD research status


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A possible answer

  • A model for interactive art-systems

    • Two views

  • “Conceptual view”: metaphors which meet artist needs

    • How artists would like to conceive the interactivity, the audience participation, independently from available technologies?

  • “Concrete view”: an effective reification of the metaphors in terms of software elements which enable the fulfillment of the intrinsic system requirements

    • Beyond ad-hoc approaches

    • It must allow the reification of the conceptual view in an effective, robust, scalable way

      • real-time and multimodal requirements

D. Bernini, PhD research status


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“Architectures for Interactive-Art Systems”

  • Bottom-up path

  • First (thesis’ core): studying effective software architectures for these systems

    • Goal: to abstract from the specific technologies (sensors, actuators and other devices)

    • Reuse/rethink/enhance my experience on critical systems..

    • plus Interaction Design/Human-Computer Interaction approaches

    • Results applicable to various class of systems

      • E.g. Video-surveillance systems

  • Second: identifying some artist metaphors to conceive interactive-art systems

    • From collaborations with artists/studios

    • Interactive artworks as composition of…?

D. Bernini, PhD research status


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PhD courses

  • Fundamental: collaborations/interactions with some artist/centre/lab

    • Interactive art projects

    • Technological possibilities & case studies

    • Studio Azzurro? (DeMichelis)

  • PhD formation

    • PhD course to this aim

    • Courses on art & technology, art & design..

      • Domus Academy?

      • Course of some Fine Arts Academy?

    • Abroad period on a specific centre/lab?

      • Ars Electronica

      • Berlin centers

      • etc

D. Bernini, PhD research status


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References 1a

  • Bernini, D. 2008. A Software Architecture for Emergency Management Systems: the deployment of the computational components. Master’s Thesis. University of Milano-Bicocca.

  • Caflisch, L., Savigni, A., Schettini, R., and Tisato, F. 2005. A software architecture for real-time, embedded monitoring systems. Advanced Video and Signal Based Surveillance, 2005. AVSS 2005. IEEE Conference on, 540-545.

  • Cazzola, W., Savigni, A., Sosio, A., and Tisato, F. 1998. Architectural Reflection: Bridging the Gap Between a Running System and its Architectural Specification. In proceedings of 6th Reengineering Forum (REF'98, 8--11.

  • Dearle A. 2007. Software Deployment, Past, Present and Future. Washington, DC, USA, 2007, IEEE Computer Society, Washington, DC, USA, 269―284.

  • Ghezzi, C., Jazayeri, M., and Mandrioli, D. 2002 Fundamentals of Software Engineering. 2nd. Prentice Hall PTR.

D. Bernini, PhD research status


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References 1b

  • Heineman, G.T. and Councill, W.T. 2001. Component-based software engineering: putting the pieces together. Addison-Wesley Longman Publishing Co., Inc., Boston, MA, USA.

  • Hillman, J. and Warren, I. 2004. An Open Framework for Dynamic Reconfiguration. Washington, DC, USA, 2004, IEEE Computer Society, Washington, DC, USA, 594―603.

  • Mellor, S.J., Kendall, S., Uhl, A., and Weise, D. 2004. MDA Distilled. Addison Wesley Longman Publishing Co., Inc.

  • Oreizy, P., Medvidovic, N., and Taylor, R. N. 2008. Runtime software adaptation: framework, approaches, and styles. In Companion of the 30th international Conference on Software Engineering (Leipzig, Germany, May 10 - 18, 2008). ICSE Companion '08. ACM, New York, NY, 899-910.

  • Shaw, M. and Garlan, D. 1996. Software architecture: perspectives on an emerging discipline. Prentice-Hall, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ, USA.

D. Bernini, PhD research status


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References 2

  • Burnham, J. 1968. Beyond Modern Sculpture, Penguin, The Allen Lane Press, London.

  • Edmonds, E. A., Weakley, A., Candy, L., Fell, M., Knott, R., and Pauletto, S. 2005. The studio as laboratory: combining creative practice and digital technology research. Int. J. Hum.-Comput. Stud. 63, 4-5 (Oct. 2005), 452-481.

  • Edmonds, E., Turner, G., E Candy, L. 2004. Approaches to interactive art systems. Singapore, 2004, ACM, Singapore, 113-117.

  • Fels, S. 1997. Iamascope: an interactive kaleidoscope. In ACM SIGGRAPH 97 Visual Proceedings: the Art and interdisciplinary Programs of SIGGRAPH '97 (Los Angeles, California, United States, August 03 - 08, 1997). L. Pocock, R. Hopkins, D. Ebert, and J. Crow, Eds. SIGGRAPH '97. ACM, New York, NY, 76-77.

  • Marcos, A. F, Branco, P. and Carvalho, J. A. 2009. The Computer Medium in Digital Art’s Creative Process, in Handbook of Research on Computational Arts and Creative Informatics. Information Science Publishing.

D. Bernini, PhD research status


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