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0. Aging and psychological disorders. Issues of aging Delirium and dementia Other psychological disorders in old age. 0. Issues of gerontology. A dearth of trained professionals to research and provide care A society that devalues old people simply because they are old: Ageism

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Aging and psychological disorders

Issues of aging

Delirium and dementia

Other psychological disorders in old age


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Issues of gerontology

  • A dearth of trained professionals to research and provide care

  • A society that devalues old people simply because they are old: Ageism

  • Flexibility and adjustment from life experiences

  • DSM-IV makes no distinctions in diagnosis based on age differences in adults.


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Delirium and dementia

  • Delirium: Disturbance of consciousness and change in cognition; acute onset. Ability to focus, shift, or sustain attention is impaired. May experience misperceptions, illusions, or hallucinations.

  • Dementia: Multiple cognitive deficits, including impaired memory (DSM-IV)


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Delirium

  • Due to a General Medical Condition

  • Substance-Induced

  • Due to Multiple Etiologies


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Dementia

  • Dementia of the Alzheimer’s Type

  • Vascular Dementia

  • Dementia due to HIV Disease

  • Dementia Due to Head Trauma

  • Dementia Due to Parkinson’s Disease, Huntington’s Disease, Pick’s Disease, Creutzfeld-Jacob Disease, Other General Medical Conditions

  • Substance-Induced Dementia

  • Dementia Due to Multiple Etiologies


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Dementia symptoms

  • Memory impairment, plus

    • One of

      • Aphasia

      • Apraxia

      • Agnosia

      • Disturbance in executive functioning.

    • Evidence of decline from a previous higher level of functioning.


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