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Jonathan Dalgliesh , Lisa FayeNajiaHaimd, Cheryl Manalo
& Charlotte Wong
Increasingly we live in a surveillance society that governments justify by claiming it keeps communities safe by combating the threat of terrorism. Assume you are a researcher working for the Mayor of a metropolitan city. Design a research approach that identifies the relevant issues so that they might be discussed at a community meeting of residents.Position –EpistemologicalCritical and Post-structuralist / Feminist
The Rocks & Circular Quay
‘The use of methods to induce terror, especially the use of violence to achieve political ends.’
Source: Macquarie Dictionary
‘Terrorism is understood as a type of violence. Many definitions highlight the experience of terror or fear as the proximate aim of that violence nor terror is inflicted for its own sake, but rather for the sake of a further aim such as coercion, or some more specific political objective.’
Source: Stanford Encyclopaedia of Philosophy
Post 9/11 surveillance development shaped democratic processes which increasingly justify governments to increase surveillance in the interest of national security.
Source – Haggerty & Samatas (2010)
In 2005, ex-Prime Minister Howard visited London post the second of two bomb attacks on the public transport system, announcing:
“I think of all the things I have taken out of the few days that I have been in London, none has been more powerful than the huge value of surveillance cameras.”
He also subsequently offered in an interview about CCTVs that they are:
“ a real plus in catching people” and
“in certain circumstances....act as a deterrent”
Source – Brew (2005, p.1)
QLD State Minister for Transport and Main Roads,
Paul Lucas declared that what must be
understood is that CCTVs
do not provide a prior warning and do nothing to prevent the terrorist attack from taking place in the first place.
CCTV footage assists afterterrorists have struck.
Annual operating costs of selected CCTV systems as at 2003:
Source – Wilson and Sutton (2003).
Additionally , identifiable hidden costs of maintaining CCTV include:
Source – Brew (2005, p.4)
What policies already exist for street surveillance in the city of Sydney:
Street Safety Camera Program
Street Safety Camera Program – Code Of Ethics
How many CCTV cameras are located in the Sydney CBD area?
CCTV privacy fears raised
Is street surveillance effective in the City of Sydney in combating terrorism?
approach, quantitative data
Unlike Galton who unethically used children for research purposes and whilst Thorndike used chickens...
our research methods will in no way endanger human life nor harm animals.
Nisbet (2005, p.29-31)
Principles which need to guide social research include ‘informed consent’, ‘privacy’, ‘confidentiality’ and ‘anonymity’.
Bulmer in Ramcharan & Cutcliffe(2001, p. 359)
As a researcher working for the mayor of a metropolitan city - who is funding the study?
Yates (2004, p.31) discusses the issues surrounding research in that funding can start to define research practices – in terms of what can be done and then including what is counted as legitimate research.
GeorgeOrwell\'s 1949 novel called ‘1984’
depicts a totalitarian government
bent on total manipulation of its citizens.
Haggerty & Samatas (2010)
Wilson, D. & Sutton, A. 2003, ‘Open-Street CCTV in Australia’, Trends & Issues, no. 271, Australian Institute of Criminology’.