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Uprising in Kyrgyzstan 2005. Andrew E. Fitzpatrick [email protected] Geography 308 (Russia and Eastern Europe) Professor Zoltan Grossman University of Wisconsin-Eau Claire Spring 2005. Map: http://www.cia.gov/cia/publications/factbook/maps/kg-map.gif

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uprising in kyrgyzstan 2005

Uprising in Kyrgyzstan2005

Andrew E. [email protected] Geography 308 (Russia and Eastern Europe) Professor Zoltan Grossman University of Wisconsin-Eau Claire Spring 2005

Map: http://www.cia.gov/cia/publications/factbook/maps/kg-map.gif

Flags: http://www.cia.gov/cia/publications/factbook/flags/kg-lgflag.gif

askar akayev
Askar Akayev
  • Elected President of Kyrgyzstan shortly after gaining independence in 1991
  • Initially viewed by West as a “democrat”

http://us.news1.yimg.com/us.yimg.com/p/rids/20050324/i/r4127819961.jpg

http://www.numismondo.com/pm/kgz/akayev.gif

askar akayev3
Askar Akayev
  • Re-elected in 1995
  • Begins consolidating power of president while decreasing power of legislature in capital of Bishkek

http://images.encarta.msn.com/xrefmedia/sharemed/targets/images/pho/000fb/000fb715.jsm

http://eng.gateway.kg/data/eng/27.shtml!!9371307372.jpg

slide4
Elected to a third term in 2000
  • Many international observers report the elections flawed

http://newsimg.bbc.co.uk/media/images/40871000/jpg/_40871561_vote-ap-203x300.jpg

http://www.theepochtimes.com/news_images/2005-1-27-khyrgyz.jpg

opposition
Opposition
  • As Akayev moved further from democratization, opposition to his governance arose
  • The Kyrgyz opposition is a “bloc” of political parties, civil society groups, and human rights organizations focusing on economic stagnation and regional and economic exclusion
  • General agreement among opposition groups that economic reform is needed
  • Disagreement about specific reform tactics
  • Also differing opinions on favoring West vs. favoring Russia

http://www.un.org/av/photo/ga/images/45024.jpg

parliamentary elections round one february 2005
Parliamentary elections, Round OneFebruary 2005
  • Several independent and opposition party candidates are barred from running, sparking protests

http://newsimg.bbc.co.uk/media/images/40860000/jpg/_40860469_maliyev1-ap203.jpg

http://us.news2.yimg.com/us.yimg.com/p/afp/20050329/capt.sge.bwi30.290305114131.photo02.photo.default-384x269.jpg

parliamentary elections round two march 2005
Parliamentary elections, Round TwoMarch 2005
  • Protests increase in intensity
  • Demonstrations spread from south to Bishkek in the north

Top Photo: http://us.news2.yimg.com/us.yimg.com/p/nm/20050323/mdf905291.jpg

Bottom Photo: http://us.news2.yimg.com/us.yimg.com/p/afp/20050322/capt.sge.acu58.220305132941.photo00.photo.default-384x297.jpg

akayev overthrown
Akayev overthrown
  • Protesters take over official buildings, Akayev flees country

http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/asia-pacific/4409519.stm

http://us.news2.yimg.com/us.yimg.com/p/afp/20050321/capt.sge.uwb22.210305155054.photo01.photo.default-384x305.jpg

kurmanbek bakiev
Kurmanbek Bakiev
  • Akayev officially resigns April 4, 2005
  • Kurmanbek Bakiev, an opposition leader and former Prime Minister, is confirmed by the newly elected parliament as President

http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia-pacific/4397409.stm

presidential elections set for june 26 2005
Presidential elections set for June 26, 2005
  • Kurmanbek Bakiev will remain President in the meantime
  • Who will Kyrgyzstan elect as the next President?

http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/south_asia/4443361.stm

opposition leaders
Opposition Leaders
  • Bakiev and Felix Kulov, both opposition leaders, are running in the June election

http://us.news1.yimg.com/us.yimg.com/p/rids/20050411/i/r600105756.jpg

http://medias.lemonde.fr/mmpub/edt/ill/2005/03/25/v_7_ill_631796_bakiev.jpg

divisions
Divisions
  • There are already signs of division between these two opposition leaders
  • Kulov quickly resigned the Head of Security position Bakiev gave him after Akayev fled

http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/asia-pacific/4409519.stm

geographical differences
Geographical Differences
  • Kurmanbek Bakiev:
  • Felix Kulov:

Jalal-Abad

http://medias.lemonde.fr/mmpub/edt/ill/2005/03/25/v_7_ill_631796_bakiev.jpg

Bishkek

http://us.news1.yimg.com/us.yimg.com/p/rids/20050411/i/r600105756.jpg

bishkek felix kulov
Bishkek Felix Kulov
  • Kyrgyzstan’s political power concentrated here
  • Kyrgyzstan’s main economic center; more economic opportunities

http://www.bishkek.com/images/victorysquare.jpg

http://img.aktuell.ru/rupol0010/images/Kulov_Felix-177.jpg

slide16

Bishkek Felix Kulov

  • More closely integrated with Kazakhstan (than the south)
  • Bishkek is only a 4-hour drive from Almaty, the largest city in Kazakhstan

http://www.bishkek.com/images/victorysquare.jpg

http://img.aktuell.ru/rupol0010/images/Kulov_Felix-177.jpg

jalal abad kurmanbek bakiev
Jalal-AbadKurmanbek Bakiev
  • Poorer part of Kyrgyzstan, more traditional society
  • Near the multi-ethnic Ferghana Valley in the south
  • Often feel their concerns are overlooked in Bishkek

http://www.dellavalle.net/Kirgis3.html

http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia-pacific/4397409.stm

slide18

Jalal-AbadKurmanbek Bakiev

http://www.dellavalle.net/Kirgis3.html

http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia-pacific/4397409.stm

  • Practice of Islam more pervasive than in north
  • More oriented (in terms of location and culture) to Uzbekistan, Iran, Afghanistan, and other Muslim countries to the south
  • 10-hour drive from nearby Osh to Bishkek
slide19
Mountains create “distance” between North and South, even though the distance appears short on maps

Photo: http://www.seracfilms.com/Imagesaddeddate/ScannedSep22/pkpobieda.jpg

Flags: http://www.cia.gov/cia/publications/factbook/flags/kg-lgflag.gif

foreign interests
Foreign Interests
  • Kyrgyzstan may seem like just a small, central Asian country, but the world is watching the uprising unfold
  • The increasingly globalized international system has interests in a stable Kyrgyzstan

http://zhurnal.lib.ru/img/l/lepeshka_k_b/dacha/kyrgyzstan_jeti-oguz.jpg

united states
United States
  • Kyrgyzstan offered Manas air base near Bishkek to the U.S. after 9/11 (with Russian approval) for the Afghan war
  • Tended to side with opposition

http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/americas/3355319.stm

http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/facility/images/manas-ik-12apr03_1.jpg

russia
Russia
  • Doesn’t want to lose influence in a country it sees as within its “sphere of influence”
  • Set up air base less than 25 miles from U.S. air base
  • Tended to side with Akayev; gave him sanctuary following uprising

http://www.colorton.ru/foto/putin.jpg

china
China
  • Also has interests in Kyrgyzstan; Xinjiang (Muslim province) borders eastern Kyrgyzstan
  • Hopes for a stable Kyrgyzstan to help prevent spread of Islamic extremism and growth of drug smuggling from nearby Afghanistan
  • Mistrustful of Russian and U.S. bases on its borders

http://www.crwflags.com/art/countries1/china.gif

slide24
Key to June elections is to give all Kyrgyz citizens, North and South, an equal say in government
  • Cooperation could transcend the geographical division between North and South

Flags: http://www.cia.gov/cia/publications/factbook/flags/kg-lgflag.gif

Photo: http://www.nationalgeographic.com/wildworld/images/profiles/terrestrial/pa/sm/pa1014a.jpg

bibliography
Bibliography
  • Library of Congress Country Study
    • http://lcweb2.loc.gov/cgi-bin/query/r?frd/cstdy:@field(DOCID+kg0023)
  • EurasiaNet Human Rights: Kyrgyzstan: Organized Opposition and Civil Unrest
    • http://www.eurasianet.org/departments/rights/articles/eav121602.shtml
  • BBC News: Timeline: Kyrgyzstan
    • http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/asia-pacific/country_profiles/1296570.stm
  • BBC News: Profile: Askar Akayev
    • http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/asia-pacific/4371819.stm
  • BBC News: Kyrgyzstan faces post-Akayev future
    • http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/asia-pacific/4409519.stm
  • BBC News: Q&A: Kyrgyzstan protests
    • http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/asia-pacific/4379775.stm
  • BBC News: Kyrgyzstan’s new leaders
    • http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/asia-pacific/4370925.stm

Flags: http://www.cia.gov/cia/publications/factbook/flags/kg-lgflag.gif

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