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GLOBAL TRENDS IN REGULATION. Prof. Ibrahim A. Kadi, Head, ITU Arab Regional Office www.itu.intwww.ituarabic.org. 1 st REGULATORY MEETING FOR THE ARAB REGION Algiers (Algeria), 19 – 21 April 2003. Topics. Telecom Sector Reform Trends & Regional Benchmarking

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Global trends in regulation l.jpg

GLOBAL TRENDS IN REGULATION

Prof. Ibrahim A. Kadi,

Head, ITU Arab Regional Office

www.itu.intwww.ituarabic.org

1st REGULATORY MEETING

FOR THE ARAB REGION

Algiers (Algeria), 19 – 21 April 2003


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Topics

  • Telecom Sector Reform

  • Trends & Regional Benchmarking

  • Arab Reform Scoreboard

  • Regional Regulatory Associations

  • ITU/BDT RRU

  • Conclusion


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Telecom Sector ReformGetting the recipe right

Three essential ingredients:

  • Competition

  • Private sector participation

  • Effective regulation


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Telecom Reform, WHY?

  • Liberalized Markets grow faster, innovate, and serve customers better and cheaper

  • Attract private capital and foreign investment

  • Mobile and Internet services fast Growth -- Competition is the stimulus

  • Investor confidence linked to an effective, fair & transparent regulatory framework

  • Globalization, Growth of international trade in ICT services, and WTO Agreements


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More telecom Regulators

Number of Countries with separate telecom regulators

Source: ITU World Telecommunication Regulatory Database


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Regulators by Region -How do we compare?

Source: ITU World Telecommunication Regulatory Database


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Competition – the Global Scene

Percentage of Countries with Competition for Selected Services, 2001

% of countries

Source: ITU World Telecommunication Regulatory Database


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Competition - Basic Services

Basic Services by Region, 2002

% of countries

Source: ITU World Telecom. Regulatory Database


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Competition - Basic Services

Basic Services by Type, World 2002

% of countries

Source: ITU World Telecommunication Regulatory Database


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Competition in Mobile:Arab States lag behind

% of countries

Source: ITU World Telecommunication Regulatory Database


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Competition in ISP

Internet services, 2002

% of Countries

Source: ITU World Telecommunication Regulatory Database


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Arab Reform Scoreboard 1/3


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Arab Reform Scoreboard 2/3


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Arab Reform Scoreboard 3/3


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Regional Regulatory Associations Worldwide

  • AFRICA:1- ARICEA

    2- TRASA

    3- WATRA

  • ASIA-PACIFIC:ATRC

  • AMERICAS:1- OCUR

    2- REGULATEL

  • EUROPE: - ERG


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TRASA’s Vision:

« To be a model regulatory association, through the design and implementation of harmonised regulations and policies, to achieve universal service and sustainable communications development in an investor friendly environment »


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ARICEA’s Objectives:

  • "(a) Exchange ideas, views and experiences among members on all aspects relating to facilitating and regulating the development and application of ICTs;

  • (b) Promote the sustainable development and application of efficient, adequate and cost-effective ICT networks and services in the sub-region;

  • (c) Coordinate cross-border regulatory issues on ICTs in the sub-region;

  • (d) Contribute to the achievement of sub-regional and regional integration;

  • (e) Promote the maximisation of the utilisation of scarce resources in the ICTs sector.”


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ITU BDT Regulatory Reform Unit (RRU)

  • Publications & case studies on key issues

  • Regulatory Models

  • International & Regional Regulatory Forums

  • ITU World Telecom. Regulatory Database

  • Online library and resource center

  • The Global Regulators’ Exchange:G-REX

  • Capacity building for regulators through Centres of Excellence


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Reports: Trends in Telecom Reform

2002

Effective

Regulation

2000/2001

Interconnection

Regulation

1999

Convergence & Regulation

1998

General Trends


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Trends in Telecom. Reform

2003: Promoting Universal access to ICTs: Practical tools for regulators

  • Universal Access/Service Overview

  • Role of Sector Reform

  • Procedures to establish a Universal Service Fund, Role of Minimum Subsidy Auction, Consumer tariffs and Interconnection Rate

  • Public Access, Telecentres

  • Entrepreneurial Solutions & Role of Regulator


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Narrowing the Digital Divide Through:

  • Regulatory Reform

  • Incentive Regulation

  • New Technology

  • Public Access to ICTs


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The Global Regulators’Exchange G-REX

Online forum for

Regulators &

Policy makers

to exchange information and experiences

through Conferences and the Regulators’ Hotline


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G-REX Conferences

Virtual WiFi Conference

Interconnection Dispute Settlement Conf.

Licensing Conf.

Special Study

Dispute Settlement

And ADR

G-REX CONFERENCES AND SPECIAL STUDY


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Global Symposium for Regulators

Geneva, 8-9 Dec. 2003

  • Practical tools regulators can use to increase

  • universal access to ICTs:

  • Day 1 : Private Sector/Regulator Sessions

  • Day 2 : Regulators Only Sessions

  • http://www.itu.int/ITU-D/treg/Events/

  • Seminars/2003/GSR/index.html


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RRU Web Sitehttp:// www.itu.int/ITU-D/treg/


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Challenges for Arab Regulators (1)

  • True Independence (vs. conflict of Responsibilities)

  • Transparency and Fairness (Real & Perceived)

  • Licensing and Competition Policy

  • Dynamic Management and Licensing of Spectrum

  • Universal Service and Universal Access

  • Price Regulation

  • Consumer Protection

  • Adequate Financing


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Challenges for Arab Regulators (2)

  • Interconnection Obligations

  • Local Loop Unbundling

  • 3G Mobile Spectrum Allocation and Licensing

  • Broadband Services

  • Broadcasting Services

  • Internet and ICT:

    • Internet Governance and Regulation

    • Cyber Laws & e-Applications

    • Security, Digital Signature and PKI

    • Multilingual Domain Names and ENUM


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Conclusion

  • Telecom Sector Reform – 3 basic ingredients:

    • Competition

    • Private sector participation

    • Independent regulation

  • Arab World lagging in Reform, esp. in competition

  • Reform Programs in various parts of the Arab World:

    • Recent Privatization Moves: Jordan, Saudi Arabia

    • Privatization without competition: Qatar, UAE

    • Competition without Regulation: Somalia

    • Notable Regulators: e.g. Jordan, Bahrain.


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