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GLOBAL TRENDS IN REGULATION. Prof. Ibrahim A. Kadi, Head, ITU Arab Regional Office www.itu.int www.ituarabic.org. 1 st REGULATORY MEETING FOR THE ARAB REGION Algiers (Algeria), 19 – 21 April 2003. Topics. Telecom Sector Reform Trends & Regional Benchmarking

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global trends in regulation
GLOBAL TRENDS IN REGULATION

Prof. Ibrahim A. Kadi,

Head, ITU Arab Regional Office

www.itu.int www.ituarabic.org

1st REGULATORY MEETING

FOR THE ARAB REGION

Algiers (Algeria), 19 – 21 April 2003

topics
Topics
  • Telecom Sector Reform
  • Trends & Regional Benchmarking
  • Arab Reform Scoreboard
  • Regional Regulatory Associations
  • ITU/BDT RRU
  • Conclusion
telecom sector reform getting the recipe right
Telecom Sector ReformGetting the recipe right

Three essential ingredients:

  • Competition
  • Private sector participation
  • Effective regulation
telecom reform why
Telecom Reform, WHY?
  • Liberalized Markets grow faster, innovate, and serve customers better and cheaper
  • Attract private capital and foreign investment
  • Mobile and Internet services fast Growth -- Competition is the stimulus
  • Investor confidence linked to an effective, fair & transparent regulatory framework
  • Globalization, Growth of international trade in ICT services, and WTO Agreements
more telecom regulators
More telecom Regulators

Number of Countries with separate telecom regulators

Source: ITU World Telecommunication Regulatory Database

regulators by region how do we compare
Regulators by Region -How do we compare?

Source: ITU World Telecommunication Regulatory Database

competition the global scene
Competition – the Global Scene

Percentage of Countries with Competition for Selected Services, 2001

% of countries

Source: ITU World Telecommunication Regulatory Database

competition basic services
Competition - Basic Services

Basic Services by Region, 2002

% of countries

Source: ITU World Telecom. Regulatory Database

competition basic services9
Competition - Basic Services

Basic Services by Type, World 2002

% of countries

Source: ITU World Telecommunication Regulatory Database

competition in mobile arab states lag behind
Competition in Mobile:Arab States lag behind

% of countries

Source: ITU World Telecommunication Regulatory Database

competition in isp
Competition in ISP

Internet services, 2002

% of Countries

Source: ITU World Telecommunication Regulatory Database

regional regulatory associations worldwide
Regional Regulatory Associations Worldwide
  • AFRICA: 1- ARICEA

2- TRASA

3- WATRA

  • ASIA-PACIFIC: ATRC
  • AMERICAS: 1- OCUR

2- REGULATEL

  • EUROPE: - ERG
trasa s vision
TRASA’s Vision:

« To be a model regulatory association, through the design and implementation of harmonised regulations and policies, to achieve universal service and sustainable communications development in an investor friendly environment »

aricea s objectives
ARICEA’s Objectives:
  • "(a) Exchange ideas, views and experiences among members on all aspects relating to facilitating and regulating the development and application of ICTs;
  • (b) Promote the sustainable development and application of efficient, adequate and cost-effective ICT networks and services in the sub-region;
  • (c) Coordinate cross-border regulatory issues on ICTs in the sub-region;
  • (d) Contribute to the achievement of sub-regional and regional integration;
  • (e) Promote the maximisation of the utilisation of scarce resources in the ICTs sector.”
itu bdt regulatory reform unit rru
ITU BDT Regulatory Reform Unit (RRU)
  • Publications & case studies on key issues
  • Regulatory Models
  • International & Regional Regulatory Forums
  • ITU World Telecom. Regulatory Database
  • Online library and resource center
  • The Global Regulators’ Exchange:G-REX
  • Capacity building for regulators through Centres of Excellence
reports trends in telecom reform
Reports: Trends in Telecom Reform

2002

Effective

Regulation

2000/2001

Interconnection

Regulation

1999

Convergence & Regulation

1998

General Trends

slide20

Trends in Telecom. Reform

2003: Promoting Universal access to ICTs: Practical tools for regulators

  • Universal Access/Service Overview
  • Role of Sector Reform
  • Procedures to establish a Universal Service Fund, Role of Minimum Subsidy Auction, Consumer tariffs and Interconnection Rate
  • Public Access, Telecentres
  • Entrepreneurial Solutions & Role of Regulator
narrowing the digital divide through
Narrowing the Digital Divide Through:
  • Regulatory Reform
  • Incentive Regulation
  • New Technology
  • Public Access to ICTs
the global regulators exchange g rex
The Global Regulators’Exchange G-REX

Online forum for

Regulators &

Policy makers

to exchange information and experiences

through Conferences and the Regulators’ Hotline

g rex conferences and special study
G-REX Conferences

Virtual WiFi Conference

Interconnection Dispute Settlement Conf.

Licensing Conf.

Special Study

Dispute Settlement

And ADR

G-REX CONFERENCES AND SPECIAL STUDY
slide24

Global Symposium for Regulators

Geneva, 8-9 Dec. 2003

  • Practical tools regulators can use to increase
  • universal access to ICTs:
  • Day 1 : Private Sector/Regulator Sessions
  • Day 2 : Regulators Only Sessions
  • http://www.itu.int/ITU-D/treg/Events/
  • Seminars/2003/GSR/index.html
challenges for arab regulators 1
Challenges for Arab Regulators (1)
  • True Independence (vs. conflict of Responsibilities)
  • Transparency and Fairness (Real & Perceived)
  • Licensing and Competition Policy
  • Dynamic Management and Licensing of Spectrum
  • Universal Service and Universal Access
  • Price Regulation
  • Consumer Protection
  • Adequate Financing
challenges for arab regulators 2
Challenges for Arab Regulators (2)
  • Interconnection Obligations
  • Local Loop Unbundling
  • 3G Mobile Spectrum Allocation and Licensing
  • Broadband Services
  • Broadcasting Services
  • Internet and ICT:
    • Internet Governance and Regulation
    • Cyber Laws & e-Applications
    • Security, Digital Signature and PKI
    • Multilingual Domain Names and ENUM
conclusion
Conclusion
  • Telecom Sector Reform – 3 basic ingredients:
          • Competition
          • Private sector participation
          • Independent regulation
  • Arab World lagging in Reform, esp. in competition
  • Reform Programs in various parts of the Arab World:
    • Recent Privatization Moves: Jordan, Saudi Arabia
    • Privatization without competition: Qatar, UAE
    • Competition without Regulation: Somalia
    • Notable Regulators: e.g. Jordan, Bahrain.
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