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The passive voice. When do we use the passive voice?. We use the passive voice to say what is done to the subject. In Book 2B, we learnt how to use the passive voice in the simple present and the simple past. We can also use the passive voice with other tenses. The present continuous and

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Presentation Transcript
slide3

We use the passive voice to say what is done to the subject.

In Book 2B, we learnt how to use the passive voice in the simple present and the simple past. We can also use the passive voice with other tenses.

slide4

The present continuous and

the past continuous

We form the passive voice in the present continuous like this.

Subject

I

The football match

The hosts

am being

is being

are being

presented

shown

helped

with an award.

live on TV.

by the assistants.

am / is / are +

being

Past participle

slide5

We form the passive voice in the past continuous in the same way.

However, we use was / were instead of am / is / are.

I was being presented with an award.

The football match was being shown live on TV.

The hosts were being helped by the assistants.

slide6

The present perfect and

the past perfect

We form the passive voice in the present perfect like this.

Past participle

Subject

The actor

Many contestants

has been

have been

given

made

three film awards.

famous.

has / have +

been

slide7

We form the passive voice in the past perfect in the same way.

However, we use had instead of has / have.

The actor had been given three film awards before he became a director.

Many contestants had been made famous by the time the show ended.

slide8

The simple future

We form the passive voice in the simple future like this.

Subject

Janice

will be

interviewed

by Eric tomorrow.

will be

Past participle

slide9

Forming questions in the passive voice

We form questions in the passive voice like this.

Is the football match being shown live on TV?

Were the hosts being helped by the assistants?

Has the actor been given three film awards?

Had many contestants been made famous by the time the show ended?

Will Janice be interviewed by Eric tomorrow?

Where are the subjects in these questions?

The subject is found after the question word.

slide11

We form the passive voice with:

  • The appropriate form of the verb to be / to have + the past participle of the main verb.

Simple present

Hong Kong is visited by many tourists every year.

We aren’t expected to win the football match.

Is the Big Buddha made of metal?

Simple past

He was thought to be the cleverest student in the class.

They weren’t asked to go to the party.

Was the football match held last week?

slide12

Present perfect

The dog has been taught to be friendly.

The Olympic Games have not been opened yet.

Have you been given any homework?

Past perfect

David had been taken to the principal before.

We had not been told what to do when we got to the school office.

Had the window been broken?

Simple future

The exam result will be posted on the notice board tomorrow.

Students won’t be allowed to use a calculator.

Will we be required to wear our uniforms?

Future with ‘be going to’

The house is going to be sold.

The computer isn’t going to be repaired until next week.

Is this going to be finished today?

slide14

The programme Survivor (is not being shown / had not been shown) for very long in the US before it caught the public’s attention. Since then, many reality shows (have been made / will be made), and now they (are being shown / had been shown) all around the world.

Today, reality TV is very popular, but (had it been replaced / will it be replaced) by something else one day? Diane Leung, a TV critic, thinks it will. ‘Audiences loved dramas before reality shows (were being produced / will be produced), and I’m sure they’ll love something different again in the future.’

slide15

According to TV producer Marcus Lee, the most popular shows in the future (are being based / will be based) around interaction. ‘Audiences (had been given / will be given) the chance to control what happens in the shows, simply by pressing their remote controls,’ says Lee.

Whether interactive shows will be the

next big thing in TV no one knows, but

what is certain is that TV itself (is being

loved / will be loved) for many more years.

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