the colombian situation we ve hope
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The colombian situation: we´ve hope. Pablo Moreno. ¿Where´s COLOMBIA?. Geographical Situation. Colombia is a country of 44 millions inhabitants Bogotá is capital city and have some urbans centers like Medellín, Cali, Barranquilla, Cartagena y Bucaramanga.

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geographical situation
Geographical Situation
  • Colombia is a country of 44 millions inhabitants
  • Bogotá is capital city and have some urbans centers like Medellín, Cali, Barranquilla, Cartagena y Bucaramanga.
  • Colombia is northeast of Sout America and his frontiers are Venezuela, Océano Atlántico o Mar Caribe, Panamá, Océano Pacífico, Ecuador, Perú y Brasil.
colombia in century xix
Colombia in century XIX
  • Colombia begun like republic in 1810 after independence wars.
  • During century XIX were civil wars from 1854 to 1903 betwen conservatives and liberals.
  • The end of century XIX Colombia suffer the conflict more large “The war of onethousend days” and lost Panamá.
  • In 1886 begun the Constitution for more than 100 years and the Concordat with the Catholic Church.
colombia in the twehtieth
Colombia in the twehtieth
  • In this century Colombia won stability and a take off economic across cicles of cocoa, flowers, golden, coffe, carbon and banana.
  • In the beginnings of the century the conservatives ruled in Colombia. In 1930 the liberal party won the elections and ruled for 15 years.
  • In this period changed the Constitution and Concordat producing a reaction in conservatives.
jorge eli cer gait n
Jorge Eliécer Gaitán
  • The liberal partywasdividedto electoral period in 1945, in consequencelostthepresidential.
  • Gaitanwas a leader charismatic and promotethe social and moral reformtothepolitics.
  • Gaitanwasmurdered in 1948 and beguntheviolence in allover country.
  • Thisviolencegeneratedtwentythousanddeadduringtwelveyears.
the violence in the 50s
The violence in the 50s
  • In 1953 come to an agreement for peace from leaders of conservative and liberal party.
  • But in the rural zones some liberals and conservatives groups continued struggle for the earth, many families were strip of his property.
co goverment
Co-goverment
  • During the 50s conservatives had the political power but sustaining with support of dictator Rojas Pinilla.
  • In 1957 Rojas was removed and the parties proposal the co-goverment each 4 years.
  • Rojas Pinilla launch out to election in 1970 and won but the electoral system no acepted this results.
guerrillas
Guerrillas
  • After the elections in 1970 arisen M-19 urban nationalist movement .
  • In 1964 emerged FARC from liberals guerrilla
  • In 1965 emerged ELN from cuban inspiration, in this group was militant Camilo Torres Restrepo.
  • Since emerged others minors groups like EPL, Quintin Lame, PRT, Ricardo Franco.
the druggs trafic
Thedruggstrafic
  • In the 80s emerged thebusiness of thedruggs.
  • Thisproblemaffectedallsphere of thecolombianlife.
  • Thepolitics, onthejustice and executivepower.
  • In the rural zonesthisbusinessinfluenciedtogroupslikeranchers, farmers and guerrillas.
  • Theranchers and thefarmersagreewithestablishparamilitarygroups.
paramilitary groups
Paramilitarygroups
  • Theparamilitariesweresupportingforpoliticalleaders and membersfromthearmy.
  • PopulationMassacre in some places weresupportwithmembers of thearmylikeaccomplice. Thiseventshappened in the 80s and 90s buttodaytheJusticeyetnotresolvethisprocess.
  • Thisgroupsattackingdemocraticsexpresions in thecitylikePatrioticUnion, Democratic Alliance and othergroups emerged fromthepeacedialogs and agreementfordemobilization.
the new constituition
The new Constituition
  • The crisis in the 80s for militar offensivefromtraffic of druggs and the extraditable like Escobar, Gacha and Santacruz.
  • Theassassinate of thecandidatestopresidentlike Galán, Jaramillo Ossa and Pizarro.
  • TheresultwasthecalledtoConstituentAssemble in 1991.
  • The new Constitutionopenedparticipation in politicaltominoritieslikeprotestants, indigenous, afrodescendent, etc
  • The FARC no participed in thisevent.
  • The extraditable hadinfluence in someparticipants.
the 90s
The 90s
  • Duringthisdecadethetraditionalpoliticalruledtothe country.
  • Theparamilitarygroupscontinued in growth and guerrillas like FARC and ELN disputedsomestrategicareas.
  • Thepeoplewere displaced tourbans centers abandoninghisproperties, family and thedead.
  • Thepresident Pastrana proposed dialogue with guerrilla of the FARC and offerclear up zone of thearmy.
the 90s15
The 90s
  • This dialogue failurebecausetheguerrilagrowthhisactivitykidnappingpolitics, militaries, civil persons, etc.
  • Thegovermentneitherprovedresults in thenegotiationnordesmovilization of paramilitarygroups.
  • In thiscontextthepoliticalcampaignfromAlvaro Uribe wasmarkedforthemilitaryconfrontationwith guerrilla whomclasifiedliketerrorists.
colombian plan
Colombian Plan
  • Thecolombian plan wasapplicatedforthelastpresidentswithsupportfrom USA.
  • This plan haveobjectivefightagainstnarcotraffic and terrorism, and his social componentisminimum.
  • Tehpresident Uribe proposed a agreementwithparamilitarygroups.
  • Thalaw of Justice and Peacepromisedtoparamilitariesdemobilization, no extradition and reparationtothevictimsafteradmitedtheculpability in massacres.
demobilization
Demobilization
  • This program failure because goverment accused to paramilitaries that continued in the criminality and not confessed all true.
  • The paramilitaries told to media that goverment not realized agreements.
  • The paramilitaries accused to members of the Congress like his colaboraters in campaign.
  • Other accusations emerged about the president.
the baptists
Thebaptists
  • The baptists arrived in Colombia en XIX century and 1942.
  • The baptistc share with the persecution in the 50s for religious causes.
  • The Colombian Evangelicals Confederation (CEDECOL) born in 1949 and his goal was advocate for religious liberty.
  • The baptists participed in this movement.
  • Today the baptists are members of CEDECOL
baptists for the peace
Baptistsforthepeace
  • Thiscomissionwork in theformationwithpeacemaker.
  • Accompanimentto displaced people.
  • Promotion of smallprojectsforsurvival.
  • Orientationtochurchesabouttheconflict and politicalcontext in Colombia.
  • Participantsonlyevangelicals
  • Thisgroupsupportthework of somecommunities in displacementsituation.
  • Promotethepoliticalincidenceahead of churches and NGOsinternational.
  • Participants are catholics and evangelicals.

TheReconciliation, Life and PeaceComission

Ecumenical Network

baptists for peace
Baptistsforpeace
  • The Colombian baptist Convention aproved our participation in this organizations.
  • The Baptist Seminary is leader in this activities from 1990s especially with formation projects
  • The Baptist Seminary work in partnership with mennonites for the efforts to peace.
  • Baptist Seminary believe that theological formation should have focus in intercultural, interreligious and ecumenical dialogue.
our needs
Ourneeds
  • Pray for us, pray for Colombia and pray for the end of the war no is too late.
  • Colombia have more than 4 millions of displaced people for the war.
  • The churches need ear and see the context with evangelical and political responsability.
  • The baptists are small group but are leader in colombian context, We need make used of influence for the peace.
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