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The colombian situation: we´ve hope. Pablo Moreno. ¿Where´s COLOMBIA?. Geographical Situation. Colombia is a country of 44 millions inhabitants Bogotá is capital city and have some urbans centers like Medellín, Cali, Barranquilla, Cartagena y Bucaramanga.

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Geographical situation l.jpg
Geographical Situation

  • Colombia is a country of 44 millions inhabitants

  • Bogotá is capital city and have some urbans centers like Medellín, Cali, Barranquilla, Cartagena y Bucaramanga.

  • Colombia is northeast of Sout America and his frontiers are Venezuela, Océano Atlántico o Mar Caribe, Panamá, Océano Pacífico, Ecuador, Perú y Brasil.



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Colombia in century XIX

  • Colombia begun like republic in 1810 after independence wars.

  • During century XIX were civil wars from 1854 to 1903 betwen conservatives and liberals.

  • The end of century XIX Colombia suffer the conflict more large “The war of onethousend days” and lost Panamá.

  • In 1886 begun the Constitution for more than 100 years and the Concordat with the Catholic Church.


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Colombia in the twehtieth

  • In this century Colombia won stability and a take off economic across cicles of cocoa, flowers, golden, coffe, carbon and banana.

  • In the beginnings of the century the conservatives ruled in Colombia. In 1930 the liberal party won the elections and ruled for 15 years.

  • In this period changed the Constitution and Concordat producing a reaction in conservatives.


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Jorge Eliécer Gaitán

  • The liberal partywasdividedto electoral period in 1945, in consequencelostthepresidential.

  • Gaitanwas a leader charismatic and promotethe social and moral reformtothepolitics.

  • Gaitanwasmurdered in 1948 and beguntheviolence in allover country.

  • Thisviolencegeneratedtwentythousanddeadduringtwelveyears.


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The violence in the 50s

  • In 1953 come to an agreement for peace from leaders of conservative and liberal party.

  • But in the rural zones some liberals and conservatives groups continued struggle for the earth, many families were strip of his property.


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Co-goverment

  • During the 50s conservatives had the political power but sustaining with support of dictator Rojas Pinilla.

  • In 1957 Rojas was removed and the parties proposal the co-goverment each 4 years.

  • Rojas Pinilla launch out to election in 1970 and won but the electoral system no acepted this results.


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Guerrillas

  • After the elections in 1970 arisen M-19 urban nationalist movement .

  • In 1964 emerged FARC from liberals guerrilla

  • In 1965 emerged ELN from cuban inspiration, in this group was militant Camilo Torres Restrepo.

  • Since emerged others minors groups like EPL, Quintin Lame, PRT, Ricardo Franco.


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Thedruggstrafic

  • In the 80s emerged thebusiness of thedruggs.

  • Thisproblemaffectedallsphere of thecolombianlife.

  • Thepolitics, onthejustice and executivepower.

  • In the rural zonesthisbusinessinfluenciedtogroupslikeranchers, farmers and guerrillas.

  • Theranchers and thefarmersagreewithestablishparamilitarygroups.


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Paramilitarygroups

  • Theparamilitariesweresupportingforpoliticalleaders and membersfromthearmy.

  • PopulationMassacre in some places weresupportwithmembers of thearmylikeaccomplice. Thiseventshappened in the 80s and 90s buttodaytheJusticeyetnotresolvethisprocess.

  • Thisgroupsattackingdemocraticsexpresions in thecitylikePatrioticUnion, Democratic Alliance and othergroups emerged fromthepeacedialogs and agreementfordemobilization.


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The new Constituition

  • The crisis in the 80s for militar offensivefromtraffic of druggs and the extraditable like Escobar, Gacha and Santacruz.

  • Theassassinate of thecandidatestopresidentlike Galán, Jaramillo Ossa and Pizarro.

  • TheresultwasthecalledtoConstituentAssemble in 1991.

  • The new Constitutionopenedparticipation in politicaltominoritieslikeprotestants, indigenous, afrodescendent, etc

  • The FARC no participed in thisevent.

  • The extraditable hadinfluence in someparticipants.


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The 90s

  • Duringthisdecadethetraditionalpoliticalruledtothe country.

  • Theparamilitarygroupscontinued in growth and guerrillas like FARC and ELN disputedsomestrategicareas.

  • Thepeoplewere displaced tourbans centers abandoninghisproperties, family and thedead.

  • Thepresident Pastrana proposed dialogue with guerrilla of the FARC and offerclear up zone of thearmy.


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The 90s

  • This dialogue failurebecausetheguerrilagrowthhisactivitykidnappingpolitics, militaries, civil persons, etc.

  • Thegovermentneitherprovedresults in thenegotiationnordesmovilization of paramilitarygroups.

  • In thiscontextthepoliticalcampaignfromAlvaro Uribe wasmarkedforthemilitaryconfrontationwith guerrilla whomclasifiedliketerrorists.


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Colombian Plan

  • Thecolombian plan wasapplicatedforthelastpresidentswithsupportfrom USA.

  • This plan haveobjectivefightagainstnarcotraffic and terrorism, and his social componentisminimum.

  • Tehpresident Uribe proposed a agreementwithparamilitarygroups.

  • Thalaw of Justice and Peacepromisedtoparamilitariesdemobilization, no extradition and reparationtothevictimsafteradmitedtheculpability in massacres.


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Demobilization

  • This program failure because goverment accused to paramilitaries that continued in the criminality and not confessed all true.

  • The paramilitaries told to media that goverment not realized agreements.

  • The paramilitaries accused to members of the Congress like his colaboraters in campaign.

  • Other accusations emerged about the president.


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Thebaptists

  • The baptists arrived in Colombia en XIX century and 1942.

  • The baptistc share with the persecution in the 50s for religious causes.

  • The Colombian Evangelicals Confederation (CEDECOL) born in 1949 and his goal was advocate for religious liberty.

  • The baptists participed in this movement.

  • Today the baptists are members of CEDECOL


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Baptistsforthepeace

  • Thiscomissionwork in theformationwithpeacemaker.

  • Accompanimentto displaced people.

  • Promotion of smallprojectsforsurvival.

  • Orientationtochurchesabouttheconflict and politicalcontext in Colombia.

  • Participantsonlyevangelicals

  • Thisgroupsupportthework of somecommunities in displacementsituation.

  • Promotethepoliticalincidenceahead of churches and NGOsinternational.

  • Participants are catholics and evangelicals.

TheReconciliation, Life and PeaceComission

Ecumenical Network


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Baptistsforpeace

  • The Colombian baptist Convention aproved our participation in this organizations.

  • The Baptist Seminary is leader in this activities from 1990s especially with formation projects

  • The Baptist Seminary work in partnership with mennonites for the efforts to peace.

  • Baptist Seminary believe that theological formation should have focus in intercultural, interreligious and ecumenical dialogue.


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Ourneeds

  • Pray for us, pray for Colombia and pray for the end of the war no is too late.

  • Colombia have more than 4 millions of displaced people for the war.

  • The churches need ear and see the context with evangelical and political responsability.

  • The baptists are small group but are leader in colombian context, We need make used of influence for the peace.


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We´ve hope


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