Institutional setting of poverty reduction social protection programs in indonesia
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Institutional Setting of Poverty Reduction/Social Protection Programs in Indonesia. Institutional Issues on CCT Program. Vita Febriany The SMERU Research Institute www.smeru.or.id. Programs Related to Poverty Reduction. Ministerial Task Force (TKPK). Launched in 2005

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Institutional Setting of Poverty Reduction/Social Protection Programs in Indonesia

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Institutional Setting of Poverty Reduction/Social Protection Programs in Indonesia

  • Institutional Issues on CCT Program

Vita Febriany

The SMERU Research Institute

www.smeru.or.id


Programs Related to Poverty Reduction


Ministerial Task Force (TKPK)

  • Launched in 2005

  • A cross-sectors forum

  • Expected to accommodate all efforts to reduce poverty

  • Consisting of:

    • 19 ministers

    • 3 head of bureau and

    • other non-governmental members

  • Chair: Coordinating Minister of People’s Welfare

  • TKPK offices are also established at provincial and district level


Under TPKP framework, since 2008, all programs dealing with poverty reduction have been coordinated into 3 clusters of program


Cluster I

Cluster II

Cluster III

Micro-enterprises Empowerment

Aim: to increase savings & business sustainability of SMEs

Social Assistance

Aim: to reduce economic cost burden of the poor

Community Empowerment

Aim: to increase the poor’s income & affordability

Main Instruments:

Rice for the poor, Health Card, CCT, scholarship for the poor.

Other Instruments:

Social assistance for disabled, elderly, children, etc.

Targets in 2009:

18.5 million the near poor, poor, and very poor households.

Main Instruments:

Credit for the People (KUR)

Targets in 2009:

US$ 2 billion for 4 million microcredit recipients

Main Instruments:

PNPM Mandiri (National Community Empowerment Program) PPK, P2KP, PPIP, PISEW, etc.

Targets in 2009:

6,408 villages

“Provide fishing rod and boat”

“Giving a fish”

“Train how to fish”


The Drawback of TKPK (Ministerial Task Force)

  • Poor coordination across ministries

  • Most ministers are from different political parties and interest groups

  • Conveying diverse poverty alleviation and agenda

  • Bureaucratic fragmentation

  • Financial limitations

  • Weak deciding power


Special Task force

  • In Mid 2010 TKPK changed its name into the national team for poverty reduction acceleration (TNP2K).

  • Three main tasks:

    • To formulate the poverty reduction policy and program,

    • To make the poverty reduction activities more synergic between ministries and institutions,

    • To perform the monitoring and evaluation function.

  • Led directly by the Vice President

  • The office is next to the Vice President office

  • Vice President checks the progress in every two weeks


Head :Vice President

Deputy I : Coordinating Minister of People’s Welfare

Deputy II : Coordinating Minister of Economic Affairs

Members

Executive Secretary:

Welfare Affairs Deputy of

Vice President Secretary

Cluster 1:

Household based Integrated Social Assistance

(Vice President Office)

Cluster 2:

Community Empowerment based Social Assistance / PNPM Mandiri

(Coordinating Ministry of People’s Welfare)

Cluster 3:

Micro-enterprises Empowerment based Social Assistance

(Coordinating Ministry of Economic Affairs)


Institutional Issues on CCT program


CCT program in Indonesia

  • Known as Family of Hope Program (PKH).

  • Implemented since 2007.

  • Transferring funds directly to women.

  • Employing 12 health and education indicators.

  • In 2010 covers around 800,000 poor households.


Institutional Issues of PKH

  • At central government: between ministries

  • Between central and local governments

  • At village level


Between Ministries

  • PKH is a demand driven program.

  • Managed by The Ministry of Social Affairs (MoSA)

  • Inter-sectors coordination is provided by a central coordinating team

  • MoSA is considered as lack of credibility compared to other ministries

  • Difficult to ensure other ministries' support and commitment


Between Central and Local Governments

  • PKH is a central government program.

  • Indonesia is a very decentralized country with autonomy lies at the district government.

  • PKH has been implemented only at selected districts.

  • There is an MOU between central and district governments.

  • Low level of local governments’ commitment (‘business as usual’).

  • District health and education offices follow strategies from their line ministries and local government policy.


At village level

  • Service providers at the village level follow policies at the district level.

  • Lack of information at services providers

  • Extra burden no additional compensation

  • Resulted in the virtual absence of compliance monitoring.


PKH Institutional Interrelationship

Ministry of Health

Ministry of

Social Affairs

Ministry

of Education

Central

MOU

District

Government

Social Affairs

Office

Education

Office

Health

Office

District

Health clinics

Field Facilitators

Schools

Village


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