Collaboration and group work
Download
1 / 25

PDF file - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 202 Views
  • Updated On :

Collaboration and Group Work. Jeannie Yuhaniak Dental Informatics University of Pittsburgh. Yellowstone National Park, Wyoming. Outline. Introduction / Background Mandviwall & Olfman Paper Sociological Aspects of Groups Collaborations and Dentistry Barriers to Collaboration

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'PDF file' - LionelDale


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
Collaboration and group work l.jpg
Collaboration and Group Work

Jeannie Yuhaniak

Dental Informatics

University of Pittsburgh

Yellowstone National Park, Wyoming


Outline l.jpg
Outline

  • Introduction / Background

  • Mandviwall & Olfman Paper

  • Sociological Aspects of Groups

  • Collaborations and Dentistry

  • Barriers to Collaboration

  • Future Research

  • In-class Assignment


What is collaboration l.jpg
What is Collaboration?

  • Communication, knowledge-sharing, and knowledge dissemination

  • Face-to-face interactions, group meetings, individual action, and hands-on experimentation

Kouzes, R., Myers, J., Wulf, W. Collaboratories: Doing Science on the Internet. Computer. 29:40-46. 1996


What is a collaboratory l.jpg
What is a Collaboratory?

“…center(s) without walls, in which the nation’s researchers can perform their research without regard to geographical location – interacting with colleagues, accessing instrumentation, sharing data and computational resource, and accessing information in digital libraries”

  • William Wulf, 1989

Kouzes, R., Myers, J., Wulf, W. Collaboratories: Doing Science on the Internet. Computer. 29:40-46. 1996


Slide5 l.jpg

Figure from Mandviwalla, M., Olfman, L. What Do Groups Need? A Proposed Set of Generic Groupware Requirements. ACM Transactions on Computer Human Interaction: 1(3):245-268. 1994.


Timeline of clinical collaboration l.jpg
Timeline of Clinical Collaboration Need? A Proposed Set of Generic Groupware Requirements. ACM Transactions on Computer Human Interaction: 1(3):245-268. 1994.

Collaboratory for Microscopic Digital Anatomy - scientist sharing computer-controlled electron microscope

William Wulf coined the phrase "collaboratory,"

1989

NYU Oral Cancer RAAHP

Center Project Started

1998

2001

1996

2000

National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research recognized that the dental and craniofacial research community must increase its capability for collaborative research

1967

The very first telemedicine system was implemented by a radiologist

1991

National Collaboratory Program was legislated to build infrastructure supporting scientific research

Intermed Collaboratory established as partnership among several leading medical informatics laboratories

Rinde E, Balteskard L. Is there a future for telemedicine? Lancet;359(9322):1957.2002

Schleyer, T. Collaboratories: Leveraging Information Technology for Cooperative Research. J Dent Res 80(6)1508-15012. 2001


Types of collaboratories l.jpg
Types of Collaboratories Need? A Proposed Set of Generic Groupware Requirements. ACM Transactions on Computer Human Interaction: 1(3):245-268. 1994.

  • Web-based (workspaces, conferencing)

  • Internet discussion lists

  • Email

  • Chat

  • Phone

  • Video conferencing

  • Screen Sharing Applications


Collaboratory software groupware l.jpg

Must Support: Need? A Proposed Set of Generic Groupware Requirements. ACM Transactions on Computer Human Interaction: 1(3):245-268. 1994.

Knowledge management

Knowledge creation

Knowledge sharing

Must Consider:

Autonomy

Trust

Sense of place

Attention to ritual

Collaboratory Software Groupware

Kouzes, R., Myers, J., Wulf, W. Collaboratories: Doing Science on the Internet. Computer. 29:40-46. 1996


What do groups need mandviwall olfman paper l.jpg
What do Groups Need? Need? A Proposed Set of Generic Groupware Requirements. ACM Transactions on Computer Human Interaction: 1(3):245-268. 1994.Mandviwall & Olfman Paper

  • Multidisciplinary literature analysis was conducted to identify important work group characteristics

  • Article proposes a set of generic groupware design requirements based on this analysis

Mandviwalla, M., Olfman, L. What Do Groups Need? A Proposed Set of Generic Groupware Requirements. ACM Transactions on Computer Human Interaction: 1(3):245-268. 1994.


Why discuss this study mandviwall olfman paper l.jpg
Why Discuss This Study? Need? A Proposed Set of Generic Groupware Requirements. ACM Transactions on Computer Human Interaction: 1(3):245-268. 1994.Mandviwall & Olfman Paper

Overall analysis of the sociological/psychological aspects of groups

paired with their

technological

significance

Bighorn Sheep, Yellowstone National Park0


Methods mandviwall olfman paper l.jpg
Methods Need? A Proposed Set of Generic Groupware Requirements. ACM Transactions on Computer Human Interaction: 1(3):245-268. 1994.Mandviwall & Olfman Paper

1. Comprehensive Literature review of common problems of Groupware

2. Review of literature to increase understanding of work groups

Old Faithful, Yellowstone National Park


Results of work group literature review mandviwall olfman paper l.jpg
Results of Work Group Literature Review Need? A Proposed Set of Generic Groupware Requirements. ACM Transactions on Computer Human Interaction: 1(3):245-268. 1994.Mandviwall & Olfman Paper

As Groups perform their tasks they are delineated by context, time, behavioral characteristics, use of interaction methods, and work habits. Since groups vary across so many factors their specific needs are unpredictable.

Mandviwalla, M., Olfman, L. What Do Groups Need? A Proposed Set of Generic Groupware Requirements. ACM Transactions on Computer Human Interaction: 1(3):245-268. 1994.


Slide13 l.jpg

Resulting Design Suggestions Need? A Proposed Set of Generic Groupware Requirements. ACM Transactions on Computer Human Interaction: 1(3):245-268. 1994.

Mandviwall & Olfman Paper

Mandviwalla, M., Olfman, L. What Do Groups Need? A Proposed Set of Generic Groupware Requirements. ACM Transactions on Computer Human Interaction: 1(3):245-268. 1994.


Slide14 l.jpg

Mandviwalla, M., Olfman, L. What Do Groups Need? A Proposed Set of Generic Groupware Requirements. ACM Transactions on Computer Human Interaction: 1(3):245-268. 1994.


Other sociological findings l.jpg
Other Sociological Findings Set of Generic Groupware Requirements. ACM Transactions on Computer Human Interaction: 1(3):245-268. 1994.

  • It is not worth participating unless a sizeable group are already participating (Metcalfe's law)

  • People will stop using a system if participation falls below a certain level (party example)

  • Just knowing others are doing work has dramatic affect

    Activity indicators

Ackerman, M., Starr, B. Social Activity Indicators for Groupware. Computer. 29: 37-42. 1996


Other sociological findings16 l.jpg
Other Sociological Findings Set of Generic Groupware Requirements. ACM Transactions on Computer Human Interaction: 1(3):245-268. 1994.

  • Finding and vilifying external enemies

  • Religious admiration (Tolkein example)

    Find Commonalities

    Have Policies

Shirky, C. A Group is its own worst enemy. Speech at ETech. April 2003


Collaboratories in dentistry preliminary data chairside computer use among general dentists l.jpg
Collaboratories in Dentistry Set of Generic Groupware Requirements. ACM Transactions on Computer Human Interaction: 1(3):245-268. 1994.Preliminary Data * : Chairside computer use among general dentists

  • 45% Dentists practice alone

  • 92% Have internet access in their offices

  • 42% Use email for clinical purposes

  • 84% Think it would be useful to have a National Health Information Infrastructure to exchange patient information

* N = 102


Preliminary data chairside computer use among general dentists l.jpg
Preliminary Data: Set of Generic Groupware Requirements. ACM Transactions on Computer Human Interaction: 1(3):245-268. 1994.Chairside computer use among general dentists

  • Share information with Hygienist, Assistant, Front Desk & Patients

  • Share information with other colleagues dental suppliers, laboratories, & insurance companies


Why we need collaborations in dentistry l.jpg
Why we need Collaborations in Dentistry Set of Generic Groupware Requirements. ACM Transactions on Computer Human Interaction: 1(3):245-268. 1994.

  • Research

  • Single practices communicating with each other

  • Education

  • National Databases (Patient Data)


Collaborations in dentistry ada s perspective l.jpg
Collaborations in Dentistry Set of Generic Groupware Requirements. ACM Transactions on Computer Human Interaction: 1(3):245-268. 1994.ADA’s Perspective

ADA, Future of Dentistry—Today’s Vision: Tomorrow’s Reality. http://www.ada.org/prof/resources/topics/futuredent/future_preface.pdf

“Dental schools should explore regionalization in dental education in which dental schools collaborate to reduce costs and enhance quality in dental education.”


Dental technologies l.jpg
Dental Technologies Set of Generic Groupware Requirements. ACM Transactions on Computer Human Interaction: 1(3):245-268. 1994.

  • Teledentistry for clinical consultations

  • Videoconferencing for education & professional collaboration

  • Web for information dissemination to patients & remote clinicians

  • Digital Image Databases

  • Patient Information Databases for research


Barriers to collaboration l.jpg
Barriers to Collaboration Set of Generic Groupware Requirements. ACM Transactions on Computer Human Interaction: 1(3):245-268. 1994.

  • Convincing people to use it

  • Finding the right tools – groupware

  • “Creating a system that fully satisfies each requirement is not practical” - Mandviwalla, M., Olfman, L

  • Supporting the

  • development of the

  • group


Future research dental collaboratories l.jpg
Future Research Set of Generic Groupware Requirements. ACM Transactions on Computer Human Interaction: 1(3):245-268. 1994.Dental Collaboratories

  • Studies of Dental Collaborations

  • Studies of Groupware used in Dentistry

  • RAAHP Study


In class assignment l.jpg
In-Class Assignment Set of Generic Groupware Requirements. ACM Transactions on Computer Human Interaction: 1(3):245-268. 1994.

Assessing Your Collaboration:

A Self Evaluation Tool.

  • Center for Biomedical Informatics

  • ADA

  • RAAHP

  • University of Pittsburgh

Aruba

Borden, L., Perkins, D. Assessing Your Collaboration: A Self Evaluation Tool. Journal of Extension. 37(2). 1999.


Slide25 l.jpg

Thank You Set of Generic Groupware Requirements. ACM Transactions on Computer Human Interaction: 1(3):245-268. 1994.

Questions or Comments?

Jeannie Yuhaniak

Collaboratory Manager

Center for Dental Informatics

University of Pittsburgh

412.383.9081

[email protected]


ad